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It has long been known that many plants have the ability not only to get along well next to others, but also to have a beneficial effect on neighbors. For example, stimulate their development and protect against various diseases and insect pests.
Basil is just one example of such a beneficial effect. Our article will tell you about the proximity of basil and cucumbers in the same garden. The article provides information on whether it is permissible to plant basil next to cucumbers and how it can be done. Crop care for such planting is described.
Can these crops be grown nearby?
Basil can be successfully planted with cucumbers outdoors... Such a neighborhood is useful, to a greater extent, of course, for a cucumber, since basil (due to its aroma) is able to scare off whitefly, spider mites and aphids. Cucumber, on the other hand, contributes to the rapid development of the spice.
It is best to plant basil around a cucumber patch, thereby creating an ecological barrier against harmful insects.
When can this neighborhood be harmful?
Such a neighborhood can be harmful if the basil is planted too close to the cucumbers and they braid the fragrant grass with their tenacious tendrils. The development and growth of the spice in this case can be greatly inhibited.
The varieties with the best compatibility
For joint planting, it is best to choose:
- «Basil broadleaf"- the plant is not very tall, but with large leaves, it has the aroma of allspice.
- «Basil clove"- a very beautiful small-leaved variety, reaches a height of 60 cm.
Of the cucumbers, the following varieties are best suited:
How to plant correctly?
In the open field
- Minimum and maximum distance - between these crops, it is necessary to leave at least 30 cm (for vertical cultivation of cucumbers) or 60 cm (if the lashes will creep along the ground).
- Boarding time - cucumber and basil can be sown with seeds from the beginning of May, when the soil warms up to 15 degrees Celsius. With a frequency of two weeks, they are sown, thereby extending the harvest time, this can be continued until the end of July.
In the greenhouse
If necessary, you can plant these plants in the same greenhouse, but only if certain rules are followed.
- Minimum and maximum distance - here it is necessary to leave a little more space between plantings, the best option would be a distance of 40 cm. In this case, cucumbers in the greenhouse are grown only in a vertical way.
- Boarding time - you can start sowing from the beginning of April, by this time the greenhouse should already be warmed up. If the disembarkation is carried out in a seedling way, then the presence of heating will allow this to be done in early March. Then, also every two weeks (until the end of July), the plants can be sown or planted.
Plant care when planting together
To get an excellent harvest of cucumbers and basil greens, of course, you need to properly care for them.
It is worth saying that both basil and cucumber are thermophilic crops, so they will grow best in greenhouses.
Key points of care when leaving:
- Watering... These plants love water, but cannot stand stagnation, so they need to be watered abundantly, no more than twice a week. Use only warm, settled water, you need to water it at the root. It is better to mulch the soil immediately after the procedure.
- Top dressing... The first dressing for basil and cucumber should be made with nitrogen (to stimulate growth). In a bucket of water (10 l), you can dissolve 10 g of urea and irrigate, while spending three liters of solution per 1 square meter. After two weeks (the second feeding), you can apply complex fertilizers (25 g per 10 l of water) or pour with manure (compost) infusion, taking 1 part of manure and 10 parts of water. Further, dressings are made at an approximate frequency of 2 weeks.
- Temperature... Ideally, it should be constant, without sudden fluctuations. The air should be warmed up within the range of 25 to 28 degrees, and the soil should not cool below 15 degrees.
- Weeding, loosening... Make sure that there are no weeds nearby. In this case, you need to weed very carefully, since their root system is located close to the surface. It is necessary to loosen the soil after each watering, the air should flow freely to the roots.
- Airing... For ventilation in the greenhouse, you can open a window or raise one panel completely (if the weather permits). This should be done regularly.
The first crop can be harvested from the basil, you can start cutting it when it reaches 10 cm in height. It is most convenient to do this above the second pair of true leaves, leaving about 7 cm of the stem height. Then, about every two weeks, you can cut a new crop.
Cucumbers, on the other hand, begin to be harvested as they ripen, first every 4 days, then every day (during the period of mass harvest).
Disease and pest control
The best protection against pests and various diseases is prevention... It is very important not to give the disease the slightest chance, that is, to strictly follow all the recommendations for care:
- Do not sprinkle with cold water.
- Avoid cold air.
- Do not thicken the planting.
- Ventilate the space in a timely manner.
- Destroy all weeds.
If you still have to fight diseases and pests, then it is best to use: ash, copper sulfate, tobacco dust, Bordeaux liquid.
As a result, we can conclude that basil with cucumbers can really be successfully grown in a joint planting, get an excellent and tasty harvest. Caring for these plants is not difficult at all, especially since when planted together, they practically do not undergo any diseases and attacks of harmful insects.