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Pelargonium, due to its unpretentiousness and spectacular appearance, remains one of the most popular gardeners' choices. This plant belongs to the Geranium family, more than 300 species of pelargonium are distinguished, they are mainly represented by herbaceous perennials, but shrubs and succulents are also found.
Further in the article, information is provided on the properties of pelargonium, the benefits and harms to the body, it is described what diseases can be treated with the help of this plant.
Pelargonium is a plant with high biological activity, it contains up to 500 different chemical components.
The characteristic smell of plants of the genus Pelargonium is explained by the high content of geraniol - an alcohol, a representative of terpenoids. This volatile substance has antibacterial properties and is also widely used in the cosmetics and perfumery industries.
The following substances can be distinguished in the leaves:
- essential oils;
- terpene alcohols;
- tannic acids;
- organic acids;
- vitamins (high percentage of calcium content);
Stems contain phenolic compounds that perform structural, protective and signaling functions, as well as participate in the processes of respiration and photosynthesis; they also release hemicellulose, starch and sucrose.
Pelargonium roots contain large amounts of phenols... Phenolic compounds are found in many medicinal plants, they have antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial and neuroprotective effects.
The benefits and harms of a plant in the house
Pelargonium is one of the most favorable indoor plants. However, there are contraindications for breeding it at home. The most important of them is the presence of allergies.
Pelargonium is a powerful allergen that can cause symptoms such as watery eyes, runny nose, cough, and even life-threatening Quincke's edema. In addition, the flowers of this plant have a specific pungent smell that not everyone will like.
Pelargonium tops the list of the most phytoallergenic indoor plants and can cause dangerous symptoms.
It should be noted that an allergic reaction can also occur to those types of pelargonium that do not bloom and do not form pollen. The reason for intolerance in this case is phytoncides, which are found in large quantities in the leaves. Phytoncides are volatile biologically active substances formed by plants that inhibit the growth and development of bacteria.
Allergic manifestations and essential oils in the composition of pelargonium, which have the ability to repel ticks and insects. The reasons may also be the individual characteristics of the human body, for example, genetic predisposition, chronic respiratory diseases and infection with helminths.
However, pelargonium has many positive characteristics. First of all, this is an aesthetic component. Particularly popular is grandiflora, which is called "noble" because of its large flowers; the ivy-leaved pelargonium has picturesquely hanging shoots, the zonal one has patterned inflorescences, and the butterfly one resembles butterflies in the shape of flowers.
A lot of sunlight is needed for abundant flowering. Pelargonium is famous for its bright scent. The “scented pelargonium” species exudes an aroma that combines notes of rose, mint and lemon.
Poisonous culture or not?
The most popular choice for breeding is aromatic pelargonium., the danger of this variety lies in essential oils. Although the plant has phytoncidal properties, it can cause allergies. Pelargonium is harmless; there is no poison in the stems and leaves, as well as in the flowers. It can be taken orally - you can find flower teas in pharmacies. However, pelargonium has the ability to accumulate poisons from the environment.
Pelargonium can be toxic to pets such as rabbits, hares, hamsters, and guinea pigs.
Useful properties and recipes for the preparation of medicinal products
This plant has many healing effects.:
- anti-inflammatory (treatment of boils, ulcers);
- regenerating (heals cuts, burns);
The leaves contain a high concentration of essential oils, in terms of the amount and properties of phytoncides, pelargonium is not inferior to onions and garlic, therefore it is used in the treatment of colds.
Healing substances are obtained from flowers and leaves, from which medicinal extracts, oils, decoctions, water and alcohol tinctures are made.
- The broth is used to wash the throat, nasal passages, oral cavity for stomatitis and to relieve toothache.
- Compresses from crushed fresh leaves are applied to the damage.
- Pelargonium juice is also used for cosmetic purposes, it moisturizes the skin, strengthens hair prone to hair loss.
Where is the extract used, how is it prepared?
The extract from this plant is used in gynecology in the treatment of infertility, to stop intrauterine bleeding and also to reduce benign tumors in the ovaries. The extract from the root of Pelargonium sida is included in the composition of drugs intended for the treatment:
- frontal sinusitis;
- sore throats;
- otitis media;
- other respiratory diseases.
According to the results of research by scientists at the Munich Center, it is capable of inactivating HIV-1. In addition, the extract of the aerial part has a pronounced antioxidant activity and can be used in the treatment of alcoholic liver damage.
An aqueous extract from the roots of pelargonium is used to stop internal bleeding, as well as to prevent the destruction of blood vessels.
- medium-sized roots 3-4 pcs;
- drinking water 1 l.
- Rinse the roots, dry, chop finely.
- Pour the chopped roots with cold water and boil for half an hour.
- Allow the resulting broth to cool.
- Filter through a mesh cloth, squeeze out the pulp thoroughly.
Application: during periods of exacerbation of the disease, take orally every half hour.
Treatment of ailments
- fresh leaf 1 pc .;
- drinking water 250 ml.
- Finely chop the sheet, pour boiling water over it.
- Insist for 20 minutes.
Application: take a decoction of 100 ml before meals twice a day.
- dry leaves 1-2 pcs.;
- drinking water 250 ml.
- Chop the leaves, pour boiling water in a glass dish.
- Simmer in a water bath for 15 minutes.
- Drain the broth into a separate bowl, separate the mass from the crushed leaves, cool.
Application: apply gruel to inflamed areas.
- 3 fresh leaves;
- Wash and dry the leaves.
- Chop finely to a gruel consistency.
- Wrap the resulting mass in cheesecloth, squeeze out the juice.
- Before the procedure, clean the ears from the wax.
- 1-2 drops in each ear.
- 2 tsp crushed leaves;
- drinking water 500 ml.
- Boil water, cool to room temperature.
- Cover the leaves with water.
- Insist 8 hours.
Application: use in small quantities during the day.
Contraindications and risks
There are the following contraindications:
- pregnancy, feeding period;
- gastrointestinal diseases (exacerbation of peptic ulcer disease, gastritis);
- an allergic reaction to substances in the plant;
- thrombophlebitis (increased blood viscosity);
- individual intolerance;
- elderly age.
Pelargonium is unpretentious, in the absence of contraindications, it is safe for breeding at home, it is widely used as a means of traditional medicine. Precautions must be taken when in contact with this plant. The presented material is not a direct recommendation for treatment. Before using any of the medicinal recipes and methods described in the article, be sure to consult your doctor.