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Growing tomatoes outdoors is often a thankless task! Because even with an excellent choice of a planting site, where both lighting and soil composition are taken into account, you may not get a good harvest. And all because the variety of tomatoes did not correspond to the climatic conditions of this summer, or the cold caused all kinds of early diseases in the plant, or they decided to grow a tomato from their seeds and for some reason did not succeed.
There can be many reasons! But still? How to grow a good harvest of a vegetable loved by many in the open field, which varieties are better to plant? But first, decide what you want to grow: a tomato variety or hybrid, then buy seeds and care for the plant.
How do varieties differ from hybrids and which ones are better for planting?
In his gardening activities, a person often comes across two concepts, the knowledge of which can lead to the right or wrong choice of seeds, which means, to a good or not so good harvest. These concepts are "sort" and "hybrid".
A variety is a collection of plants that are similar in biological, morphological and economic characteristics.
Hybrid (F1) is a plant obtained by crossing two or more plants, combining the features of several generations of parental individuals. Usually the hybrid is not characterized by stable traits and is able to give a good yield only in the first offspring.
In different regions of our country, it is better to plant "our" - zoned varieties, which are conditionally subdivided into several groups:
- the most delicious;
- resistant to various diseases;
- the largest;
Consider the tomato varieties of these groups, which are grown in the Urals, Siberia and Central Russia, for which early and mid-early low varieties are best suited for growing.
High-yielding varieties and hybrids of tomatoes
Productivity more than 6 kg from 1 sq.m.
Ultra early, with amicable ripening of red, flat-round fruits, 70-120 g (up to 12 kg), with good shelf life. Not afraid of temperature changes, unpretentious.
Video about the Yamal tomato variety:
Polar early maturing
Early, the first brush is tied after the 7th leaf, the subsequent ones - after every 2nd, with red, rounded fruits 60-160 gr, (up to 7 kg). Resistant to temperature extremes and cold snaps.
Early ripe, forms more than 4 brushes, with bright red, rounded, dense, 150-180 g (17 kg), it is not necessary to form a stem.
Early, in the internode, 3 clusters are formed, each with 7 fruits, with red, rounded, slightly ribbed fruits, 150-200 gr. (10-15 kg), resistant to cold and shade, to a complex of diseases, including root-knot nematode.
Video about the tomato variety Olya F1:
Medium early, undersized, compact, in a bunch of up to 11 tomatoes, with red, flat-round fruits, 100-150 g (15-18 kg), not stalked.
Ultra-early, up to 1 m, the stem is formed into 2-3 trunks, with rich red, rounded fruits, 120-200 g, necessarily requires tying and pinching.
Early-mid-ripening, determinant (65 cm), high-yielding, with amicable ripening of fruits, with red, round, sour fruits, 80-200 g (8 kg). Resistant to adverse conditions, grows on versatile soils. It does not stepchild, it is not necessary to form a bush. Susceptible to late blight disease, black bacterial spot and apical rot.
High-yielding, mid-season, determinant (60-64 cm), standard, with pink, rounded, slightly ribbed fruits, 80-120 g (10 -12 kg). Ties fruit well in unfavorable climatic conditions. Resistant to diseases, with a lack of moisture, it is affected by apical rot.
Ultra-early ripening, undersized (50-60 cm), with red, round, slightly ribbed fruits, 80 g (10-12 kg). High resistance to cold, shade tolerance. Immunity to all diseases.
Video about the tomato variety Sanka:
High-yielding, early, determinant (60-70 cm), in the inflorescence of 5-6 fruits, with bright red, flat-round, fleshy fruits, 200-300 g (12-14 kg). Drought-resistant, tolerates low temperatures well. Doesn't take steps. Rarely exposed to diseases, but if necessary, it is necessary to protect against late blight and Alternaria by spraying with Ordan. They are affected by spider mites, aphids, thrips.
Middle zone of Russia
Early ripe, determinant (45 cm), bush, not stretched, high yield, fruit set, with red, cylindrical fruits of 70-80 g (7 kg). Does not release side shoots - does not stepchild and does not tie up. Tolerates abrupt temperature changes. Resistant to tobacco mosaic, needs to be treated against late blight.
