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Meet gerbera - "honorable" flower for a magnificent bouquet!

 Meet gerbera -


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Garden plants are gradually settling into human dwellings. Here is an amazing gerbera, taking an honorable place on the windowsill, pleases with the splendor of its flowering human eyes and heart. But do not think that it is so easy to get attention from this capricious beauty! It requires special care and vigilant care, for which, however, generously endows its owner with the juiciness of greenery and the brightness of graceful, as if carved from ivory, buds.

From the article you will learn all the most interesting information about it, for example: what kind of plant is it with succulent leaves, the flowers of which can be not one, but different colors, even an unusual blue; get acquainted with its garden and home varieties, as well as the rules of indoor care and a selection of photos of this beautiful flower.

Origin story

Gerberas belong to the Astrov family. The habitat in the wild is the tropical regions of Asia, Africa, Madagascar. Almost all colors are present in the color, except for blue.

It was first described at the beginning of the 18th century, or rather, back in 1717, when the Dutch, traveling in search of gold and precious stones in southern Africa, stumbled upon a thicket of unknown plants. Among them were gerberas. The samples were immediately taken out by the biologist Jan Gronovirus, but the name was not given until 1737, in honor of the famous German botanist Traugott Gerber.

The popularity of the flower came only in the 19th century, and since then they are grown all over the world, in garden beds, in houses and greenhouses.

How is it pronounced correctly?

The name "gerbera" comes from the Latin word "Gerbera". The stress in the word is placed on the second syllable.

What does it symbolize?

If you are interested in what a flower is a symbol of, then know that this gentle creature, first of all, means modesty and purity. The European legend tells of the most beautiful of all nymphs, the Coat of Arms, who wished to turn into an uncomplicated flower, tired of everyone's attention.

What is it for?

In the language of flowers, which came to us from the East, the most pleasant emotions are associated with gerbera. Their meaning lies in a smile, playfulness, warmth. The similarity of a flower with a solar disk surrounded by rays endows it with positive, life-affirming symbolism. If you believe the reviews, then when you want to cheer someone up, give him one or more charming colored "suns".

A small bouquet hints to the fair sex that someone is not indifferent to her. This is a universal flower: it can be cut for a school bouquet and for a family holiday. (for example, on the occasion of the birth of a baby, orange or yellow ones will be very appropriate), you can fill a happy bride with a scattering of white gerberas, and collect a purple composition for a business partner.

Perennial or not?

Depending on the conditions, gerbera can be annual or perennial. At home, with proper care, she lives long enough. Open ground is another matter. The period of existence in this case is very short - a year, and you can admire the flowering only in summer. Gerbera does not tolerate frequent changes in climatic conditions.

Reference! To preserve the roots for the winter, they are dug out together with an earthen lump and transferred to a basement with a regulated temperature.

Other names

The gerbera also has a couple of names: "Transvaal chamomile", because of the external similarity with chamomiles, and "Transvaal daisy", according to the place of origin - the Transvaal province.

Similar plants

There are about a dozen similar colors, and an inexperienced person often cannot distinguish them from a gerbera.

  • Anacyclus: an annual plant native to the Mediterranean, Middle East and North Africa. The flowers are similar in shape and color, but the leaves are much smaller.
  • Arctotis: perennial unpretentious plant growing in South Africa. Has an atypical dark blue center of flowers.
  • Venidium: breeders bred flowers with long stems and contrasting colored petals.
  • Gatsania: has the greatest similarity of all. It has inclusions similar to the coloring of peacock feathers at the base of the petals - this is the only difference.
  • Calendula: provides valuable raw materials for the pharmaceutical industry, is widely used in traditional medicine. This honey plant has much smaller flower baskets than gerberas.
  • Coreopsis: these garden suns, exported from America, amaze with a variety of species - there are more than a hundred of them. Breeders have bred undersized specimens, especially for balconies and low vases.
  • Pyrethrum: unlike the capricious gerbera, it survives perfectly in cool climates and is unpretentious in care. Keeps fresh for a long time after cutting.
  • Rudbeckia: has the same large flowers, but the center is more convex. Homeland - North Africa.
  • Ursinia: resistant to cold, therefore it is loved by Russian summer residents. It differs in color of flowers: outside they are dark (purple or brown), and inside they are much lighter (cream, yellow).
  • Chrysanthemum: another unpretentious plant that can survive even in frost.
  • Echinacea: a medicinal plant, "deer root" from North America, with a dark fluffy center.
  • Erigeron: yellow, scarlet and crimson are also similar flowers, but only of a very small size.

What do “transvaal daisies” combine with?

Insofar as gerberas are hypoallergenic, odorless and do not fade for a long time without water, they can be combined with any colors. But especially beautiful compositions are obtained with scarlet and white roses, emerald chrysanthemums, daisies and calla lilies.

