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Unpretentious, but no less beautiful! All about the Zigopetalum orchid and its photos

Unpretentious, but no less beautiful! All about the Zigopetalum orchid and its photos


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The Zygopetalum Orchid is an interesting flower, distinguished by its unpretentiousness and high decorative properties. These qualities allowed him to become a favorite plant of gardeners.

But an orchid can be grown indoors if you know some simple tricks. The article tells what kind of orchid it is, how to grow it and how to care for it.

Plant definition and history

The flower belongs to the Orchid family. It is a monocotyledonous perennial epiphyte and lithophyte., belongs to terrestrial plants. Homeland:

  • Mexico;
  • Brazil;
  • Peru;
  • tropical territories of South America.

Found in rocky gorges, tropical rainforests and rocky areas.

Zygopetalum (Zygopetalum) exists in 15 species, each of which is unique, attractive and interesting enough. Some specimens grow on trees in the wild, but this does not define them as a separate group of parasites.

Appearance and photos

The following parameters will help to give a detailed description of the flower:

  • Stem... Creeping, growing by a ladder. Shoots are tall, reaching a height of 50-60 cm. Pseudobulbs are short, 5-6 cm long, bright green, compacted.
  • Leaves... Shiny, leathery, glossy. Wide, pointed at the edge. The plates have longitudinal veins.
  • Flowers... The peduncle is straight, 45-50 cm long, formed from the lower leaves. Inflorescences are brushes. They form up to 12 buds. Flowers are variegated, spotted, of various shades - green, purple, white. They are monochromatic. The lip is contrasting, large, bright purple or lilac.
  • Roots... Dense but fragile. The processes are white, dense, growing in a spiral.

reference... If you properly care for the orchid, then it will form the maximum number of buds. At the same time, the flowers will be distinguished by their large size, pleasant subtle aroma, incredibly rich shades.

For more detailed information, below are photos of the flower.

How is it different from other species?

Unusual stem growth is the main distinguishing feature... It grows like steps - each new part is higher than the old pseudobulb. The flower forms pointed petals that grow together at the base of the central stem.

The plant differs from other types of orchids in that it does not tolerate prolonged drought of the substrate. The roots do not have a protective layer. Therefore, they quickly die due to insufficient moisture.

Varieties

Zygopetalum includes many species in its group. Many botanists count up to 30 varieties, and some up to 15. The exact number is still unknown. Further, the brightest representatives of this family will be considered.

Maculatum

This plant has large flowers up to 10-12 pieces, with a diameter of up to 7 cm... Peduncle is long, erect, reaches a height of 45 cm. Petals are variegated, green with brown spots. The lip is white, with black-light or lilac strokes.

Pedicellatum

Reminds the previous view. Differs in a narrower lip and its colors. It is pure white, and at the base it has a small number of small purple dots.

Maxillare

The long peduncle forms 5-8 large flowers with a diameter of 6 cm. The first 2 sepals at the base are painted in burgundy brown, in some places a green tint is visible. The third sepal has the first part burgundy-brown, and the second green with maroon-burgundy spots. The lip smoothly changes color - from purple-white to dark purple.

Triste

The height of the peduncle is 25 cm. The flowers are medium-sized with a diameter of 5 to 6 cm. They are small in size, in appearance they resemble narrow tongues. The petals are brownish-burgundy, and there are green spots at the base. The snow-white lips are slightly diluted with purple streaks.

Pabstii

Belongs to large varieties... Tall peduncles (length - 0.9 m) are strong and dense. The flowers are large, 10 cm in diameter. Bright and attractive. Sepals and petals are green, with scattered maroon-brownish specks. The lip is white, covered at the base with purple veins.

Microphytum

It is a dwarf plant, the length of which is 15-25 cm. The diameter of the flowers is 2.5 cm. The petals and sepals are green, complemented by maroon-brown specks. The base of the white lip has small purple streaks.

McKay

Differs in bright color of flowers. They are yellow-green, covered with brown spots. At the same time, the lip can be snow-white with a wavy border, or supplemented with reddish, purple strokes. McKay - material for breeding new hybrids.

Blue angel

The uniqueness of this species lies in the presence of a pleasant peppery aroma. The petals are white, have a lilac-blue border, a dark blue lip. This is a moody plant - it will be difficult for beginners to grow a strong and healthy orchid.

Luisendorf (Lusendorf)

It has a delicate, sweet, tasty aroma. Differs in long flowering, which lasts 2-3 months... The leaflets have pronounced suckers. The peduncle forms 8 buds. The petals are green, partially covered with maroon-brown spots.

Bloom

The emergence of buds is the most anticipated period. Every florist wants to enjoy the fruits of his labor - to admire the bright flowers that fill the room with a pleasant aroma. Next, we will consider the nuances of orchid flowering, and what activities need to be performed.

When and how?

Flowering begins in late autumn or winter.... Lasts about 2 months. If you additionally stimulate the plant, then it can bloom at any time of the year. The peduncle grows with an unformed pseudobulb. The sprouts stop growing and continue to develop only after the end of flowering.