Early ripe, determinant (60 cm), the stem does not need to be formed, the first bunch is formed over the 7th leaf, the next - after 1-2, with raspberry, rounded fruits of 100-120 g (8 kg) each. Does not require pinching and pinching, you can grow 7-9 pcs per 1 sq. M. Drought tolerant. Immunity from rot, has time to mature before late blight appears.
Ultra early, indeterminal (up to 1 m), unpretentious, with scarlet, spherical fruits up to 200 g (15 kg), unpretentious, resistant to diseases.
The most delicious
They have a high sugar content, are good fresh for salad and canned.
Indeterminate (up to 120 cm), with pink-crimson, large fruits up to 600 g. with delicate flesh, like a melon, very tasty and juicy.
Medium early, indeterminate (up to 180 cm) with red, pubescent peach tomato. cylindrical, weighing up to 300g., sweet, tender, without acid. High yielding, disease resistant.
Video about the Scheherazade tomato variety:
Orange Fight F1
High-yielding, early maturing, semi-determinate. With bright orange sweet, fleshy round fruits, 180-220 gr (up to 17 kg), good keeping quality, transportability. High to fizariosis and verticillium.
Red sun F1
Early, with delicious red slightly ribbed tomatoes up to 120 gr.
Mid-season, stable-yielding, indeterminate (0.8-1.5 m). It is necessary to form a bush into 1 stem, ties up to 7 brushes, with bright amber, round-flattened, dense fruits, up to 400 g (2.5 -3 kg). For dietary and baby food. Necessarily pinching and garter. It is planted on 1 sq.m. - 3 bushes (no more). Resistant to disease.
The Tsar Bell
Medium early, determinant, with 7-8 clusters of ovaries, 4-5 pieces in each, it is necessary to form in 2 stems, tying, with bright red, fleshy, sweet fruits 400-600 gr (8-9 kg). Unpretentious.
Ob domes F1
Early ripe, undersized, high-yielding, adapted to poor climatic conditions, with raspberry-pink, persimmon-like, domed fruits up to 250 gr.
Middle zone of Russia
Early maturing, determinant, unpretentious, fruitful, forms 4 or more fruit nests, with red, round, 190 g fruits. Designed for salad with excellent taste.
Early, with red, flat-round fruits of 100-150 gr (up to 8 kg), with an ideal taste.
Mid-season, determinate, with pink, rounded fruit from 160 to 225 gr (4-5 kg), sweet taste.
Video about the tomato variety Pink honey:
Determinant (up to 70 cm) - not always stable in the yield of a good harvest, but unpretentious, and you can increase the yield by increasing the number of vegetable bushes per square meter.
Compact bush (up to 45 cm), early ripening (85 -110 days), with deep red, with unexpressed ribbing, dense skin, excellent quality, high yield (up to 5 kg). Does not get sick, does not react to temperature changes, does not need pinching.
Early, up to 50 cm, standard, with dark red, round, small fruits. They are affected by late blight, constant treatment is needed from the moment of planting every 15 days. Does not need pinning.
Early, with round, red, medium density fruits of 60 gr. Planting density 4-5 pcs per sq.m. Resistant to brown leaf spot, tobacco mosaic virus, powdery mildew, bacterial wilting, corking of roots.
Pink Katya F1
Early ripe, up to 60-70 cm, unpretentious, stable yielding, forms 6-7 bunches, with bright pink, rounded, dense fruits, 120-130 g (8-10 kg). It quickly adapts to climatic changes, a garter is required (bushes can break). Disease resistant.
Medium early, up to 60-80 cm, standard, with dark red, elongated, medium density fruits of 100-120 g (7-8 kg). Demanding to weeding and fertilization, to light, does not require pinching. Resistant to brown spot. Strong immunity. It can be subjected to phomosis - remove the affected fruits and leaves, spray with the preparation "HOM".
Early, fruit ripening after 85 days. Inflorescences (7-8 fruits) are formed over the 7th leaf and continue through every second leaf, with red, elongated fruits of 60 gr. Cold resistant. Does not require pinning and tying. Resistant to late blight.
