The magnificent splendor of flowers of the Pelargonium genus: the rules and nuances of growing and caring for home

The magnificent splendor of flowers of the Pelargonium genus: the rules and nuances of growing and caring for home

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For the successful cultivation of pelargonium at home, it is necessary to strictly follow a number of rules, which include lighting, timely watering, and high-quality feeding.

When these conditions are met, the flower will not be exposed to diseases, but it will be able to delight its owners with lush and abundant flowering.

Further in the article, the nuances of caring for pelargonium are described, a photo of a flower is given, it is told about diseases and pests.

Features of growing room culture

Indoor pelargonium does not tolerate shading. An indispensable condition for the rich color of flowers and foliage of a plant is 12-hour daylight hours. With a lack of lighting, the stems of pelargonium stretch out, become thinner, the leaves are crushed, and the intensity of flowering decreases significantly. In the cold season, when the period of short daylight comes, the plant begins to urgently need additional lighting with special phytolamps.

Pelargonium is known for its thermophilic qualities.... In summer, the optimal temperature regime for it is in the range from 24 to 28 degrees. In winter, the flower in the apartment is at rest. For this, starting from November, it is necessary to ensure the ambient temperature in the range of 12-16 degrees. For this purpose, it is recommended to constantly ventilate the rooms.

When carrying out the procedure for lowering the temperature, drafts must not be allowed.

The procedure for caring for a crop from the Pelargonium genus of the Geraniev family provides for three times of watering for a week. It is recommended to irrigate at a time when the top layer of the earth has dried at a depth of 2 cm. An excess of liquid can cause the formation of root rot. In the cool season, the number of waterings is reduced to 1 time per week.

If the flowerpot is located in close proximity to the central heating radiator, then watering is carried out as the soil dries out.

Indoor pelargonium responds well to spraying, although it can do without it. It is recommended to use only warm water for irrigation... The following types are suitable:

  • defended;
  • thawed;
  • rain.

Impurities in tap water can negatively affect the condition of the flower's leaves. Therefore, to improve its quality, it is recommended to carry out the following procedure:

  1. Pour 2 handfuls of peat into 1 bucket of liquid.
  2. Insist 2 days, thereby achieving precipitation of harmful impurities and volatilization of chlorine.
  3. The settled water is poured into a separate container, leaving 1/5 of the total volume in the bucket. This liquid is not suitable for spraying and watering.

Step-by-step instructions for planting and transplanting a flower

Pelargonium grown from seedlings will delight with its flowering throughout the warm season until the onset of a short daylight hours.

From germination to bud setting, it usually takes about 5 months. Therefore, it is recommended to start planting as early as January. The deadline is considered to be the beginning of March.

How to apply pelargonium seeds correctly:

  1. Before sowing the planting material, it must be soaked in warm water for a day, after disinfecting it with a light solution of manganese.
  2. Loose and nutritious soil can be made from peat, turf and sand. The ratio is 1: 2: 1. A week before use, it must be spilled with boiling water.
  3. It is better to place the seed in separate pots. In order to avoid the dive process.
  4. Pelargonium seeds are placed in the soil to a depth of 0.5-1 cm.
  5. Then they are sprinkled with soil mixture and sprayed with warm water from a spray bottle.
  6. Cover the pots with plastic wrap and place in a warm, dark place.
  7. Every day the shelter is removed, airing the ground for several minutes. Moreover, as it dries, it must be irrigated.
  8. After 1-2 weeks, seedlings appear, which should be watered after the top layer dries, and when 2 independent leaves appear, the plants are planted in separate containers.
  9. After 10 days, nitrogen-containing fertilizers are applied, and after the appearance of 5 true leaves, a complex mineral fertilizing is applied.

Changing the place of residence for pelargonium is considered a traumatic process, associated with certain risks to its existence. If you do something wrong, the flower may die.

