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Step-by-step instructions for planting radishes in open ground, in a greenhouse and at home. Features of growing root crops

 Step-by-step instructions for planting radishes in open ground, in a greenhouse and at home. Features of growing root crops



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One of the first fruits on the garden plot ripens radish. This root vegetable belongs to the genus Radish of the Cabbage family. Planting radishes and further caring for the crop will not require special knowledge of vegetable growing and horticulture.

You can get a good harvest of radish all year round and even without having a summer cottage, if you know a few secrets of planting a root crop. In the article, we will tell you where, when, what and how you can plant radishes so that it sprouts faster, as well as what kind of care this culture needs. You can also watch a useful video on this topic.

Features of the

  • Selection of a suitable variety (ripening period, planting period).
  • Compliance with the timing of planting, according to the variety.
  • The choice of a lit and protected from the wind plot of land.
  • Competent sowing of seeds.
  • Maintaining an optimal level of soil moisture.
  • Top dressing carried out on time.
  • Protection from pests.

Which crops can be planted next to?

Compatible

Radishes can be planted next to certain crops... Her neighbors can be:

  • strawberries;
  • cabbage;
  • peas and beans;
  • kohlrabi;
  • carrot;
  • parsnip;
  • tomatoes.

Possible neighbors:

  • grapes;
  • salad;
  • garlic.

In general, radishes are unpretentious to their predecessors, but there are several recommendations... Good precursors for radishes are:

  • potatoes;
  • tomatoes;
  • peas and beans;
  • cucumbers.

Advice: To save space on your garden plot, you can plant radishes along the beds with strawberries or carrots, or in the greenhouse before planting tomatoes.

For more details on what can be planted after or next to the radish, and whether it will grow in place of other crops, read here.

Incompatible

Neighborhood with cucumbers and onions, as well as with hyssop is not recommended... According to the rules of agricultural technology, it is not recommended to plant the same plants on the same bed for two seasons in a row.

Which variety should you choose?

The type of radish is selected depending on the planting time. Radish is one-year and two-year. Most often, summer residents prefer the one-year variety because of the convenience and quick harvest.

Here are some examples of successful varieties of radish:

  • French breakfast (early maturing, ripens on average in 25 days, has an elongated shape, color is bright pink with a white tail).
  • Early red (ripens a little longer, up to 30 days, resistant to the appearance of arrows, the fruits are round, juicy).
  • Helios variety (mid-season variety ripens up to 30 days, fruit yellow and juicy soft taste).
  • Sora (high-yielding mid-season variety with red fruits, resistant to diseases and pests).

The right time to sow seeds

It is possible to sow radishes in open ground, depending on the region, from the end of April. The daytime temperature should be above 15 degrees, and the nighttime temperature should be above + 5 degrees, then the ripening period of the vegetable will be reduced by a week. The best temperature for radish is +20 degrees.

It is not recommended to sow radish before winter., since seedlings appear quite quickly even at low positive temperatures. But in the future, the radish can die from frost, or survive if the temperature is not lower than -20 degrees. When the seedlings are covered with snow, the radish may well exist until spring and continue to grow. If you need a lot of harvest, it is still recommended to gradually sow the radishes during the summer season until September.

For more details on when to plant radishes, read this resource.

Special devices

Many gardeners involved in the cultivation of radishes are interested in whether it is possible to sow a root crop so that it does not have to be thinned out in the future, and how to do it? For the convenience of planting and to avoid subsequent thinning, you can use radish seeders. They are homemade and special agrotechnical. The latter are sold in garden stores. Seeders allow you to save time for sowing, save seeds and not do the subsequent thinning of the seedlings. The seeder itself is a kind of seed dispenser that dispenses seed evenly over a period of time.

Read more about choosing different types of devices for planting radishes and making a seeder with your own hands here.

Step-by-step instructions and diagrams on how to plant radishes at home, in the garden and greenhouse

You can grow radishes in various ways: outdoors, in greenhouses or at home.... In a polycarbonate greenhouse, you can harvest all year round, at home, several harvests are possible during the summer season, radishes are grown in the open field from early spring to autumn.

This culture is equally unpretentious both in the open field and in a closed greenhouse. The soil in greenhouses is prepared a little differently, because radish is not the leading crop in them. He, so to speak, sits down on what is already planned to be planted in the greenhouse. Therefore, seeds are planted not in the greenhouse beds, but between them, and a week or two earlier than the main crop.

Growing radishes at home can only be complicated by insufficient lighting.... Planting can be done all year round, as opposed to planting a vegetable in the open field. Unlike a greenhouse, you do not need to prepare additional lighting, heating and an irrigation system for planting radishes at home. If it is planned to grow root crops in a greenhouse all year round, then these nuances will need to be taken into account in advance.

In egg cassettes

  1. It is necessary to carry out hygienic processing of egg cassettes (wipe with alcohol or another disinfectant, warm up in the oven at a temperature not exceeding 70 degrees).
  2. You need to prepare the cassettes themselves. The tops are cut with a sharp knife to form through holes. Place the cells on the ground with the slices down.
  3. After that, you need to decompose one root seed in each cell. Do not add seeds in bulk.
  4. Sprinkle on top with clean sand, water. The landing phase is now over.