Video about the variety of tomatoes Shuttle:
Golden Andromeda F1
Early, the harvest ripens on the 75th day, with bright yellow, spherical-shaped fruits of 130 gr. It is immune to viral diseases.
Siberian Express F1
Yielding, early, up to 50 cm, forms clusters of 7 round red fruits. Does not require pinching and garter, but prevention of late blight is needed.
Middle zone of Russia
Early, very undersized (35-40 cm), the bush is formed into 3-4 trunks, clusters appear after 5 leaves, then after 1-2, on each of 4-6 ovaries, with pinkish-red, small, plum fruits 40 -55 gr. Unpretentious, drought-resistant, with a lack of moisture, leaves curl, rarely affected by rot. But prone to dry spotting (spray with "Antracol")
High-yielding, early maturing, standard, inflorescence appears after 6-7 leaves, then formed after every 1-2. High knotability in bad weather. With red, 50-60 g rounded fruits (3-3.5 kg per bush). Resistant to temperature changes, unpretentious, pinching and tying are not required. Demanding on top dressing.
Video about the tomato variety Gnome:
Early ripe, up to 50 cm, the first inflorescence is above 6-7 leaves, the next in 1-2, with red, small, rounded fruits 80 g each (up to 3 kg per bush). Resistant to tobacco mosaic virus and brown spot. Susceptible to fusarium wilt. It is quite strongly affected by septoria, macrosporiosis and gray rot. Cold resistant.
Indeterminate varieties. Indeterminate - tall, requiring pinching, bush formation and pinching, but tying many bunches with a large number of fruits.
Early ripe, with bright yellow, ovoid fruits, versatile to use. Requires pinching, tying, pinching, prone to various diseases.
Medium early, up to 1.5 m, high-yielding, with red, bright crimson, heart-shaped, medium density fruits, 500-1500 g (up to 5 kg), good keeping quality and transportability. Requires tying and constant pinching. The bush must be formed into 2 shoots. Resistant to disease.
Video about the tomato variety Sevruga:
President 2 F1
Early maturing, high-yielding, with unlimited growth, 1.5 - 2 m, formed in 1-2 trunks, with the first brush above 7-8 leaves, with orange-red, heavy, rounded, slightly flattened lettuce fruits, 340-360 g (5-7 kg per bush). There are few stepsons, but they need to be removed in a timely manner, requires support. High resistance to disease, greenhouse whitefly should be wary.
Up to 120 cm, medium early, with small fruits up to 140 g (up to 5-6 kg), with good keeping quality and transportability. Be sure to pinch so that there are more lateral shoots. Resistant to anthracosis of leaves and fruits, does not undergo fusarium wilt.
Mid-early, up to 120-150 cm, requires pinching the top, forms 6-8 brushes with 6 fruits, the first is formed above 9-11 leaves, with pink, heart-shaped, low-ribbed, up to 300 g (up to 7 kg from one bush). Tying is obligatory. High resistance to bad weather conditions. Resistant to late blight and powdery mildew.
Video about the tomato variety Budenovka:
Miracle of the earth
High-yielding, early-mid-season, with red-pink heart-shaped or elongated, sweet, dessert-flavored fruits up to 1000 g (4-5 kg per bush). It quickly adapts to the extremes of nature, it is drought-resistant.
Medium early, with red, spherical fruits of 150 gr. Necessarily pinching, garter, formation of a bush in 1 stem. It is stable, but it needs prophylaxis against late blight.
Middle zone of Russia
Medium early, forms 4-5 brushes, each with 6 ovaries, with bright red, cylindrical fruits 90 grams each, excellent lightness and transportability. Prone to fouling by stepchildren (pinching is necessary). Drought-resistant.
Vegetable varieties, the fruiting of which is much prolonged due to genetic resistance to common tomato diseases associated with climatic conditions.
- "Stellate sturgeon";
- Red Fang;
- Yamal 200;
- "Sovereign F1";
- "Elizabeth F1";
- F1 Orange Fight;
- "Anniversary of F1";
- "Eliseevsky F1";
- Olya F1;
- "Lelya F1";
- "Pink Katya F1";
- "Lyubasha F1".
Mid-season, high-yielding variety, with red fruits 250 gr, not exposed to fungal diseases, withstands the attacks of many pests. Resistant to sudden changes in temperature, weeks, so seedlings can be planted much earlier than usual, by about 2.
