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All about planting parsley in the spring outdoors or at home. What should be the first care?

All about planting parsley in the spring outdoors or at home. What should be the first care?


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Parsley deservedly occupies an important place among the ingredients for the preparation of many dishes. Its pleasant taste and aroma make food tastier and healthier.

This plant contains a large amount of vitamins. Parsley can be planted on your own in your summer cottage or at home.

In this article, we will tell you what is the peculiarity of the spring planting of parsley, how to do it correctly to get a good harvest, and also how to deal with the difficulties that have arisen during cultivation.

Features and differences of sowing in spring

For sowing parsley, it is better to choose spring. The optimal time begins in April, after warming and the end of frost.

Spring is the best time to plant as it will avoid the negative effects of frost on the seeds. Some gardeners plant this plant from October to November, as well as from June to July. Sowing time of seeds depends on the purpose of planting. Sowing seeds in the summer is needed to grow greens in the next season. But if you want to have early shoots of parsley, then it is advisable to sow it closer to the onset of winter.

When to sow during this period?

In spring, parsley should be planted after warm weather and lack of snow and frost. The first sowing on greens is recommended in early April. It is recommended to carry out the landing taking into account the readings of the lunar calendar. It indicates favorable and unfavorable days for sowing this culture. In practice, many gardeners use the lunar calendar. It is based on the influence of the lunar phases on plant growth.

Scientists have long established that The moon affects the life of plants. Therefore, it is known that there are favorable periods in which it is best to plant. In April, favorable dates: 2,3,20 and 29, and in May, favorable dates will be 4,5,6,9,10,26 and 27 May.

Parsley can be grown:

  • In the open field (in the garden).
  • Indoors (in a greenhouse, in a pot / box on a windowsill).

In big cities, it is popular to grow parsley on the windowsill, because people want to brighten up their table with fresh herbs grown by their own hands. But it is best to grow it in the garden. Planting, as already mentioned, is best done from the beginning of April, when there are no frosts that can destroy the plants. Despite the resistance of parsley to frost (it can tolerate frosts down to minus 10 degrees), it is advisable to plant during a period when frosts are unlikely.

Which variety to choose?

Most suitable varieties for planting in spring. Common parsley - has a pleasant smell and excellent taste. The harvest can be obtained in 2 - 2.5 months after the appearance of the first shoots. This species can produce greenery until autumn.

Varieties of leaf parsley.

Carnival

Gives results 2 months after germination. Seedlings appear 2 weeks after sowing. This variety needs good watering.

Bogatyr

Differs in abundant growth. Crops are ready for cutting 2-2.5 months after germination.

Mooskrause 2

An early ripe variety, you can cut off the greens in 1.5-2 months after germination.

Slavic

Has compact bushes. The variety has a peculiarity - it germinates not earlier than 3 weeks after planting in the ground.

The most suitable varieties of root parsley are: bordikovskaya, fruitful, sugar and Berlin (read about the peculiarities of planting root parsley here).

Where and for how much can you buy planting material?

Parsley seeds (the package contains 2 g of seeds) can be bought in Moscow and St. Petersburg at a price of 2 to 20 rubles, depending on the variety (Bogatyr -19 rubles; Ordinary -2 rubles). In these cities, the prices for seeds are practically the same.

Step by step instructions: how to plant correctly?

Houses

Parsley can be grown at home on a windowsill. It is advisable to use early maturing varieties:

  • Gloria;
  • Aster;
  • Mooskrause 2;
  • Beads.

This will allow you to get the harvest earlier. You can grow crops in a pot or box.

The procedure for preparing for sowing and planting seeds:

  1. You need to soak the seeds for 1-3 days before sowing. It is required to change the water 2 times a day, this will ensure friendly seed shoots. Soak the seeds in a weak manganese solution one hour before planting.
  2. Take a container (pot or box) and fill it with soil. The container must be equipped with drainage holes. The soil can be taken from the garden or purchased from a gardening store. It should be fertile, chernozem soil is quite suitable.
  3. To fertilize the soil and improve root growth in seedlings, add 2-3 tablespoons of superphosphate and chalk to a bucket of soil mixture.

