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Delicious and fragrant Pinocchio tomato: instructions for growing on a windowsill, as well as subsequent care

Delicious and fragrant Pinocchio tomato: instructions for growing on a windowsill, as well as subsequent care


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Among the varieties of tomatoes grown as indoor and balcony ornamental plants, the Pinocchio variety occupies a worthy place, along with other “dwarfs” that have not only small fruits, but the growth of the bush does not exceed 25-30 cm.

It is worth noting that this variety of tomatoes is extremely productive and stable, with high germination and, with minimal care, giving up to one and a half kilograms of juicy fruits.

Its good taste and high fruiting has led to widespread use of the variety in horticulture and cooking.

Description and characteristics of the variety

Pinocchio tomatoes are an annual plant from the Solanaceae family, mid-season variety for growing at home on balconies and window sills with a growth period of 85-95 days... The maximum stem height is 20-35 centimeters, the plant does not require pinching. The yield is high, up to one and a half kilograms from one bush, up to 10 fruits on one bunch.

Used in cooking for fresh consumption and whole fruit preservation. High resistance to pests.

  • Fruits: flat-round, with a glossy shine, smooth, the size of a walnut, weight up to 25-30 grams.
  • The pulp is juicy, the taste is sweet and sour. The central stem is dense, firm, strong, holds the whole bush well.
  • The foliage is lush, with patterned edges, dark green.
  • The flowers are small, up to 1 centimeter, bright yellow in color. The aroma is expressed in all parts of the plant.

History of creation

This culture was brought to Europe at the beginning of the 18th century and was initially cultivated as an ornamental pot plant. In the future, breeding experts from South America isolated genes in the variety responsible for taste, and through numerous experiments they fixed this trait in the plant. The bred hybrid culture received high resistance in the external environment, an attractive appearance and good taste characteristics.

Preparatory activities

Location, lighting, temperature, humidity

Preferred cultivation on the southwest, southeast side, the north side is not recommended for cultivation.

The plant is light-requiring, daylight hours should be at least eight hours a day. The air temperature for sowing seeds is 20-35 degrees, when shoots appear - 15-18 degrees, for further growth - 18-22 degrees. The optimum air humidity is 40-60%, it is not recommended to go beyond this range.

Choice of capacity

  1. Flower pots: height no more than 15-20 centimeters, volume no more than 6-7 liters, but not less than 3 liters (necessary for the timely and correct development of the root system). Material - plastic, ceramics, clay, wood. The shape is round, rectangular.
  2. Boxes: the size should not exceed 25 by 40 centimeters with the height of the box no more than 20 centimeters. Material - wood, plastic, polyethylene. The shape is square or rectangular.
  3. The use of plastic bottles with a cut off top is allowedbecause their transparency allows good regulation of soil moisture and watering.

Any container must have a pallet.

How to grow tomato seedlings at home?

Seed selection

For planting, seeds are chosen not older than two years of age.

  1. They are lowered into a container with water so that the water level is 1-2 centimeters higher than the seed level.
  2. After half an hour, the floating seeds are removed, which are empty.
  3. After that, the seeds are treated with a weak solution of potassium permanganate for 15-20 minutes or with a ready-made fungicide.
  4. Remove seeds with external damage and cracks.

The day before sowing, the seeds are soaked in 5-6 layers of wet gauze.

Correct soil preparation

The soil should be loose and fertile, enriched with minerals, with a neutral or slightly acidic environment. Soil from beds more than 2 years old is not used.

It is preferable to purchase ready-made soil for tomatoes, also you can prepare the soil yourself:

  1. take 1 part of the garden land from those plots where tomatoes did not grow before (1 bucket);
  2. dried;
  3. add 1 bucket of humus, 1 bucket of peat and 200 grams of wood ash;
  4. phosphorus fertilizer is added to the finished mixture.

Sowing

Sowing time: late March or early April. For winter harvest, seeds are planted in September. Seeds are planted one at a time or in nests of 2-3 seeds in one seedling cup to a depth of no more than 1.5-2 centimeters. After sowing, the soil is watered and covered with plastic or cling film. The optimum temperature for germinating seeds is at least 25 degrees.

Seedling care

Seedlings germinate in about 4-5 days from sowing, after which the film should be removed and the seedlings should be transferred to a room with a temperature of 15-18 degrees, which contributes to the good development of the root system.

The optimum temperature for further plant growth is 18-22 degrees. After 2-3 true leaves appear at the seedlings, they dive, the false leaves are removed. Watering of seedlings is carried out 1 time in 3-4 days, depending on the moisture content of the soil. No crust formation is allowed on the ground.

Transfer

The seedlings are planted in a permanent place no earlier than when they reach 12-13 centimeters in height (after 20-32 days from the emergence of shoots). The strongest seedlings without yellow leaves are selected for planting.

Preparing for transplant:

  1. Seedlings are carefully removed from the cups, after moistening the soil so as not to damage the root system.
  2. After removing the seedlings, the roots are checked: the root shaft should be one, strong and long, multiple thin branches extend from it.

After that, the soil is prepared. It is forbidden to use loamy and sandy loam soils, it is also not recommended to take old soil on which tomatoes previously grew. The soil can be prepared by yourself using the same technology as for sowing seeds. If only soil is taken from the beds, then less mineral fertilizers are used.

Planting frequency - no more than 8 seedlings per 1 square meter. The transplanted seedlings are watered with warm water and lightly tamped the soil around the stem.

Step by step care instructions

Watering and fertilizing

Watering is carried out regularly as the soil dries out. Avoid acidification or crusting. If the container for seedlings is transparent, watering is regulated according to the appearance of the soil, making sure that no mold appears on the edges of the container. Water for irrigation must be pre-settled for 3-5 days, at room temperature.

Fertilizers are introduced only after the fifth true leaf appears in the seedlings. As a top dressing they use:

  • ready-made mineral fertilizers ("Superphosphate", urea);
  • wood ash;
  • eggshell;
  • Brewer's yeast.

Natural fertilizers are prepared according to the scheme of 20 grams per one bush, or use a mullein (1 part for 5 parts of water) at the rate of 1 liter of solution per 1 bush. After 10-14 days, feeding is repeated with the same composition. It is allowed to carry out dressings during the fruit ovary. 10 days before harvesting, feeding is stopped.

Temperature

Temperature regime at night: the temperature must be maintained at least 18 degrees. In the daytime, the temperature should not be lower than 20-22 degrees.

Pruning and pinching

Pinching is carried out relative to the upper tip of the stem when it exceeds a height of 20-25 centimeters. This will allow the bush to grow more lush and produce more fruit. Also, too large branches are pinched. It is necessary to remove excess flowers from the plant. Pruning is carried out only when the stem reaches 35 centimeters to prevent excessive growth in height.

Supports, hanging

This variety does not need supporting or hanging. provided that the pinching and trimming are performed correctly. The stem of the plant is strong and stable, it holds the whole bush well on itself.

When growing a variety in greenhouse conditions or in open ground, props are carried out if the stem height exceeds 35 centimeters, using wooden pegs or ladders.

Suspension by thin long pieces of cloth to the tapestry is possible. Loosening of the soil is carried out after each watering in parallel with the removal of weeds.

Fruit picking

When the plant reaches a height of 28-35 centimeters (65-70 days of vegetation), fruits begin to ripen on it. In this case, the plant turns yellow and gradually dries up. Up to one and a half kilogram of tomato is harvested from one bush upon reaching a bright red color.

Additional tips and warnings

  • This variety is not susceptible to the development of diseases, but it can get sick with improper care. It is not recommended to spray the plant, since moisture ingress has a detrimental effect on the foliage and causes it to turn yellow.
  • With natural drying of the plant, additional measures are not necessary, since the bush has a short life span, and drying is a normal process. Manifestations: gradually yellowing and drying of foliage and branches from top to bottom.
  • During the growing season, it is necessary to remove weeds and loosen the soil, at the time of transplanting seedlings - to remove false leaves.
  • During the flowering period, be sure to carefully shake the bushes, which helps them to pollinate qualitatively.
  • Ripe tomatoes should not be left on the branches - if they are removed in a timely manner, fruiting will be abundant.
  • Lack of natural light can cause growth retardation, a deterioration in the taste of the fruit and even the death of the plant, therefore, it is recommended to carry out additional lighting with fluorescent lamps in winter.

The dwarf variety "Pinocchio" has a decorative appearance, high yield and rich mineral composition. The lush foliage of the plant, combined with small bright fruits, makes it possible to grow the variety as a pot plant at any time of the year, and the dense and strong tomatoes are suitable for whole-fruit canning and have a memorable sweet and sour taste.

Video review of the "Pinocchio" tomato:


Watch the video: How To Grow Tomatoes On Windowsill (May 2022).


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