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I bought a watermelon plant and planted it in the garden. since the plant does not stand on its own I wanted to know if I should put them near a support (stick) to keep it straight or
and (as for zucchini) I have to leave it resting on the ground
the watermelon (also called watermelon or water melon) is a cucurbitaceae, which has a development very similar to that of the melons, it is a creeping herbaceous plant, which also has tendrils along the thin and fickle stem; it is cultivated leaving it quietly on the ground, also because if it found something to climb on, the development of the fruits would forcibly drag the stem to the ground.
The watermelon plants are grown in a very sunny area, in a good rich, deep, sciolo, well worked and fertilized soil. They develop producing lateral branches, and each plant can produce more fruit; in general, as soon as the main stem lengthens to have 4-5 leaves, it tops, so as to favor the development of numerous lateral branches, which will bear the fruits. As soon as the first tiny watermelons develop, the ones that already show a better size are checked, and the fruits that exceed the number of three or four are removed, to improve the final size of the ripe fruits.
The cultivation treatments to be provided during the approximately four months that elapse from sowing to harvesting are watered regularly, every time the soil is dry; in particular the waterings are intensified by the appearance of the flowers, until the fruits are not swollen; about ten days before the harvest the waterings are suspended, to favor the concentration of the sugars in the pulp. To maintain a uniform coloration of the watermelons, and to avoid that the side in contact with the ground goes into rottenness, it is used (especially in the family gardens) to lift them from the ground, placing under the part in contact with the ground of the straw, or of the cloth mulching, or other material.
The cucurbits are easy to cultivate and give great satisfaction; surely the easiest plant to grow is the courgette, which can produce up to a few kilograms of fruit within a few months; all the cucurbits are cultivated in a sunny place and need a well-worked and fertilized soil; the watering is provided only when the soil is dry, avoiding to excessively wet the leaves, which if moist tend to be attacked by oidium and other fungi.
To have zucchini for long months it is convenient to sow several plants to climb, at a distance of about fifteen days from each other, so that when a plant has finished producing fruit there are already others in full bloom.
The cucurbits love very well fertilized soils, and it is good to avoid growing them for several years on the same plot.