    Attention! Parsley does not like an excess of moisture in the soil, but needs regular, moderate watering.

  4. You need to water the garden bed with warm water and tamp it lightly.
  5. Rows for parsley are made at intervals of 12 cm (for curly varieties, the interval is less). You can also sow common varieties in planting nests at a distance of 10-12 cm from each other.
  6. Sowing seeds should be carried out to a depth of about 5 mm. The soil must be moistened.

In order to avoid the formation of a soil crust, the soil should be sprinkled with a small layer of loose earth. To plant parsley at home in a box, no specialized equipment is required.

In the open field

  • Seedling method.
    1. After germination of seedlings, they must be carefully moistened with a sprayer so as not to damage the seedlings.
    2. 1 month after germination, the seedlings can be dived and transplanted into separate pots.
    3. Then the seedlings are planted in the ground, with a row spacing of 12 cm, the distance in a row should be about 6-8 cm.
    4. We need timely watering, as well as systematic feeding with complex fertilizers.
  • In a reckless way. Growing by sowing seeds is the most common and easiest way.
    1. Planting can be done in early April.
    2. 3 days before planting, the seeds are soaked in water (water must be changed 2 times a day), 3 hours before planting, the seeds must be soaked in a weak solution of manganese. Soaking removes essential oils from the seeds that interfere with plant growth.
    3. Parsley prefers loose and fertile soil. The planting site in the fall is fertilized with humus or manure.
    4. In the spring, you need to apply a complex fertilizer containing superphosphate, potassium chloride and nitrogen fertilizer to the soil. It is better to place the sown areas in a place that is lighted and closed from drafts.

Important! Parsley grows poorly after the cruciferous family: carrots, dill, cilantro or cumin. After them, greens cannot be planted on this bed for another 3-4 years.

You will find out about the compatibility of parsley with other crops here, and this material tells about the choice of a place on the site for planting.

From the inventory for growing parsley you need: shovel, hoe, rake, irrigation system. When grown on an industrial scale, the soil for planting parsley is prepared using a plow and harrows. Seeds are sown in open ground in regular rows - the distance between rows is 12 cm, the distance in a row is 6-8 cm.The depth of sowing seeds is about 0.5 cm.

Read more about the rules for planting leafy parsley in open ground in this article.

In the greenhouse

Growing parsley in a greenhouse is much easier than other vegetable crops. Its cultivation is not difficult and does not require special financial costs. When grown in a greenhouse, parsley is planted at the end of January. A temperature of +12 degrees is required. In case of growth at temperatures above +20, the parsley leaves will begin to dry. Parsley needs additional lighting during the winter. Watering should be moderate. The optimum air humidity is 75%.

Waterlogging of the soil and stagnation of moisture in the soil can lead to diseases and death of crops. Parsley in greenhouses is planted by seedlings or by sowing seeds. The conditions, inventory and scheme of planting seeds and seedlings of this plant are identical with planting in the open field.

Primary care

  1. After sowing the seeds, they are sprinkled with a small layer of soil into the soil, which is slightly compacted and irrigated with water.
  2. Before sprouting, the bed can be covered with foil. It is advisable to water the soil before planting seeds.
  3. Before sprouting, you need to moderately moisturize the soil and control weeds.
  4. After germination, crop thinning is carried out (during the formation of 2 or 3 leaves).
  5. Also, fertilizing is carried out with complex fertilizer, two weeks after it, repeated feeding is carried out.

What can cause difficulties and how to solve them?

Excessive soil moisture can cause difficulties. It is necessary to prevent waterlogging of the soil, as this can lead to diseases and death of plants. Crops can be affected by pests: carrot fly, melon aphid, nematodes, as well as fungal diseases. A wide range of insecticides and fungicides are available to control them. Timely detection and treatment of foci of diseases will preserve the harvest. The rest of the agricultural technology for growing parsley is simple and does not present any particular difficulties.

Growing parsley is possible both in a summer cottage and on a windowsill in an apartment. Parsley is in demand among the population, so growing this plant can be a profitable business that does not require large financial investments.

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