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Growing conditions are essential for the successful cultivation of vegetables. Common vitamin parsley is no exception.
It especially affects the quality of the resulting crop in the future, the choice of the correct site for planting this greenery.
In our article, we will tell you exactly where to plant a plant on the site in order to get a good harvest, as well as give useful recommendations for care and cultivation.
Why is it important to choose the right landing site?
It is necessary to decide on a site for sowing parsley. Many vegetable growers note the unpretentiousness of greenery, but still the culture is demanding on soil moisture, looseness, fertility.
The chosen place for planting parsley affects the following components:
- root development;
- the formation of succulent foliage;
- taste of greens;
- ripening period;
- the degree of soil depletion;
- thoroughness of planting care.
An illiterate choice of a place for sowing can lead to small yields of poor quality with huge costs associated with growing greenery.
Where is the best place to plant a plant? When planting in very waterlogged areas, in places where groundwater is close, parsley is damaged by powdery mildew, black dry rot, rust, damaged by slugs and aphids.
The roots of plants on heavy soils with a dense structure will deform. Viscous, oily, dense soil slows down the vegetation process of vegetables. Crops will develop poorly in lowlands in low light conditions.
Seedlings are affected by pests in the beds where the harvest of carrots, caraway seeds, dill, cilantro was harvested. Root varieties will branch strongly if fresh manure has been introduced into the soil before planting. The presence of weeds will hinder the growth of seedlings.
Where is it better to sow - in the shade or in the sun?
Greens are very light-requiring. Parsley grows well in well-lit areas, but it is not afraid of partial shade either. For example, a good harvest can be harvested by growing crops in beds shaded by corn crops.
Planting in sunny areas is considered the most effective. Crops planted in partial shade sprout later.
In winter, cultivating greens in greenhouse conditions with a short daylight hours, it is necessary to provide artificial additional lighting for the plants. Where to plant parsley at home? Home plantings are best placed on the windowsills on the south and southwest sides, for good culture development, it is necessary to illuminate 13-16 hours a day with powerful lamps (40 V each) in winter, otherwise the greens will stretch out strongly and give very few juicy leaves.
Requirements for the growing area
Greens are cultivated both in open rows and at home. At the same time, the requirements for the landing site are not significant, but still differ.
For growing parsley on a windowsill, containers with small drainage holes are suitable.
The boxes are filled with soil half with sand. Garden soil or store-bought soil will work. The soil is watered with warm water, tamped, small grooves are made, where the seeds will be placed, deepening by 0.5 cm.
The soil in the containers should always remain slightly damp. So that a crust does not form on the surface, the soil is sprinkled with loose earth with a layer of 2 cm. The room is maintained at a temperature of 16–20 degrees Celsius. The planting site is additionally illuminated with powerful (40 V) fluorescent lamps, which are placed about 60 cm from the container with parsley seedlings.
In the open field
The beds for planting on the site should be well lit, not blown by strong winds, and not be flooded. Crop rotation is taken into account. They choose the places where such vegetables used to grow:
- early varieties of cabbage.
In the areas of harvesting carrots, coriander, caraway seeds, dill, planting is not carried out. Plain terrain is chosen for sowing. For forcing early greenery, slopes from the south or southeast are used.
What plants can be planted next to parsley is described in this material.
Root varieties are planted in places where the predecessor crops were fertilized with manure last season. This is a distinctive feature of site selection for this type of parsley. But for leafy varieties, soil is already needed with feeding from fresh manure. There should be a source nearby that can be used to water the plants. Read more about the features of planting root parsley here, and this article tells about the nuances of sowing leafy varieties.
How to prepare it?
- The site begins to be dug up in the fall. After harvesting the crop - the predecessor, the soil is fertilized. Manure is applied for future planting of root parsley, fertilizers (mineral and organic) are used for leaf varieties. First, you need to dig up the soil 25 cm deep, level it well.
- On the dug beds for root parsley, grooves of 2 cm must be made, the row spacing should be 20 cm each.For winter plantings, beds are chosen after harvesting tomatoes, cucumbers or zucchini, such a site is prepared a month before sowing the seeds.
- The soil should be loose and moderately fertile so that the germination of the planting material is not hampered. For a more porous structure, sand with dry humus is introduced into the soil. Digging up a plot in the fall, organic matter is introduced (3-4 kg / sq. Meter). Since early spring, the site has already been fertilized in a complex manner, adding substances:
- superphosphates (15 g / sq. meter);
- potassium chloride (20 g / sq. meter);
- saltpeter (20 g / sq. meter is enough).
- When the soil is completely thawed, it is loosened to a depth of 10 to 16 cm.
- About 7 days before spring planting, the beds are covered with a film, this will ensure the germination of weeds. Then the shelter is removed. Sprouted weeds are pulled out. Thanks to this technique with the film, the seedlings will be able to ascend, take root, and develop without hindrance.
Recommendations for soil improvement
The soil structure is improved by digging to a depth of 25-30 cm. They enrich the soil in autumn by applying mineral fertilizers. In the spring, potassium-phosphorus nutrients are used on the site. For better air permeability of the soil, it is necessary to loosen the aisles after each heavy watering or rain.
Important! If the groundwater is very close to the surface, it is necessary to erect high beds for sowing parsley.
Clay soil can be improved by digging it up, while adding sand. A slightly acidic and neutral soil environment is more suitable for parsley. Too acidic soil can be neutralized using the following techniques:
- wood ash introduction (700 g per 1 square meter);
- the use of lime (on average 300 g per 1 square meter);
- use of dolomite flour (600 g per 1 square meter).
It is necessary to carefully choose a site for sowing greenery, so that there are no problems with seed germination, poor sprout development, increased costs of seedling care.
Can the plant be transplanted to another location?
In what cases is it worth replanting a plant to another place and can it be done? This is possible when parsley is cultivated in seedlings. Often, before the beginning of winter, root varieties are transferred from a soil bed to containers on window sills or in greenhouses. The procedure is carried out in cool weather:
- Dig the parsley with a large clod of earth, transfer it to the house in a cool, dark place for adaptation, while watering it moderately. When planting in a pot, the crops are not deeply buried so that it does not rot.
- After a few days, they transfer the pots to a warm place, begin to water abundantly. In cloudy weather, it is necessary to equip additional lighting for the plants.
When replanting parsley from one bed to another, do not shake off earthy clods from crops. Do not forget about abundant irrigation.
A well-chosen site for planting is the key to collecting a good harvest of parsley. Juicy greens can be grown, taking into account the conditions of fertility, moisture, acidity, soil structure, the rules of crop rotation, high-quality preparation of the site for crops.