We are searching data for your request:
Upon completion, a link will appear to access the found materials.
Parsley is a biennial herb. It is widely grown for use in medicine, cosmetology and cooking. Breeders have developed many varieties of parsley, which differ in properties, ripening times and appearance.
In the article we will tell you about all the most popular types and varieties of this vegetable, suitable for growing in the Moscow region and other regions of Russia, in the open field and in a greenhouse.
This article also details tips for choosing parsley seeds. It also provides an overview of the best varieties for open ground and greenhouses.
How to choose seeds?
There are 2 main varieties of parsley - leaf and root. They differ in appearance, structure and purpose. An important factor is to initially determine the purpose of growing the crop. Root parsley is considered a versatile crop.
Parsley is used:
- for the preparation of medicinal broths;
- it is added for taste and aroma to marinades for preservation, meat dishes, sauces.
Leafy parsley is sown to produce greens for use in cooking.
The importance of making the right choice
When choosing a variety, one should take into account such indicators as:
- disease resistance;
Depending on the ripening time, parsley is characterized by short or long storage, the ability to transport. You should choose varieties zoned in the Russian Federation. They are adapted to the growing conditions and yield the expected yield.
14 varieties of root parsley, adapted for cultivation on the territory of the country, have been entered into the state register. Among them Sugar (common in the Smolensk, Ryazan, Moscow regions), Urozhainaya (typical for the Kaliningrad region). You can experiment with leafy parsley - it is less thermophilic and the ripening period is shorter.
Consequences of mistakes
After sowing seeds, it is important to get the maximum yield. If you choose the wrong variety for the area, then you will not be able to ripen the root crop or cut the greens several times per season. The optimum temperature for crop growth is 15-20 degrees Celsius... If a late root variety is planted in an area with a short frost-free period, then it will not have time to grow to the required size.
So, for example, in the Northern region, the duration of the frost-free period is up to 125 days (mid-ripening and late-ripening varieties will not have time to ripen). In the Ural region, heat remains from 105 to 240 days - the lack of stable heat will prevent the plant from fully forming.
What should you pay attention to first?
Parsley is an unpretentious culture... Spicy greens are able to withstand harsh winters in open field conditions without additional shelter. For the harsh regions of Siberia and the Urals, you should choose early maturing varieties, and for central Russia, any varieties are suitable. A cold-resistant plant can be planted at temperatures from +1 to +5 degrees.
There are many species that are suitable for outdoor planting. And some are better to grow in a greenhouse - root varieties of long-term storage are mainly used, leafy ones are planted mainly for the purpose of sale.
A large number of parsley species have also been bred for cultivation on the windowsill. You can get greens in the room throughout the entire calendar year.
Varieties for open ground and greenhouses - description and photo
A biennial plant has different ripening periods, which should be taken into account when choosing a variety. In early species, the growth period is 50-60 days, in mid-season leaves are formed after 75 days, and in later species, greens grow at the end of summer. Root varieties have a longer ripening period.
The leafy varieties of parsley are prized for their aromatic greens with a pleasant taste.... They are characterized by abundant foliage and fast growth, and can be curly or smooth. Some varieties reach 60 cm in height, and the bush grows up to 30 cm in diameter.
Such early maturing species are in greatest demand among gardeners.
It is appreciated for its fast growth and beautiful leaves; greens are ready for cutting in 50-60 days.
Natalka variety yields a harvest in 55-65 days, has a high yield and good winter hardiness.
Suitable for growing in open and closed ground, tolerates transportation well. Due to its pronounced aroma, it is suitable for winter preparations.
Such early varieties as Russian feast, Beads are also suitable for cultivation.
Parsley Parsley is popular for aromatic lush greens and excellent yields... Parsley reaches its technical maturity 70 days after the first shoots appear.
Parsley variety Yielding ordinary is characterized by a large number of leaves - in one rosette there are up to 100 pieces. The roots of this species are not eaten.