A high-yielding, mid-early, indeterminate (up to 120 cm) hybrid, requiring pinching, with red fruits of 140 g (up to 3-4 kg), extremely resistant to fungal diseases of all types. It does not undergo fusarium wilting, reacts perfectly to temperature changes, the last few weeks it can stand even with frost.
- "Honey and Sugar";
- Hybrid # 172;
- "Golden Andromeda".
High-yielding, medium early, up to 80 cm, with red, round fruits up to 250 gr.... "Bohemia" - universal, determinant, with large red fruits, collected in a brush (up to 6 kg).
Middle zone of Russia
- "Siberian early ripening";
- "Lady fingers";
- "Keg F1".
Medium early, determinant, fruits up to 100 gr.
High, mid-season, with red, cylindrical fruits up to 150 gr.
Characterized by large fruits, which may be inferior in taste, for example, the amount of sugar, but at the same time have a fleshy consistency, are cut into pieces without emitting abundant juice, several bushes of such varieties must be kept on each garden bed.
Medium early, up to 1.5 m, high-yielding, with red, bright crimson, heart-shaped, medium density fruits, 500-1500 g (up to 5 kg), good keeping quality and transportability. Resistant to disease.
Mid-ripening, forms a bush up to 150 cm, on which up to 10 fruits weighing from 200 g to 1 kg (17 kg) are formed. Disease resistance is achieved by timely feeding and spraying with phytoncides.
President 2 F1
Early ripe, high-yielding, with unlimited growth, 1.5 - 2 m, formed into 1-2 trunks, with the first brush above 7-8 leaves, with orange-red, heavy, rounded, slightly flattened lettuce fruits, 340-360 gr ( 5-7 kg per bush). High resistance to disease, greenhouse whitefly should be wary.
High-yielding, mid-season, up to 120 cm, does not require pinching. With large tomatoes up to 700 gr (12 kg). Resistant to powdery mildew and fusarium wilt.
Mid-season, undersized, with red, heart-shaped, sweet, fleshy fruits up to 1500 gr.
F1 Super Steak
Medium early, indeterminate, requiring obligatory garter and pinching, forms up to 8 large brushes with red, dense from 450 to 900 gr. fruits. It is immune to disease.
Middle zone of Russia
Medium early, indeterminal, tying up to 6 nests, with pink, flat-round, ribbed fruits up to 400 g (15 kg), amazing taste.
Early, with yellow fruits up to 400 gr (up to 7 kg per bush).
Early ripe, super-yielding, up to 80 cm, with red, rounded fruits up to 400 gr.
They will be indispensable in a cold summer without the sun, when insects do not fulfill their natural function - pollinating, carrying pollen to plants.
Mid-season, determinant, large-fruited, the first brush is laid after 8 leaves, the rest after 1-2, does not require pinching and tying, with bright red, flattened, juicy, sweetish fruits in 200-300 gr. resistant to disease, pests need treatment.
Ultra-early ripening, determinant, high-yielding, with the first brush at 5 leaves, ties 5-6 fruits in clusters, does not give stepchildren, with bright red, rounded, fleshy fruits 70-80 g (up to 22 kg). Very unpretentious. Resistant to disease.
Video about the tomato variety Riddle:
Early, high-yielding, indeterminate, forming clusters of 7-8 ovaries, with red small fruits containing an increased amount of ascorbic acid.
Highly productive, unpretentious, disease resistant.
Medium early, productive, indeterminate, with obligatory pinching and tying, with red, round fruits 80-120 gr (5 kg) each.
Medium early, productive, indeterminate (up to 110 cm), needs pinching and tying, with yellow fruits of 60 grams, which are collected in a brush of 7-8 pcs. Cold resistant.
Middle zone of Russia
Early ripe, tall, with obligatory tying and pinching, forms clusters with fruits from 10 to 15 pieces each.
Early - medium early fruitful, with fragrant, round fruits with a sour taste.
Knowing the characteristics of varieties and hybrids of tomatoes, the climatic features of your area, you can, with very little effort, grow a rich harvest of tomatoes. Good luck to you!