In boxes

Planting radishes in boxes can be carried out on a glazed balcony, on a windowsill or in a vegetable garden. For planting in boxes, radish varieties are recommended that do not go to the arrows... Such as Heat, Novired, French breakfast.

  1. We select the box. A wooden one measuring 60 by 60 centimeters, 10-15 centimeters high is suitable.
  2. We fill it with a soil mixture based on soil, peat or vermicompost. We make grooves up to two centimeters at a distance of about 10 centimeters. Then we plant the seeds as usual.

On toilet paper

You can plant not only radishes on toilet paper, but also carrots, lettuce, dill and cilantro.... Any small seeds are suitable for such planting.

  1. The first step is to prepare a paste for attaching the small seeds to a tape of paper. The composition of the paste: flour and water. Add cold water to a small amount of flour (2-3 tablespoons), gradually. Stir thoroughly until a homogeneous mass is obtained, similar to pancake dough.
  2. Pour the seeds onto a plate or saucer and level them so that it is convenient to take.
  3. We take toilet paper. Better to take a dense one. The length of the piece of paper can be small, or even the length of your bed. It is most convenient to take the length of the tape a meter and a half. The width of the tape can be either a whole sheet of toilet paper, or half or a third. This parameter is irrelevant.
  4. We dip the prepared match in a sticky composition of flour and glue one radish seed onto it and put it on toilet paper. The seed will stick well.
  5. The distance in the seed row should be two centimeters. On an uncut sheet of paper, you can fit two of these rows, along the edges. If desired, the wide tape can be cut into convenient strips before planting.
  6. You can add dill seeds to the ribbon in any order.
  7. This paper tape with seeds can be prepared in advance before planting and stored in a box. The seeds will stick after drying and remain on the tape.
  8. A tape of paper with seeds can be planted in open ground. We spread the ribbon with the seeds up and pour it with water. The paper will become deformed and wet. Then sprinkle the tape with soil and wait for the shoots.

    Important: When planting, we place the toilet paper tape strictly with the seeds up.

In open ground

Next, let's talk about how to quickly sow radish seeds in open ground, what depth is suitable and at what temperature it will be right to plant a root crop, when is it better to do it and whether it is possible in winter. Radish is quite resistant to night low temperatures, so it can be safely planted in open ground and get a rich harvest. You can start disembarking in late March - early April.

  1. The soil must be prepared. Loosen to a depth of at least 20 cm, apply the selected fertilizers, remove weeds.
  2. Add radish seeds, pour enough cold water over it and cover the seed groove with soil for a couple of centimeters.

We recommend watching a video about planting radish seeds in open ground:

How to speed up the sprouting process?

To accelerate the germination of radish in the open field, the crops should be covered with foil... Planting dates will depend on the selected radish variety. Early ripening varieties are planted in early June, and mid-ripening in June. Always pay attention to the timing depending on the seed variety. There are also late varieties of vegetables that are recommended to be sown in open ground in late summer or early autumn. Some gardeners sow radishes before winter, before the first frosts appear. Sowing in the winter allows you to get a harvest earlier than sowing in early spring.

To get a harvest on a plot in the open field:

  1. Choose an area protected from strong winds and well lit.
  2. We prepare the soil as for other plantings. You need to loosen it to a depth of 20 centimeters. The seed groove is about 1 cm deep at a distance of 10 centimeters from each other.
  3. Seeds are not often laid out, a distance of about 3-5 centimeters is observed.
  4. Then sprinkle with earth and water.
  5. Shoots can be observed in 4-5 days.

For more information on how many days a radish sprout and how to speed up the process, read this article.

Possible problems and difficulties

The main problem when planting radishes can be the thickening of crops., the distance between plants should be at least 2 cm. Radish also reacts poorly on long daylight hours. The fact is that radish will not yield root crops with a day length of more than twelve hours. Therefore, you need to plant radishes either in early spring or before winter. Soils for vegetables are suitable for sandy loam or loamy.

Of the fertilizers, vermicompost, compost for organic farming or mineral fertilizers will be relevant. The pest of radish is the cruciferous flea. Therefore, immediately after planting, it is necessary: ​​sprinkle the beds with ash, cover with moisture and air permeable material and do not remove it until the leaves of the plant coarsen and become unattractive to insects.

Further care of the plant

After planting, the plant will require the following care: feeding, thinning and watering... Top dressing is carried out with organic fertilizers or nitrogen fertilizers. The first thinning of seedlings should be done as needed a week after the emergence of seedlings. Water the radish in small portions two or three times a week. Then, after the culture has matured, it is necessary to harvest it in time to avoid overripe and spoilage. The radish is kept in the cold.

We recommend watching a video about caring for radishes in the open field:

Conclusion

Even a novice gardener will be able to grow a rich radish crop. This vegetable is quite unpretentious and easy to care for, if you follow simple recommendations. The collection of fruits is done selectively, as the roots ripen. Harvesting is easy, but even if you are late in harvesting, you can end up with seeds for planting. You can grow radishes in the open field throughout the summer season! If you focus on all the recommendations and take into account the difference in climatic conditions for different areas, then the radish harvest will delight any gardener.


Watch the video: Raise a Radish in your greenhouse (August 2022).