Pelargonium needs an immediate transplant for the following reasons:

  • a significant increase in size, which leads to the growth of the root system and its inability to fit in the previous pot;
  • gradual depletion of the soil, loss of nutrients required for normal development and growth;
  • yellowing and wilting of the plant associated with the development of root rot;
  • lack of growth and flowering due to improperly selected substrate.

In addition to emerging emergency reasons, there is a natural need for a pelargonium transplant. To create high-quality conditions for growth and flowering, this must be done up to 3 times a year.

In the cold season, you should refrain from this procedure. In summer, the flower is less susceptible to stress and the change in the place of growth is not perceived as painful for them. You also need to remember that you can not transplant flowering pelargonium.

The main points of preparation include:

  • choice of a pot;
  • selection of a substrate;
  • preparation of the plant itself.

You should also stock up on drainage, standing water and flower-growing tools.

Pelargonium transplant at home looks like this:

  1. Drainage is placed in the new slide, which can be pieces of broken brick or expanded clay.
  2. A layer of substrate is laid on top.
  3. The plant, held by the base, is removed from the old container. To do this, turn the container over and gently pull it towards you.
  4. The root system is cleaned of dry or spoiled elements with scissors.
  5. The flower is placed in the center of the new pot and sprinkled with soil. It is not recommended to tamp the earth layer.
  6. This is followed by thorough watering.

After transplanting, during the first 3 months, it is better to refuse feeding.

How to Care: Care Tips for Beginners

Royal pelargonium at home requires special care. Even an experienced grower will have to make significant efforts to make the flower grow and bloom.

Watering and feeding

In spring and summer, royal pelargonium should be watered 2 times a day through a tray. The amount of liquid is measured based on 50 ml per plant... Water is defended in advance by storing it in the same room as the flower itself, so that the temperature corresponds to room temperature. For this purpose, use only boiled or rain liquid.

Attention... Royal pelargonium is not sprayed.

In the cold season, the frequency of watering decreases. The procedure is carried out once a day when the top layer of the soil mixture dries out.

Top dressing of this plant in the summer season is carried out according to the following scheme:

  • mineral fertilizers are applied once a week;
  • 4 weeks before flowering begins to add fertilizers containing potassium and phosphorus;
  • young plants are fed with special complexes that do not contain organic matter.

In winter, royal pelargonium does not need feeding.

A photo

The following are photos of the plant:

Possible problems

Improper care can lead to the development of diseases, lack of flowering, or even defeat by various pests.

The plant does not bloom

Pelargonium does not bloom for various reasons. In most cases, the process is affected by frequent care errors. These include:

  • incorrectly selected temperature regime - warm wintering or cool summer must not be allowed;
  • lack of lighting - Pelargonium should be provided with phytolamps;
  • very large pot, in which the plant begins to build up leaf mass, forgetting about flowering - you need to choose a suitable container;
  • lack of nutrition - provide correct feeding with the appropriate elements;
  • untimely pruning - in spring, the procedure postpones flowering for a year, in order to avoid the problem, the deadlines should be observed.

Pests and diseases

Diseases and pests pose a greater danger to royal pelargoniums compared to other species.

The most common of them are considered:

  • Eden - a decrease in air humidity and an increase in the gap between irrigations is required.
  • Gray rot - to save the plant, watering is stopped for 10 days, the affected parts are removed and treated with a fungicide.
  • Rust - removal of diseased foliage will help. Limiting watering to 1 time per week and spraying with a fungicide.
  • Late blight - transplanting a flower into a new soil. In this case, the pot is treated with a manganese solution, and the plant itself is treated with an insecticide.
  • Powdery mildew - the affected leaves are removed, the bush is powdered with sulfur.

The main pests that inhibit the flowering of a representative of the Geraniev family:

  • spider mites;
  • caterpillars;
  • aphid;
  • ticks;
  • whitefly;
  • thrips.

To combat them, insecticides and acaricides are successfully used. With a minor lesion, a single treatment can be dispensed with... If it is strong, the procedure will need to be repeated.

Pelargonium grown at home requires compliance with all the subtleties and nuances of care. Otherwise, it will be exposed to disease and attack by insect pests.

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