For people who are engaged in vegetable growing on their personal plot, it is extremely important to be able to preserve the fruits of their labor.
Very often, especially novices in gardening, they ask the question of how best to store carrots and beets in the winter? Carrots belong to this type of vegetable crops, the keeping quality of which is low.
Therefore, when organizing the storage of carrots for the winter, everything is important - from the choice of the variety and the technology for preparing the crop for storage, to the arrangement of storage places.
How to store carrots for the winter? Among the methods that are intended for storing carrots, each gardener will find his own, most preferable for him. But first, you need to prepare for this and decide when and how to remove carrots from the garden for storage, adhering to the correct technology. First, we decide on the timing of cleaning.
Despite the fact that this root crop can withstand slight frosts, it should not be overexposed in the garden. However, harvesting vegetables too early reduces the consumer qualities of the root crop, preventing it from gaining a sufficient amount of sugars.
And vice versa - too long stay in the garden makes it possible to accumulate sugars in large quantities, which makes the root crop very attractive to rodents during further storage.
Therefore, harvesting should be scheduled at a time when the lower 2-3 tops of the tops began to acquire a yellow color - such roots already have good consumer qualities, but will be the least attractive to pests.
Before harvesting, for several days, the garden with root crops is not watered, and when digging, they use a pitchfork that has blunt teeth - this way you will avoid damaging the vegetables.
From this stage, the preparation of carrots begins before storing for the winter. You should not clean carrots from clods of soil by hitting root crops against each other, this entails damage to vegetables and reduces their shelf life.
Cooling root crops immediately after digging is equally important. This usually happens for 1-2 days, until the temperature of vegetable products drops by +1.5 degrees. Timely cooling increases the efficiency of the preservation of root crops.
You can cool in the air if the outside temperature is low enough. But at the same time, it is necessary to monitor the presence of frost so that the temperature of the root crops does not drop below 0 degrees - the frozen vegetables will rot. Cooling in the refrigerator compartment gives a good result, if possible.
Usually, it is enough to stand at the outside temperature for a time when the vegetables are dried, cleaned of soil clods and the tops are trimmed.
Processing carrots before storage consists in the fact that first the tops are trimmed as close as possible to the head of the root crop. This type of pruning allows you to remove buds that can later grow. Immediately lay out the roots to dry, and then clean them of the ground with your hands, being careful not to damage them.
After that, root crops are sorted, separating good, healthy specimens from damaged ones and having various defects. Some vegetable growers also use such a method of cutting tops as cutting 0.5-1 cm of the top of the root crop itself.
If this method is used, then the vegetables should be allowed to stand for some time before laying in the main storage location - until the top cut is covered with a crust. Otherwise, the roots will start to rot soon.
Rejected specimens can be processed and stored in a form already prepared for further use. How to keep carrots for the winter? To do this, use the following methods:
- Drying carrots at home.
- Freezing carrots for the winter at home.
- Drying carrots for the winter at home.
- Canning carrots (how to store carrots in jars, cellar and refrigerator?).
Each of these methods will allow the storage of ready-to-eat root crops for a long time, allowing you to preserve all the nutritional qualities of vegetables, although it requires a lot of labor and additional space in the apartment.
Good quality specimens that have no visible defects are stored in a variety of ways.
How to store carrots? Ways to store carrots for the winter:
- Storing carrots at home (in an apartment).
- Storing carrots in the cellar (in the basement).
- Storing carrots in the garden.
Depending on what area a vegetable grower has for organizing storage, a place is chosen. How to store carrots for the winter?
Read more about ways to store carrots for a long time both in the cellar and without it, as well as which varieties are better suited for this, read here.
How to properly store carrots for the winter? There are no definite recommendations on how best to store carrots for the winter and where. The determining factors for long-term preservation of the crop is compliance with:
- choosing a variety of root crops;
- adherence to training technology;
- temperature regime;
- humidity mode;
- lack of excess oxygen supply;
- protection from pests.
For long-term storage throughout the winter, late-ripening varieties show the best performance. It can be Moscow winter and Shantane. But early ripening varieties show poor keeping quality.
At what temperature should carrots be stored in winter? Temperature conditions are very important. At temperatures that approach zero, metabolism will slow down up to 10 times, which guarantees long-term preservation of root crops. The best temperature should not exceed +10 degrees Celsius. However, it is better to maintain it at a level of +1 - +2 degrees - at a temperature of more than +5 degrees, the kidneys that have not been removed can begin to grow.
