The Guinness World Record holder is the largest orchid in the world. How to grow at home?

The Guinness World Record holder is the largest orchid in the world. How to grow at home?

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There are many interesting, unusual plants in the world that delight the eye and attract attention.

But this gigantic flower is simply amazing. He lives in Indonesia, in the Bogor Botanical Garden on the same large ficus plant.

The features of a giant plant, ways of caring for it and the possibilities of growing at home will be discussed in this article.

What it looks like: description and photo

The largest in the world is the orchid of the species Grammatophyllum speciosumbelonging to the variety Tigrovye. The appearance of the plant resembles a cane, therefore this orchid is popularly called sugar cane. For her tall growth - she reaches 7.62 m, she was entered in the Guinness Book of Records, and for her impressive appearance and beauty - she was awarded the title of Queen of Orchids.

The flowers of this plant have a characteristic yellow color with brownish-red spots. The color is very bright, attracting attention, "predatory", so the plant was named "Tiger Orchid".

Reference! Each inflorescence reaches up to 3 m in length, and the diameter of its constituent flowers is up to 15 cm. One inflorescence can have from 60 to 100 such flowers.

They are located so close to each other that they seem to be one. The giant orchid weighs about 2,000 kg... It does not bloom every year, but the flowering period can last several months, depending on the care and conditions of detention. Orchids have a lifespan of up to 50 years.

See photos of Grammatophyllum speciosum:

Where does it grow and where does it come from?

According to the Guinness Book of Records, the largest orchid grows in the Bogor Botanical Garden near the capital of Indonesia - Jakarta. In the natural environment, this species also grows in Malaysia, Thailand, Laos, Vietnam, it can be found on:

  • The Philippines;
  • Sumatra;
  • the islands of Borneo and Bismarck.

This plant loves a humid tropical climate and chooses higher places.preferring to live in forests or in open areas at the forks of trees. The height of such an area above sea level is usually about 1000-1200 m.

Is it possible to buy such a variety and grow at home, how much will it cost?

You can buy this orchid variety in large specialized stores or on the websites of online stores. On the open spaces of the Runet, you can also find many private announcements.

Attention! When buying a giant orchid on the Internet, you can easily become a victim of scammers. For a high price, you can get something completely different from what you expected.

It is better to buy plants in specialized greenhouses, where experienced sellers will help you choose an orchid for growing at home, and explain how to properly care for it.

In greenhouses, flowers are usually more viable than imported in stores.... The cost of a Tiger Orchid grown in a greenhouse depends on the age of the plant, the time of its flowering and the method of delivery. The price ranges from 890 to 4,000 rubles.

You can grow this flower indoors. Of course, it will not grow to the same size as in the natural environment, but it will look very impressive and will undoubtedly decorate your home. Growing a Tiger Orchid at home is a challenge. To preserve the viability of this rare plant, certain rules must be followed.

Subtleties and features of care

  1. To successfully grow this exotic plant, you first need to set up the right lighting. The orchid loves when there is a lot of light, but at the same time the light should not be direct, but diffused. Direct sunlight can cause leaves to fall off.

    For the lighting to be correct, the following conditions must be met:

    • in summer and spring, on hot sunny days, dim the light from the windows with a film or mesh fixed to the glass;
    • in the fall, during the so-called dormant period, it is not necessary to darken the light;
    • if the daylight hours lasts less than 12 hours, you need to compensate for this with artificial lighting.
  2. The next important rule is to maintain the required temperature. This plant is accustomed to warm tropical climates, so the room temperature should be at least 20 ° C.
  3. The giant orchid loves moisture, it needs not only to be watered regularly, but also to be sprayed. Therefore, this plant is watered in several ways:
    • Water the soil from a watering can with a scattering spout.
    • They give the plant a warm shower.
    • Immersed for a while in a tray with water.
    • Sprayed.

    When watering an orchid, you must first of all pay attention to the moisture content of the soil. Watering too often can cause root rot, and if there is a lack of moisture, the plant can die.

  4. To prevent the grown plant from overturning the pot, heavy stones are usually placed in it to counterbalance.
  5. After the end of the flowering phase, the orchid is usually cut off, leaving only a small stump from the shoot at the base. The cut site is treated with beeswax.
  6. Before the buds of the orchid begin to bloom, you need to prepare a reliable support for the inflorescences, otherwise the plant may be injured. A wooden base with clamps is best for this. Heavy inflorescences will lie on the support and grow in its direction. You can also use any available means to support the plant.

Difficulties and problems when growing at home

  1. The main difficulty in growing this plant is its large size. Finding a suitable pot for such a flower can be quite difficult.
  2. You can only transplant an orchid if the roots no longer fit in the pot. The plant tolerates this procedure very badly, and it is not worth doing it again.
  3. In addition, the orchid needs to create special conditions, sometimes causing inconvenience. For example, in summer and spring, you need to cover the windows with films to dim the sunlight, since the leaves will wrinkle with excessive light.
  4. At the same time, with a lack of light, another problem arises: the leaves begin to fall off. Lack of lighting needs to be replenished with lamps.
  5. The natural environment for these plants is a warm and humid tropical climate. Therefore, in autumn and winter, you need to monitor the temperature regime.
  6. And be careful with airing the room, as the orchid does not like drafts.

Before purchasing such an unusual flower, weigh well the pros and cons, study its features and rules of care. A plant, like all living things, requires attention and care. Surround him with love, help him adapt to the new environment. And this miracle of nature will delight you for a long time with bright green leaves and exotic flowers.

Watch the video: 10 animals with guinness world records (May 2022).


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