We are searching data for your request:
Upon completion, a link will appear to access the found materials.
Phalaenopsis is unpretentious in care. Transplanting it into a new pot is also quite simple. But the transshipment process is slightly different from transplanting the usual geranium or ficus.
Let's figure out how to transplant an orchid without harming it. The article describes how to properly transplant an orchid at different periods of a plant's life, and also teaches you to determine when exactly a flower needs a transplant.
When does a plant need a transplant?
If the plant has a healthy root system, there is no suspicion of the presence of pests, there are no signs of decay of the bark, then replanting the plant is outside the flowering period in spring. A clear sign of the unsuitableness of the substrate is the smell of mold. The bark must be replaced if, after watering, the flowerpot began to weigh much more than before.
Reference. Under normal conditions, changing a pot to a larger one should not be more than once every two years. The optimal period for transshipment is the time of active development of the root system and leaves. Usually such a spurt occurs after the spring.
Phalaenopsis should not be disturbed during flowering if its condition does not require an emergency transplant.
In winter, the plant enters a dormant period, the growth of the root system slows down significantly, new leaves do not appear in the outlet. This is not the best time for transshipment. In summer, all the forces of the phalaenopsis go to fight the hot and dry climate, so a transplant can even destroy the flower.
Repotting before, after and during flowering - what's the difference?
The process of transplanting phalaenopsis itself consists of standard stages, therefore there is no difference in transplanting a flowering or faded plant.
The transshipment of blooming phalaenopsis is an emergency measure to save a flower. A plant that is ready to bloom or is in bloom may shed its buds or flowers and slow down further growth. Therefore, if possible, a flowering plant should not be disturbed.
A faded orchid that enters a dormant state is also not worth replanting. But if there is a need for this (decomposition of the bark, disease of the roots), then the transplant should be carried out in the same way as working with a flower that has entered the period of active growth. The only difference is peduncle pruning.
Attention! You should not cut off the green peduncle - children or new buds can form on it. A dry arrow can be completely cut off. If the peduncle is partially dry, then only the dry part should be cut off.
How to carry out the procedure step by step?
For transplanting, you need to buy bark or a ready-made substrate, a new flowerpot, charcoal in advance. If there is a suspicion of the presence of pests or a fungal disease, it is worth taking care of the presence of the appropriate chemicals.
To transplant an orchid you will need:
- A new pot, which should be two fingers taller and wider than the previous container. For an orchid, it is better to choose a transparent flowerpot. So the roots will receive the necessary sunlight, and the owner will be able to organize timely watering.
- Substrate for orchids or bark. The substrate can be made independently from sphagnum and pine bark.
- Stationery knife or scissors. A pruner for indoor flowers is also suitable.
- Alcohol for disinfecting instruments.
- Charcoal for processing cuts.
Extracting from a flower from a pot
Carefully remove the plant from the pot. If the container was too small, then the roots could grow into the drainage holes or tightly attach to the ground (practically grow into it). It is better to place a pot with such a plant in a bowl of warm water for half an hour beforehand. The plastic container can be slightly wrinkled before removing the plant.
You should remove the flowerpot as carefully as possible so as to injure the roots as little as possible and not break off the leaves. The orchid needs to be grasped by the trunk with your hand, and then carefully remove the container with scrolling movements of the second hand.
Important! If the orchid's pot is made of thin plastic, then it can be carefully cut with a clerical knife. This is the most gentle flower extraction.
Flushing and inspection of the root system
- When the orchid is freed from the flowerpot, the root system must be cleaned of old bark and moss. If the plant has appeared in the house recently, then special attention should be paid to the presence of foam rubber, moss or a bark tree under the root neck. The dense clumps of these materials allow stores to reduce their orchid care costs.
At home, such additions can lead to excessive waterlogging and death of the flower. It is not uncommon to see the plastic cup in which the orchid was grown among the roots. This element, if not removed in time, will also lead to the death of the phalaenopsis.
- The next step is to rinse the orchid roots for 20 minutes. During this time, the old substrate will soften and separate from the roots. If a piece of bark has not gone away, then it is better to leave it.
- After washing, you need to carefully examine the roots, leaves, and the neck of the flower to identify problems.
What if pests and problems are found?
All rotten, dry ends of the roots are cut off with a pruner, knife or scissors, pre-treated with alcohol. It is worth removing the strings not covered with velamen. Fresh cuts are treated with charcoal.
- If pests were found during the transplant, then the plant must be treated with an insecticide.
- If the onset of a fungal disease is detected, a fungicide must be used.
- If, for some reason, when transplanting a diseased flower in the pot, the same soil remains, then it must also be treated with the indicated chemicals, but it is better in such cases to replace the bark completely.
Transplanting into a new pot and soil
- A drainage layer is laid out at the bottom of the flowerpot.
- The bottom layer is covered with a small amount of substrate or bark.
- The orchid is taken by the trunk and placed in a pot on top of the bark. If, in this position, the root collar is below the level of the rim of the pot, then the plant is pulled out and more bark is added.
- Holding the phalaenopsis by the trunk, the substrate is poured on the sides, filling all the space between the roots and the pot. When planting an orchid, you should not try to fit all the aerial roots into a container.
- If the transplanted orchid had a peduncle, the last step is to strengthen the support for it and fix the boom with a clamp.
In the video below, you can see how to transplant an orchid:
Next, you can look at the photo of the transplanted plant:
Proper care of the transplanted plant at first
- After transplanting, there is no need to water the phalaenopsis immediately.
Reference. The first watering can be done on the fourth day after transplanting. During this time, the places of the cuts on the roots are tightened, the penetration of infection with water becomes impossible. But it is necessary to moisturize the leaves of the flower during this period.
- Root and leaf fertilization should not be started earlier than one month after transplanting. If, when replacing the pot, the flower was planted in a new substrate, then feeding can be postponed for a longer period.
- If during transplantation pests or fungi were identified, then the flower should be isolated from other plants (quarantined for two to three weeks).
- At first, it is better to keep the temperature in the room, which was before the transplant.
- If watering was carried out by immersing the flowerpot in warm water before transshipment, then this method should be retained after the operation.
- Do not water the plant with tap water.
Phalaenopsis easily tolerates a transplant and recovers very quickly. The main thing is to carefully prepare for the process, to carry out the work as accurately as possible. The less damage the orchid receives, the easier it will endure the traumatic procedure. A correctly performed transplant guarantees the subsequent lush flowering.