The greens grow back in 70-80 days, retains freshness for a long time when cut. Differs in lodging resistance.
The growing season to maturity is 65-70 days. Bushes grow up to 70 cm in height. The variety is attractive in frost resistance, undemanding to heat during growth.
Late parsley will allow you to harvest in late summer and autumn... They can be used both for drying and raw.
It matures in an average of 95 days, has a high aroma and the ability of greens to grow back quickly after pruning.
We offer you to watch a video of the Rialto parsley variety:
A high-yielding variety with large leaves and a pronounced odor. Used fresh, frozen and dried.
Corrugated carved leaves of such parsley are great for decorating dishes.and they also have a bright aroma and mild taste. You can store cut greens for about a week - during this time, all the properties of parsley will be preserved.
According to the ripening period, the following varieties are distinguished.
Early maturing variety, leaves are formed 65 days after germination. Large carved petals grow from a dense rosette; after trimming, the green mass quickly grows again.
Esmeralda is a mid-season variety, you can cut the greens after 70 days... It is characterized by abundant greenery on short stalks.
Late appearance, the growing season reaches 96 days. It has curly leaves, proportional to the petiole. Fragrant greens are disease resistant.
To get fresh parsley throughout the season, you need to sow it in several stages. It is advisable to distribute varieties with different ripeness periods on the garden bed.
Root parsley produces long or shortened root vegetables of various shapes and sizes, depending on the variety.
Common early species
The ripening period for sugar parsley is 90-98 days.... The root is white with a yellowish center, conical in shape, grows up to 6 cm in diameter and up to 25 cm in length. Greens have a pleasant taste and pronounced smell, therefore they are also used for culinary purposes.
Technical ripeness occurs 95-105 days after germination. The plant has a medium, reverse triangular white root crop, grows up to 20 cm long and up to 6 cm wide. Greens are aromatic and edible.
Maturity occurs 100-130 days after sowing. Pointed roots reach 20 cm in length, are white and have a long shelf life. The leaves of the variety are edible, up to 20 of them grow on the bush.
The growing season of the Final variety is 130 days.... The root is gray with white flesh, has the shape of an elongated cone up to 24 cm long with a diameter of up to 2 cm.The height of the bush is up to 30 cm.
The root crop ripens 150-180 days after sowing. The cone-shaped root crop has a white color, grows up to 20 cm long. The outlet is spreading.
Technical maturity occurs in 170-180 days. The roots grow up to 36 cm long and 8 cm thick, with a white and aromatic center. The greens are edible.
Root plants are used as a seasoning for soups, stews or fried foodsare rarely used for salads.
Which are considered the best?
From leaf parsley, the Moskraukh and Urozhaynaya Obshchaynaya variety gained advantage - the abundant rapidly growing greens allowed these species to become leaders. Among the curly varieties, Astra has proven itself in the best way due to its ability to grow both in open ground and at home, as well as due to the rapid regrowth of cut leaves.
The most common root variety is Sugar Parsley. Its advantages are early maturity, unpretentiousness in cultivation and a fragrant root crop. In central Russia and the Moscow region, most of the varieties can be planted - frost-resistant parsley adapts well to the conditions of the temperate continental climate.
Among the root species are widespread:
Among leafy species, such as:
- Yielding ordinary;
All types of parsley are suitable for open field sowing... Experienced gardeners recommend planting Gloria, Breeze, Mooskrause 2 - it is necessary to additionally cover the plant for the winter in harsh conditions, for the middle lane there is enough natural snow cover. Among the root varieties for planting in the garden, such varieties as Bogatyr, Final have proven themselves.
Parsley is an irreplaceable herb. A diverse assortment allows you to choose the types that are suitable for the characteristics for any occasion. The choice of a suitable variety should be based on several indicators - the purpose of cultivation, climate.
We offer you to watch a video about the types and characteristics of parsley varieties: