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How to harvest fatty spinach? Description of the culture and features of cultivation

How to harvest fatty spinach? Description of the culture and features of cultivation


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Spinach has long been a favorite part of our menu, both everyday and festive. There are just a huge variety of varieties of this plant, including Fat-leaved spinach. It is incredibly healthy, tasty, and also very beautiful.

The article provides detailed information on the properties and technology of growing this stunningly delicate early ripening variety. We will tell you all about the pros and cons of this variety and help you grow healthy greens.

Botanical description and history

Fat-leaved spinach is a herbaceous vegetable from the Amaranth family.

It reaches a height of forty centimeters, the leaves can have various shapes - oval, notched or pinnacled, their surface can be even or slightly bumpy.

The color of the leaves is dark green. Compact socket - no more than 28 centimeters... Peduncles form quickly on the male plant, and the seeds ripen on the female.

The plant is early maturing. From the moment of emergence to full maturity, only a month passes. Resistant to frost. This vegetable has been known to us for no more than two hundred years, and spinach comes from Ancient Persia. He came to Europe in the Middle Ages.

The first to appreciate it were the Spanish monks, who began to cultivate culture in the monastery gardens. In the 16-17 centuries, this variety belonged to a delicacy..

Medicinal properties and chemical composition

Based on 100 grams of product, spinach contains:

  • Vitamins:
    1. beta-carotene - 4.5 mg;
    2. A - 750 mcg;
    3. B1 - 0.1 mg;
    4. B2 - 0.25 mg;
    5. B5 - 0.3 mg;
    6. B6 - 0.1 mg;
    7. B9 - 80 mcg;
    8. C - 55 mg;
    9. E - 2.5 mg;
    10. H - 0.1 μg;
    11. K - 482.9 μg;
    12. PP - 1.2 mg;
    13. Choline - 18 mg
  • Macro and microelements:
    1. Ca - 106 mg;
    2. Mg - 82 mg;
    3. Na - 24 mg;
    4. K - 774 mg;
    5. R - 83 mg;
    6. Fe - 13.51 mg;
    7. Zn - 0.53 mg;
    8. Cu - 13 μg;
    9. Mn - 0.897 mg;
    10. Se - 1 μg.

Caloric content per 100 grams of product - 22 kcal. The plant has invigorating properties, the leaves have a diuretic and laxative effect. Spinach is a good antibacterial agent and also helps to fight stress and recuperate.

Contraindications

  • Urolithiasis and renal stone disease.
  • Cholelithiasis.
  • Gout.
  • Rheumatism.
  • Diseases of the duodenum.

Where is it used?

In cooking

  • It is an excellent colorant.
  • Add to canned food or canned it separately.
  • Fatty spinach is used as a filling for pies.
  • The leaves are added to vegetable salads, sauces and snacks.
  • Meat cutlets with spinach added are easier to digest.

Compared to other varieties, it is able not to interrupt the taste of the dishes, which include, but only slightly shade it.

In medicine

  • Used in the treatment of gastritis.
  • Eating spinach leaves is effective in treating anemia and hypertension.
  • In complex therapy, it is indispensable in the treatment of enterocolitis.
  • Spinach is good for the thyroid gland.
  • Has the ability to relieve eye strain and fatigue.
  • Continuous consumption of spinach has a beneficial effect on teeth and gums.

How does the taste differ?

Compared to other varieties fatty spinach tastes more neutral, very light, creamy and tender.

Growing and care

Spinach requires fertile, organic, acidic soil with good drainage. Planting feels especially good on sandy loam or loam. Spinach is rarely fed: the vegetable grows quickly and it is able to accumulate nitrates. Potash and phosphorus fertilizers can only be applied in the fall, into the dug soil.

The culture requires abundant watering, regular weeding and loosening, when the plant reaches ten centimeters in height, the planting needs to be thinned out. Watering is carried out in the morning and in the evening in dry weather, if it rains, then no earlier than two days later.

Temperature conditions depend on the growing region, so, in regions with summer rates no higher than +20, fatty spinach is planted in August-September in order to get a full harvest at the end of spring. For other regions fat-leaved spinach culture is unpretentious and feels quite comfortable at summer rates of + 25 + 27 degrees.

How to plant on a garden bed in the open field?

Seeds

  1. The preparation of seeds is that they are placed in warm water for two days, then taken out and dried well.
  2. Spinach is sown in two stages - in the fall, with the first shoots appearing as soon as the snow melts, and in the spring.
  3. During spring planting, if the soil is very compacted and oily, the bed method is used; for all other types of soils, planting in rows is practiced.
  4. In the ground, at a distance of 25-30 cm, grooves are made, rows, no more than two to three centimeters deep.
  5. Sow and cover with loose soil.
  6. As soon as the first shoots break through, they monitor that the access of oxygen to the roots is sufficient, for this the soil is loosened.

Seedlings

  1. In the seedling version of cultivation, seeds are sown in peat pots.
  2. Landing in the ground is carried out in April-May.
  3. The seedlings are placed at a distance of five to ten centimeters from each other, the pot is placed in the hole and sprinkled with earth.

A more time consuming, but also viable option for seedlings is growing seedlings in boxes or plastic containers. Such planting material is transplanted into the ground by the transfer method.

Features of growing at home

Fatty spinach is also suitable for growing at home - on the glazed balconies, on the windowsills on the south side. If the windows face north, additional lighting must be used. Sowing is done in flower pots every month due to the fact that spinach is usable for no more than eight weeks. Thus, you can establish uninterrupted production of greens. Plants that have survived several cuts and have given arrows are removed by the root.

The planting process is as follows:

  1. Drainage is laid at the bottom of a two-liter pot.
  2. The soil mixture can be taken for indoor plants.
  3. The seeds are buried no more than one centimeter, watered and covered with a film.
  4. After the emergence of shoots, it is about a week, the film is removed.
  5. Sufficient temperature + 15 + 18 degrees.
  6. Care consists in regular watering and feeding every ten days (you can use fertilizer for indoor flowers).

To prevent spinach from shooting as long as possible, it is regularly sprayed or washed with a shower jet twice a week.

When to Harvest?

The appearance of six to eight leaves on the plant is a signal that the spinach can be harvested. The maximum harvest time is the appearance of flower stalks... You can harvest in different ways: mow, cut or uproot.

Where to buy seeds?

Seeds and seedlings can be purchased at specialized stores. If a seed planting method is chosen, be sure to pay attention so that the seed is fresh.

Seedlings are acquired in the phase of two or three leaves.... There should be no damage or yellowed parts on it.

The price of seeds for Moscow and St. Petersburg ranges from 25 to 50 rubles, depending on the manufacturer. Seedlings in Moscow can be purchased at a price of 40 rubles per root, in St. Petersburg - 30-35 rubles.

Diseases and pests

Fatty spinach is susceptible to all kinds of rot: root or top of the plant:

  • fusarium;
  • peronosporosis;
  • anthracnose;
  • curly, cucumber mosaic.

The larvae of the miner fly bring significant harm to crops. To avoid contamination, you need to plant spinach away from the beets and remove the affected plants in time.

Getting a crop of fatty spinach both outdoors and at home is not difficult at all, given the early maturity of the crop and the simple growing technique. Even a novice gardener can cope with this task. Anyone can grow spinach of this variety.

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