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Laguna is a carrot variety ideal for areas with short summers. Root crops ripen quickly and manage to fully develop all the characteristics laid down in them by breeders, including the accumulation of useful microelements.
This article will discuss the distinctive features, advantages and disadvantages of this hybrid, as well as the features of its cultivation and harvest.
You will learn how to choose a planting site and prepare the soil, how planting, watering and feeding is carried out, as well as what possible problems during cultivation may arise and how to solve them.
Detailed characteristics and description
The tops of the plant have leaves of a characteristic carved needle-like shape and a bright green color. Root crops reach an average of 20 cm, by the time of ripening they flatten out in size, acquiring the same rich orange slander and a shape in the form of an even cylinder with a short tip. The core of the fruit is very small, or it is completely absent.
What variety does it belong to?
The variety is early maturing. The first roots can be removed within 60 days after germination. The main harvest is three months later.
The amount of fructose and beta-carotene
The content of fructose is 0.7 g per 100 grams of vegetable, beta-carotene - 1.1 mg in terms of the same amount of product.
Sowing before winter is sometimes practiced.
This way the seeds can get enough moisture at the time of germination.
- Spring planting is carried out in late April - early May.
The main condition for this is the heating of the soil to +9 degrees.
- Late planting of seeds, when the temperature settles at +16 +22 degrees, will guarantee the fruits an intense color.
Seed germination is very high and approaches 100%. Planting material does not require pre-soaking before planting.
Average weight of one root crop
The average weight of one root crop of the Laguna variety is 60-90 grams.
The lagoon allows you to collect from 1 hectare to 700 kg of root crops. The yield of the variety is consistently high and can change for the worse only if, after germination of the seeds, the soil temperature has dropped to -1 degrees.
Purpose and keeping quality
The variety is suitable for fresh consumption, freezing, making juices and various preserves. Used to prepare all kinds of dishes.
Provided the proper conditions are provided, the shelf life is good, the carrots can be stored for up to five months.
The variety is suitable for growing on the territory of almost all countries of the former CIS, regardless of the climatic zone. The culture feels best in a temperate climatic zone.
Where is it recommended to plant?
The Laguna variety is used for cultivation in greenhouses, hotbeds and outdoors.
Disease and pest resistance
Breeders have laid in the hybrid a high resistance to viruses and diseases of fungal origin. With competent agricultural technology, the culture is practically not susceptible to attacks by harmful insects.
You can eat root crops after 80-85 days after planting. The full maturation period is 120 days. Subject to agricultural practices, crops can be harvested within 60 days after germination and harvesting the crop in several passes.
For a favorable development, the Laguna variety requires clay-sandy soil, in which the dusty part prevails.
Also, the variety thrives in peat bogs. The acidity level of the soil should not exceed a pH of 6-6.5. Fertilizer must be applied before planting.
If sowing is planned before winter, then it should be phosphorus compounds. In the spring, just before planting, nitrogen fertilizers. In the fall - potash dressing.
Frost resistance and transportability
The variety is thermophilic and does not tolerate temperature drops below -1 degrees. This can lead to the death of plantings or to a significant slowdown in the development of culture.
The lagoon is great for transportation.
Manufacturability for farms and peasant households
The variety can be considered high-tech. This is due to almost one hundred percent seed germination, the ability of the variety to form even fruits of the same size and give friendly high yields. At the same time, the agricultural technology of the culture is very simple, it is unpretentious and has a high resistance to diseases.
Laguna F1 was bred on the basis of the Nantskaya-4 variety in 2007. Breeding work was carried out at VNIISSOK.
What is the difference from other types of vegetables?
- Variety of seeding options. It can be early, middle and late in the winter.
- High potassium content.
- The possibility of re-harvesting.
Advantages and disadvantages
- Simple agricultural technology.
- High seed germination.
- Resistant to most diseases.
- Not suitable for long-term storage.
- Demanding to the composition of the soil.
At the chosen time (early April, late May or towards winter), beds are prepared in which grooves are marked, no more than 2 cm deep, at a distance of about 15 cm from each other.
The soil must be well watered with settled warm water. The planting material is sown directly into the ground. Seeds sprout in about two weeks, but if they receive stable heat, the period is reduced to 10 days.
The first watering is carried out 10-14 days after the appearance of the first shoots at the rate of 7-10 liters per square meter. Further watering is carried out at the same interval, while monitoring the soil moisture.
If the time for watering has approached, and the amount of moisture in the soil is sufficient, you do not need to add it in excess of the norm.
Harvesting and storage
Harvesting can be done in several stages - from 60 to 120 days after germination. Root crops are carefully removed and the tops are cut, leaving 3-4 centimeters. Laguna carrots can be stored for five months.
Diseases and pests
Laguna F1 is resistant to diseases typical of carrots, but insufficient preventive measures can still lead to infection.
- Septoria. The disease develops in conditions of high humidity, most often in a greenhouse or greenhouse. It appears as whitish dry spots on the tops, closer to the base of the stems. The course of treatment involves spraying the plants with Bordeaux mixture and leveling the microclimate in the greenhouse.
- Black rot. It affects plants for which the irrigation regime has been violated. Excessive moisture leads to the appearance of black spots on the roots. To prevent the development of the disease, the seeds are treated with antiseptic drugs before planting. During the cultivation process, it is necessary to constantly monitor the level of soil moisture.
The harmful insect that most often attacks carrots is aphids. The pest sucks the juices from the leaves of the tops, negatively affecting the growth and development of the plant, as a result of which it dies. To prevent negative consequences, at the first signs of aphid infestation, plantings are treated with insecticidal preparations.
Various problems in growing and ways to solve them
The optimal level of water occurrence when planting the Laguna variety is 0.8 - 2.5 meters. If the level is lower, the solution is to plant the seeds before winter to avoid possible washout during spring planting.
Insufficiently prepared soil can lead to curvature of the fruit and a complete loss of their presentation. To avoid this, deep plowing of the soil must be carried out before sowing.
- Nantes-4 and Nantes-14 - similarly to Laguna, the first roots can be eaten two months after germination.
- Losinoostrovskaya-13 - also gives high yields.
- Rex - as well as Laguna, it is an early maturing variety and has juicy roots with a poorly expressed core.
Laguna F1 is a high-yielding variety with excellent taste and quite simple agricultural technology. Excellent for cultivation in private farmsteads and, due to its unpretentiousness, allows you to get decent harvests even for those who are first engaged in carrot cultivation.