How much does a bouquet cost indoors?

The lifespan depends on the time of transportation and storage conditions: on average 1-2 weeks.

Important! For cutting, flowers are taken with fully open inflorescences and ripe pollen. The stems are kept in clean warm water for several hours, and cardboard boxes are used for storage. The room temperature should be within 3-5 degrees, the period should be 36 hours.

In order for the bouquet to last longer, the owner must be able to properly care for it:

  • The stem is notched to increase the intake area every three days.
  • The plant should not touch the bottom of the vase.
  • It is better to place the bouquet in a cool place with diffused light.
  • The water is disinfected with crushed activated charcoal or an aspirin tablet. You can add a few drops of lemon juice.
  • A piece of silver placed in a vase will help prevent decay.
  • Only filtered water is poured into the vase and is changed daily.

Read more about how to keep a gerbera bouquet as long as possible here.

Botanical description

Root

Powerful, composed of dozens of long strands.

Sheet

Its leaves are very beautiful - intricately cut, elongated, pointed at the edges. In length, they can reach 30-35 centimeters. Collected in an elegant root rosette, in some species their reverse side and petioles are covered with milk fluff. The stems deprived of leaves grow up to 60 cm and are most often also pubescent.

Inflorescences

Like many representatives of Aster, flowers are collected in single baskets with a diameter of 4 to 30 cm. One basket can have up to hundreds of individual flowers. Median - small in size, in the form of a long tube with an extension at the top. Marginal - reed, the color range is extensive.

Gerberas bloom for 3-4 months, and this makes the plant a very valuable commercial crop.

Common species and varieties

Bush

The species are conventionally divided into three groups.

Small

The inflorescences are medium in size, with narrow petals and up to 50 cm in height.

Large

Peduncles stretch up to 70 cm in height, the diameter of the inflorescences is 13 cm. The petals are medium and large.

Terry and semi-double

Height varies from 40 to 70 cm, gerberas with narrow petals are smaller in size, broad-petaled - more powerful and larger.

Garden

There are about 100 species adapted for growing in the garden. The most common: Rudy Amsterdam, Saskia, Robin.

Home

The most popular varieties are Gerbera Ilios, Gerbera Hummingbir. They are petite and not as whimsical as the rest.

A photo

See below what the plant looks like in a high resolution photo:





How and where does it grow?

The changeable climate of Russia creates a lot of problems when growing gerberas outdoors: sowing has to be done every year, subsequent attempts to preserve the roots often end in failure (you can read about how to grow a gerbera in a flower bed here). The best option is indoor cultivation.

What are the rules of care?

Lighting

Gerbera grows only in well-lit areas. The window sill of the western or eastern window suits her. Strange, you ask - why does a native of the tropics not tolerate direct sunlight and high temperatures? This is what makes it special. There should be as much sun as possible, but the florist's task is to make it diffused and soft.

Gerbera can be taken to the balcony or garden from May to September and leave there until late at night. Shading is necessary in the sun. The most convenient

Temperature

It is important to protect this thermophilic plant from low temperatures and drafts. The most comfortable summer is 18-20 degrees. The dormant period occurs in the winter, after flowering. The room needs to be cooled to 14-15 degrees and kept that way until February.

Watering

All year round. In winter, if the heaters are turned on, the amount of liquid increases. To avoid the growth of microbes, watering is carried out through the sump or along the edge of the pot.

Reference! Gardeners advise on especially hot days to use containers with wet pebbles, the evaporating liquid from which will well refresh the gerbera.

Water for irrigation should be at room temperature and as purified as possible. It is strictly forbidden to use water from open reservoirs. Rainwater, which gets a lot of chemicals, can also give little useful gerbera. Well water and distilled water are suitable options. In extreme cases, you can use filtered and settled water from the tap.

Pruning

During the wintering period, the gerbera independently sheds withered leaves, therefore, no additional manipulation is required.

Air humidity

Gerbera loves spraying at least once a day. But the water should not get on the flower rosettes.

Top dressing

From February to April, gerberas are fed with fertilizers with a large amount of nitrogen. This helps build sufficient green mass. During flowering, the dressing is changed to one containing potassium, for the splendor of the flowers. From October to February, the plant is not fed. Decorative varieties of flowers that do not exceed 25 cm in height are very convenient in this regard.

The dosage indicated in the instructions is halved!

The soil

Gerbera loves acidified soil. It should be lightweight, freely permeable to air and moisture. You can choose a planting medium at a flower shop. The best option is a potting soil mixture for roses. If the owner wants to make the mixture with his own hands, he must be guided by the following rules:

  • Humus or compost must not be added to it.
  • It is important to observe the proportions: leaf turf, peat and coarse sand are taken in equal proportions. Sphagnum and small pieces of pine bark will not be superfluous.
  • The soil must be disinfected with special preparations or calcined in the oven.