No less important is the observance of the humidity regime in storage areas. It should be at the level of 90-95%. Lower humidity will lead to premature wilting of root crops, and higher humidity will cause them to rot. What is the best way to store carrots for the winter?
How long should carrots be stored? The shelf life of carrots is classified in various ways as follows:
- in plastic bags if stored in a refrigerator - from 1 to 2 months (how to store carrots in the refrigerator?);
- in a cellar in closed boxes - up to 5-8 months;
- in the cellar in coniferous sawdust or in a clay shell - until the next harvest;
- in a cellar in the sand - 6-8 months;
- in the garden until the next harvest.
This is in conditions if the pests will be limited in the ability to eat root crops. To prevent them from having such an opportunity, the following measures should be taken:
- set up traps with bait;
- place scarers;
- process the vegetable store and storage areas accordingly.
As another tip, avoid storing carrots and apples in the same room, this will allow you to keep the roots longer.
It also remains a controversial issue whether it is possible to store carrots with potatoes..
Causes of damage
Why do carrots rot during storage? There can be several reasons for rotting carrots during storage:
- storage of damaged copies;
- sharp fluctuations in temperature;
- excess moisture;
- non-compliance with storage technology.
That is why you should very carefully adhere to the technology of preparing root crops for storage, starting from the moment you dig up vegetables. Since this type of root crop is very easily damaged by any blows, you should not knock vegetables off the ground, throw them from place to place.
Such damage will be barely noticeable, but later it will become the place where the root crop itself begins to rot and the remaining root crops nearby are infected with fungal diseases.
A sharp change in temperature during storage leads to the formation of condensation - this gives an impetus to decay of root crops. Storage locations such as bags made of polyethylene are particularly susceptible to this. To eliminate condensation, it is necessary to provide for holes in the bottom of the bags.
Even a slight freezing of root crops, which can occur even at a temperature of -1 degrees, will lead to subsequent rotting of root crops.
Excessive, as well as insufficient, moisture, shortens the shelf life of root crops. Therefore, it is important to maintain it at the proper level - if it is insufficient, by additional humidification, and if it is excessive, by transferring it to another room, but avoiding temperature fluctuations.
Often non-observance of storage technology leads to excessive formation of carbon dioxide. Carbon dioxide has a negative effect on the storage conditions of root crops, therefore, it is necessary to follow the storage technology chosen by the vegetable grower as closely as possible.
How to save carrots damaged by a carrot fly? Carrot fly is one of those pests that damage root crops even at the stage of their cultivation.... She is a real disaster for all gardeners. Unfortunately, storage of root crops damaged by carrot flies is only possible in processed form.
Sometimes a method is used to remove damaged areas and then allow the vegetables to stand in the air until the area is covered with a crust. However, the shelf life of such vegetables will be significantly reduced.
Therefore, it is better to subject such root crops to immediate processing - drying, drying, freezing or canning. Moreover, modern technology, which is used at home, allows you to do this in the best way.
Bookmark in vegetable stores
How to store large quantities of beets and carrots for the winter. Vegetable stores are used to organize the storage of large batches of root crops. And since large consignments are delivered to vegetable stores, as a rule, after mechanized harvesting, the most thorough sorting of root crops should be carried out.
Storing beets and carrots for the winter with the greatest efficiency will help the ruthless removal of damaged, broken, uneven or emaciated specimens from the mass. Modern vegetable stores allow you to maintain the required temperature and humidity conditions.
How to store carrots in winter storage? Usually, carrots are stored in vegetable stores in herds or in special containers. It is desirable that the height of such herds does not exceed 2-3 meters.
If storage is organized in special containers or pallets, then the height of the stack should not be exceeded by more than 5.5 m. In this case, it is necessary:
- carry out constant ventilation of the room;
- cover root crops with burlap;
- take measures to maintain high humidity.
To increase the air humidity in the room, containers with water are placed, and spraying of the upper layers of root crops that are in the open air is also used, spilling the passages with water. However, the best performance is shown by vegetable stores, which are equipped with refrigeration equipment.
Unfortunately, such equipment has a high cost, therefore, the organization of carrot storage using modern technologies is still carried out in very few farms. The rest will have to come to terms with the loss of the crop, up to 30% of which does not reach the consumer due to damage.
Now you know how to keep carrots until spring. Root vegetables such as carrots are considered the most difficult vegetable crop to store. Therefore, it is extremely important to adhere to the technology of all stages of organizing storage, and then for a long time this delicious root vegetable grown by yourself will be on your table.