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Ginger is widely known for its medicinal properties and is popular in cooking. Meanwhile, this plant is also very beautiful, especially during the flowering period.
Growing ginger at home or in the garden, you can enjoy the vibrant, large flowers of this exotic guest.
The sight will be memorable and rare - at home, ginger blooms extremely hard and reluctantly.
When does it dissolve?
Ginger blooms leave no one indifferent, so it is worth putting in some effort to get them.
Under natural conditions, ginger blooms in the second year of the plant's life.... It should be clarified that at the same time its rhizome becomes fibrous, loses its aroma and can no longer be used for culinary purposes. Therefore, those who grow ginger for sale do it simply - they dig up the plant after a year. Fortunately, in the warm climate of Southeast Asia, ginger grows and multiplies quickly. You can read about where and how ginger grows in a separate article.
When growing ginger in a greenhouse or at home, flowering can happen only in the third year, and then if the owner observes a number of requirements of a capricious plant.
As a rule, the flowering of ginger begins in the spring-summer period and lasts for several weeks, with appropriate care and some luck, flowering will continue until autumn.
How do you know if this will happen soon?
Ginger flowers are located on long basal stems... Prior to the appearance of these stems, it is impossible to determine the approaching flowering.
The most important sign of upcoming flowering is the formation of a special bud by the main tuber for pasture of a peduncle. This kidney must have been healthy, grown and developed within the previous three years.
It is possible that the main root has already formed the root adnexa to prepare the bud for stalking, but all this meticulous preparation is hidden underground.
AND, if the owner of the plant disrupts the growth of these processes during transplantation, flowering will not occur - the usual additional stem will grow from the bud instead of the peduncle.
To distill a ginger flower, you should be patient and follow all the recommendations for caring for the plant, for at least three years without removing the tubers from the pot.
The flower stalk will never sprout from the body of the tuber that you originally planted in the pot. It will come out only from that part of it, which has developed in the process of subsequent growth of the tuber. And this takes time. That is why the bloom of ginger occurs only after several years.
How it blooms: description of varieties and photos
There are many varieties of ginger and each blooms in its own way.... The flowering of any plant is an unusual sight - the ginger produces flowers on long basal stems. One inflorescence can contain petals of different shades from red and purple to yellowish. And the shape is surprising - in the form of cones, lilies. It can be a single large flower or several torch-shaped constellations.
Let's consider the most aesthetic and popular varieties of ginger. And further in the photo you can see some of the plant varieties blooming at home and on the street.
The presented varieties are most often grown at home for decorative purposes.
Large inflorescences are formed on the stems, outwardly similar to a rose with dense fleshy petals.
On the powerful stems, corn-like inflorescences of a bright pink hue bloom.
Flowers are similar to orchids, complex structure, white tone.
Delicate flowers with a pleasant aroma appear in early spring.
Pinkish fluffy inflorescences, almost odorless.
Pinkish fluffy inflorescences, almost odorless.
Varieties intended for growing in open ground are most often grown for the purpose of obtaining a harvest and were selected for the size and taste of the rhizomes, therefore they bloom much more modestly. But even among them there are exceptions that give owners the pleasure of enjoying the most beautiful flowers.
Black ginger (Barbados)
Medium-sized soft pink flowers, resembling a chamomile shape, with bright red stamens in the middle. The smell is strong, sweetish.
White Ginger (Bengal)
Large bright scarlet single flowers with a delicate scent.
Included in the ranking of the most beautiful tropical flowers in the world. The height of the inflorescence reaches one and a half meters, the petals vary from green to bright scarlet. Cultivated in tropical gardens in Southeast Asia, not grown at home.
Flowering and yield
To obtain a good and high-quality harvest of rhizomes, the flowering of ginger is undesirable. Moreover, in its homeland, in Southeast Asia, ginger is grown only as an annual - a rich crop of tubers is harvested already 8-9 months after planting.
Thus, the flowering of a plant, which can happen only in the second year of its life, cannot happen in any way. Only individual bushes at the edge of the plantations manage to bloom, if they accidentally forgot to dig them up. In the wild, ginger is practically not found..
Flowering spoils the taste of tubers so much that it becomes completely impossible to eat them, makes them dry, fibrous. In addition, the tubers lose their magical smell and taste.
This is because the plant directs all nutrients from the roots that have fulfilled their function to the seeds... The seeds are formed at the end of flowering and are in the form of small bolls. At the same time, modern cultivated varieties of ginger cannot reproduce with the help of seeds.
Why may not bloom during cultivation?
Getting ginger to bloom at home is not an easy task. Why can ginger not bloom?
- The plant has not yet reached the flowering age.
- Insufficient watering or waterlogging of the soil.
- Insufficient air humidity.
- Lack of fertilizer or unsuitable soil.
- Lack of a pronounced change of seasons.
- Excessive manipulation of the plant root.
Do I need to help the plant?
Yes, if flowering is the goal. At the same time, there can be no guarantees, but the owner, of course, must do what is in his power, since the plant is exotic and is poorly adapted to our growing conditions.
If the purpose of growing ginger is flowering, it should be fertilized by all means.... It is recommended to apply top dressing no more than twice a month, with fertilizers with a high content of potassium and phosphorus. They will help to obtain powerful greens and will stimulate the forcing of the peduncle.
Of organic fertilizers, a mullein diluted with water in a ratio of 1:10 is well suited, but for obvious reasons it can only be used in a greenhouse or at least on a balcony.
Initially, the soil for growing ginger should be chosen loose, nutritious., consisting of one third of humus, one third of sod land and one third of sand. A drainage layer at least 3 cm thick is also required, otherwise the roots will rot.
Create optimal conditions
- Avoid exposure to wind and sun rays. The light should be rarefied. The place for the pot must be carefully chosen, since this plant does not tolerate drafts and the scorching sun.
- Spray the plant regularly with soft, settled water at room temperature.
- Water in moderation at the first sign of drying out of the topsoil, loosen each time after watering to provide oxygen access to the roots.
- In autumn, reduce the number of watering to 1 time in 2 weeks, remove the pot in a dark, cool (+15 degrees) place.
- In the spring, when the buds wake up, remove the pot from the basement and start watering in small portions, applying fertilizers: first potash for the growth of greenery, then phosphorus for the formation of peduncles.
If the ginger is grown for decorative purposes, you need to choose a small pot and not disturb the roots for at least three years, including not digging up for the winter and not replanting.
Thus, we talked about the amazing ginger, showed photos of the plant in bloom. But the cultivation of ginger for decorative purposes in Russia is risky in terms of the result - after all, our climate is not warm and humid enough. However, with excellent care and a certain amount of luck, there is a chance to enjoy the wonderful sight of this amazing plant blooming. If the capricious pet does not want to bloom, then in any case it will delight the owner with the spicy aroma of fresh juicy root.