Care features

An orchid does not require a person to perform complex care procedures. But experienced florists recommend placing flowers in a shaded place to prolong flowering. In the room, maintain the temperature + 18-20 ° C, and the humidity within 60-70%. The frequency of watering should be minimized.

What if it doesn't bloom?

An orchid does not bloom only from improper care. If the flowers do not appear on time, then it is required to stimulate the plant. It is enough to reduce watering and reduce the air temperature to 13-15 ° C.

Step by step instructions for home care

In order for the orchid to please with its long flowering and healthy appearance, it is important to know some of the nuances of growing it. It is necessary to correctly choose a place, prepare the soil, and irrigate. But first things first.

Seat selection

Zygopetalum prefers partial shade. It is better to put a container with a flower on the western or eastern windowsill. If the pot is located on the south side, it is recommended to shade the window with curtains. If in the north, then mount additional lighting.

Preparing the soil and pot

The orchid loves loose, moist, drained soil.... Pieces of bark, expanded clay, foam crumbs can be added to the soil. Perlite will keep moisture in the ground, and vermiculite will keep it loose.

Recommended soil composition:

  • 1 part moss;
  • 1 part of sod land;
  • 1 part peat;
  • 1 part dry leaves;
  • drainage.

Plastic transparent containers are perfect as pots.which help to monitor the condition of the roots and the level of moisture. Equip the bottom and sides of the container with drainage holes. Instead of plastic, you can choose:

  • wooden boxes;
  • rack baskets.

Temperature

The temperature regime depends on the season:

  • So in the summer, + 24- + 25 ° C is enough in the daytime, up to + 18 ° C at night.
  • In autumn and winter - + 18- + 21 ° C during the day, up to + 16 ° C at night.

At the same time, it is important to observe the daily temperature difference from 3 to 4 ° C. In warm spring, take the pots outside or on the balcony.

Humidity

It is necessary to maintain humidity up to 70-90%... The acceptable value is 60%. To prevent the flower from dying from the heat, you should regularly spray the leaves with water or wipe with a damp cloth.

Important! If it is not possible to regularly monitor the plants, then you can install containers on a wet layer of expanded clay.

When orchids grow in greenhouses, it is sufficient to use a special steam generator. The equipment effectively humidifies the air without damaging the plants.

Lighting

The orchid prefers bright, but diffused light.... Exclude direct sunlight, otherwise the flower will get burned and die.

Watering

It is required to water the flowers abundantly and regularly. Do not skip morning spraying. Avoid getting water on the buds. Use only clean, settled water. After water procedures, gently loosen the topsoil.

Top dressing

Any flower loves feeding. Orchid requires:

  • Potassium and phosphorus additives combined with watering. They strengthen the stems, leaf plates, help to develop inflorescences correctly.
  • Nitrogen for building up green mass during the period of active growth.

It is important to use supplements strictly according to the manufacturer's instructions... The multiplicity of dressings is as follows - 2 times a week in the summer, once a month in the winter.

Transfer

It is necessary to replant the orchid every 2-3 years. The transplant is carried out when the roots have grown strongly, the substrate has deteriorated or has become infected with various bacteria. The procedure is performed only in the spring, before the buds form.

The process looks like this:

  1. moisten the soil;
  2. carefully remove the flower;
  3. clean up the root system;
  4. cut off spoiled roots and dried stems;
  5. treat sections of cuts with charcoal;
  6. then place the orchid in a new place, press down carefully, water abundantly.

It is important to preserve pseudobulbs... They contain all the useful substances.

How to propagate?

You can propagate an orchid by dividing. Each separated part should have 2-3 healthy pseudobulbs. The diagram looks like this:

  1. clean the roots of soil, cut off rotten and dry roots;
  2. divide the orchid into several parts;
  3. sprinkle each part with coal powder, dry in the open air;
  4. place the seedlings in the moss.

Do not forget about regular watering. Drought will destroy young roots, prevent them from developing normally.

Diseases and pests

Zygopetalum orchid is often affected by:

  • spider mite;
  • snails and slugs;
  • root and gray rot.
  1. Special preparations - Fitoverm, Mesurol will help to fight pests.
  2. Against infections - modern fungicides.

If the plant has severely affected areas and roots, then a transplant must be performed.

Attention! Use the drugs strictly according to the manufacturer's instructions. The illiteracy of the grower will lead to the death of the flower, damage to neighboring plants.

Prophylaxis

  • Avoid stagnant water in pots.
  • Ventilate the room regularly, use only high-quality substrate and seedlings, observe the lighting regime.
  • If any drugs and growth stimulants are used, then follow the manufacturer's instructions.

The Zygopetalum Orchid is an interesting and beautiful plant. Even a beginner can grow a wild flower indoors.... The florist is required to take into account all the recommendations and advice, be patient. With a competent approach to cultivation, the orchid will grow strong, and in due time will delight you with beautiful and fragrant flowers.


Watch the video: Orchids that bloom on immature growths (July 2022).


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