Pot

If the owner wants to use an old pot for planting, it must be treated with a chlorine-containing cleaning agent, thoroughly rinsed and dried in the sun. Clay and ceramic are good air permeability. A pallet is required. The size is selected medium, in a large gerbera it will bloom poorly.

You can find out how to plant a gerbera here, and here they told how to transplant a gerbera after purchase.

More details about the rules for caring for a gerbera can be found in this material.

Diseases and pests

Causes of the disease:

  1. The appearance of pests.
  2. Lack of water or light.
  3. Bay.
  4. Excess light.
  5. Poor soil quality.

More information about room gerbera diseases can be found in this article.

Fungal diseases:

  1. Alternaria. It is characterized by the appearance of brown spots on the leaves and petioles: red-brown when the air is too humid, yellow when the air is too dry (why do gerbera leaves turn yellow, read this article). A velvety dark bloom on the stems is also possible. Treatment - treatment with a fungicide (for example, Ridomil Gold).
  2. Gray rot. A common cause of death of gerberas. Infection occurs through water or soil, characterized by the appearance of a gray bloom in the upper part of the plant. If the first signs of the disease are detected, you can try spraying with Fundazol or Rovral, but in most cases it will not be possible to save the plant.

    Important! The pathogen remains viable for a very long time - more than a year in the ground and plant debris, so it is better to immediately destroy the suspicious material.

  3. Powdery mildew. The disease affects young growth: it is covered alternately with milky white, then gray bloom and slowly dries out. The pathogenic microorganism can be airborne, so it is important to maintain a quarantine regime when buying a new plant. Gerbera is rescued by fungicides Fundazol, Topaz.
  4. If the plant begins to wither sharply, and large depressed spots are found on the leaves, it was struck sclerotinosis. This is due to an excess of moisture and overfeeding with organic fertilizers.

    Prevention: correct cultivation techniques. Change the substrate and reduce the frequency of watering. Fungicide for treatment - Vitaros.

  5. Drying leaves (first from the outside, then from the inside of the outlet), dropping the flower and rotting roots indicate a lesion by late blight. This disease is most common in indoor plants. Disease prevention: correctly selected substrate (aerated and loose), moderate watering. Medicines - Previkur, Gold or Ridomil.
  6. Cucumber mosaic. The plant develops necrosis: yellow-green spots that appear on the leaves gradually deform them. This disease is tolerated by aphids. Plants are especially defenseless at the end of the growing season. It cannot be cured, therefore, preventive actions for inspection and treatment with insecticides should be regular.

Pests

  1. Spider mite.
  2. Aphid.
  3. Whitefly.

All three species suck the sap out of the plant and multiply rapidly.

Treatment according to the following scheme:

  1. Pests and larvae are collected by hand.
  2. The plant is washed under a warm shower.
  3. Sprayed with soap or onion solution.
  4. It is treated with Aktellik, Neoron or other insecticide 2-3 times in a row.

Reproduction methods

Reproduction needs to be done in the summer. - these are the best days for rooting and plant survival.

  1. Seeds. When choosing this method of flowering, you will have to wait 10-11 months. Sowing is carried out from March to May. The seeds are coarsed into the soil mixture by half a centimeter, sprinkled with sand on top, after the appearance of the third leaf, the shoots are cut into separate pots.

    Important! You need to buy seeds from a trusted supplier, otherwise the result may be very different from the picture on the package.

  2. Cuttings. Planting material is taken from a plant no older than three years. A part of the stem, which has a knot and one or two leaves, is cut off with a sharp knife, powdered with crushed charcoal and placed in moistened soil. The landing box is covered with glass or plastic wrap, and for a week and a half it is placed in a warm, dark place (the temperature should be at least 20 degrees).The film is removed daily for ventilation. The emerging shoots are transplanted into prepared pots.
  3. By dividing the bush. Flowering, as well as when planting seeds, will have to wait a long time - about a year. The top layer of the substrate above the mother plant (3-4 years old) is carefully removed. The exposed rhizome is cut so as to divide it into two parts. The section is covered with abundant dry earth and coal. New roots are waiting for a month. After their appearance, the gerbera is finally separated and seated in separate vessels.

You can read more about gerbera breeding here.

Conclusion

In the ranking of the most popular flowers for creating bouquets, gerbera occupies an honorable fifth place. For more than a dozen years, it has been grown as a pot culture, developing new varieties. How long the gerbera will delight its owner depends on his perseverance and efforts, which, however, pay off with dashing.


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Comments:

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