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Unpretentious indoor geranium - description, types and varieties with photos, features of care and reproduction

Unpretentious indoor geranium - description, types and varieties with photos, features of care and reproduction


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Breeders never cease to amaze with the variety of geranium species. Red, white, pink - you can list for a long time what tones the inflorescences are colored with.

The leaves are even, with wavy edges, dissected, with a pronounced border. Here you can list for a long time. But one thing unites them - unpretentious content. Let's look at some of the varieties and features of care.

Brief botanical description of the plant

Geranium (Geranium) is a genus of perennial grasses of the geranium family. The leaves are dissected or lobed, with stipules. Flowers with a large bright corolla. The long leaflets of the fruit are capsule-like. When ripe, they twist from the bottom up in an arc-like manner, scattering the seeds at the same time.

Varieties and types: descriptions with names and photos

There are 400 types of geraniums. By height, the shrub is divided into two groups: tall (above 50 cm), undersized (10-50 cm). Below are the popular varieties and varieties of plants with names, descriptions and photos.

Zonal

The famous geranium among flower growers is zonal or bordered. It got this name due to the dark stripe on the leaf plate, which forms a kind of border. Often there are specimens with pink, purple, white inflorescences. There are hybrids:

  • simple - five-petal;
  • semi-double - 6-8 petals;
  • terry - 8 petals.

Rosaceae

The next species is not inferior in beauty to the zonal - rosaceous geranium. Based on the name of its inflorescences are miniature roses. They can be one tone or two. The edges of the small umbrellas that form the inflorescences can be wavy or even. Rosy geranium is either double or densely double.

Tulip

Tulip geranium has flowers no more than 1.5 cm in size. Lush inflorescences of 20 - 40 pieces. The buds of this geranium never fully open because of this they look like small tulips. This group includes tall and dwarf varieties.

Cactus

No less amazing geraniums are considered cactus. The appearance of this species was noted in the 20th century. Complicated inflorescence with needle-like petals, resembling a cactus... The petals can have a three-color red - white - green color, there are also solid white, pink ones. The bush is 20-30 cm in size.

Royal

There is a species that is distinguished by large flowers, their size is 5-7 cm. This type is called royal. The petals overlap each other like a fan. They are distinguished by bright colors. The height of the bush is from 30 to 60 cm. The leaves are dense with jagged edges. All royal varieties have oval spots in the central part of the petals.

Ivy

Ivy geranium is a creeping shoot up to 1 meter. Leaves are fleshy pentagonal in shape. It grows in abundant cascade, dropping the stems down. This variety is well used to decorate balconies, facades, arches.

Unique

Geranium variety called "Unicum" began to be bred in 1870. It belongs to tall varieties. The bush reaches 50 cm. The plant is a bush with dissected leaves and a thick stem. Inflorescences are small umbrellas with dark veins.

Dwarf plants

The group includes bushes ranging in size from 12 to 30 cm in height. Differs in long and abundant flowering. The bush is neat and does not require shaping. An example of such a variety is the Raphaela hybrid. The inflorescences are colored bright orange with a diameter of about 12 cm.

General care features

Indoor geranium - a flower modest in its needs... The main points of its content are the light regime, proper nutrition and watering.

Lighting

The flower loves to bask in the sun. The place on the sill of the south window is very much to her liking. In good light, the leaves will be bright green and the flowers will be rich in color. In summer, the scorching sun can cause burns. It doesn't hurt to create light shading. In winter, add artificial lighting to avoid a lack of light. Use fluorescent lamps as additional illumination.

If the plant begins to stretch to the side, this is a clear sign of a lack of light.

Feeding

The composition of fertilizer for feeding each growth period is different. During flowering, fertilize with a composition that includes phosphorus. Thanks to him, flowering will be long, and the root system is strong. Fertilizers with a high potassium content will help you increase your resistance to disease.

For a strong stem and beautiful foliage, give nitrogen fertilizers such as urea, sodium nitrate, etc. The nitrogen-containing composition is preferably given in the spring. In summer and autumn, phosphate and potash fertilizers. Fertilizing once every 2 weeks is sufficient. In winter, fertilizer should be eliminated from the diet.

Use only mineral mixtures, not organic ones.

Watering mode

How often you water the geranium depends on the season. In the summer, water every two to three days, depending on the drying of the earthen coma. Geranium loves to drink clean water at room temperature. Try to water without getting on the plate. In winter, reduce the amount of watering to 1 - 2 times a week. The main thing is to ensure that there is no stagnation of water from this, it can get sick or die.

We offer you to watch a video about the nuances of watering room geranium:

Temperature and humidity

During the period of active growth, geranium prefers a temperature of 20 - 25 0 C. In autumn and winter, it can grow at a temperature of 12 - 150C. The indicator of air humidity for a plant is not important. Geranium can easily adapt to the humidity conditions of your apartment.

Additionally, air humidification by spraying the flower is not recommended.

The soil

Geranium soil can be purchased both universal and special. A composition of humus, leafy and soddy soil with sand in a ratio of 2: 2: 2: 1 is also suitable. Provide good drainage from expanded clay or pebbles. In addition to good quality soil, good drainage, systematic pruning should be carried out.

Bush formation

The formation of a bush is necessary to maintain proper growth, stable flowering and a neat appearance. Use clean and disinfected instruments for the procedure. We carry out the operation when the plant stops blooming, that is, in the autumn. Remove dried inflorescences and cut off 1/3 of the lateral shoots left without leaves.

The formation of the bush can be carried out until December. The slices are sprinkled with charcoal to prevent the development of the disease. In the spring, the formation of a bush is carried out in the event of the appearance of weakened and highly elongated shoots.

Spring pruning promotes the rapid onset of the flowering phase.

Reproduction nuances

Geranium propagates in two ways - cuttings and seeds:

  • A plant grown with seeds is more disease resistant. But it all depends on their quality. Seeds are sown in January or February. Before planting, the seeds are soaked in special preparations that activate the germination process.

    After soaking, plant the seeds in a prepared pot. The required temperature for germination of seeds is 18 - 220C. Sprouts appear in 2 weeks. For a quick sprout appearance, create a semblance of a small greenhouse by covering the pot with a transparent lid. We are transplanted to a permanent place of residence in 7-8 weeks.

  • Geranium can also be propagated by cuttings. Cutting propagation can be done all year round, but it is better to do it in the spring. Cuttings should be 5 - 7 cm with two or three leaves. The cut of the cutting is sprinkled with charcoal for disinfection and planted in the prepared soil. You can also put the stalk in clean water and wait for the young roots to go, and then plant it in the ground. Before planting, spill the earth with a weak solution of potassium permanganate.

There are countless varieties and types of geraniums. We can say with confidence that geranium is a modest, unpretentious creation of nature. It can be bred and grown by anyone, even an inexperienced florist.

We offer you to watch a video about the features of growing room geranium:


Watch the video: Geranium Varieties A to Z (July 2022).


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