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Sweet potato and Jerusalem artichoke are the same thing or not? Sweet potato and Jerusalem artichoke are ever more firmly included in the life of gardeners, not only due to the beneficial properties of their fruits, but also for their attractive appearance during flowering.
The popularity of both sweet potato and Jerusalem artichoke is gaining momentum, but even among plant lovers there are still those who confuse them.
However, many people think that the two names refer to the same plant. Far from it. After reading the article, you can easily verify this.
Brief definition and botanical description
Batat - what is it?
The sweet potato is an annual, herbaceous, photophilous, drought tolerant crop.
Numerous thickenings are formed on the roots - tubers, which can be of various shapes and sizes. Sweet potato stems are creeping, branch well and firmly strengthen.
The people received the name earthen pear. Unlike sweet potatoes, Jerusalem artichoke is a perennial plant that can withstand very low temperatures. Forms underground tubers that intertwine with each other. The aboveground part of Jerusalem artichoke is very similar to sunflower.
Thus, sweet potato and Jerusalem artichoke are completely different plants, both in terms of growth time and properties.
A detailed description of Jerusalem artichoke in this video:
What is the difference?
Externally data plants differ in both the aerial part and the tubers... Sweet potato tubers are oblong, fairly even. Coloring can be very different: from yellow to purple.
Jerusalem artichoke tubers are lumpy, fancifully curved. The color can vary from white to dark yellow, depending on the variety (read more about the types and varieties of Jerusalem artichoke here).
Sweet potato stems are flexible, creeping. Flowers can be different in color: white, pink, pale lilac. The shape of the flower resembles a bell. Jerusalem artichoke reaches a fairly high size... Stems are straight, rather thick. The inflorescences are yellow, similar to a large chamomile (you can learn about how Jerusalem artichoke blooms, as well as look at folk recipes for decoctions and infusions with flowers, you can here).
Place of growth
Peru is considered the birthplace of sweet potato. Therefore, the plant is very thermophilic, loves well-lit places, and is resistant to drought. Where Jerusalem artichoke first appeared is unknown. It was eaten by the tribes of the Brazilian Indians. The plant has a fairly wide range of habitats. It can grow both in tropical conditions and in temperate climates of middle latitudes.
The calorie content of sweet potatoes is almost one and a half times higher than that of potatoes (approximately 108 kcal per 100 g of product). Any of its types and varieties contain proteins, fats, dietary fiber and carbohydrates. Among the vitamins are: A, B1, B2, B3, B4, B5, B6, B9, C, E and K. The sweet potato contains a lot of potassium, magnesium, phosphorus, zinc and other minerals.
In terms of chemical composition, Jerusalem artichoke tubers are very similar to potatoes. The earthen pear is superior in nutritional value to many vegetables.
Jerusalem artichoke tubers contain about 4% protein, a large amount of mineral salts, soluble polysaccharide inulin (from 16 to 18%), fructose, trace elements, 2-4% nitrogenous substances. They are very rich in vitamin B1, contain vitamin C, carotene.
We talked in detail about the calorie content, chemical composition, content of Jerusalem artichoke BJU in a separate article.
Benefit and harm
Sweet potato is a very healthy vegetable. It's all about its chemical composition. The variety of vitamins and minerals makes it indispensable for diseases such as:
- high blood pressure;
- chronic fatigue, neuroses;
- poor blood clotting.
Important. Overuse of sweet potatoes can cause an allergic reaction.
The benefits of the earthen pear cannot be underestimated.... In Japan, Jerusalem artichoke is even included in some foods. Eating a vegetable helps to support the body with various pathologies:
- diseases of the gastrointestinal tract;
- improper metabolism;
- with skin problems;
- with neuritis and disorders of the nervous system.
Of course, you need to be careful when eating sweet potatoes and Jerusalem artichoke.
Sweet potatoes, for example, should not be consumed during pregnancy, as this can negatively affect the development of the fetus. The high content of vitamin C has a devastating effect on the gastrointestinal tract. In addition sweet potato has a pronounced laxative effect... Therefore, people who have problems with stool should refrain from eating sweet potatoes.
Jerusalem artichoke can be harmful if you have a bleeding disorder. It is necessary to carefully use an earthen pear in food for cholelithiasis and urolithiasis. The root vegetable can cause stone movement, blockage or damage to the ureters or bile ducts.
Read more about the medicinal properties of Jerusalem artichoke here, and from this article you will find out what benefits the vegetable contains and whether it can harm the body.
Sweet potato is widely used in the field of culinary... In some countries, such as India, sweet potato dishes are traditional.
Jerusalem artichoke has a wider range of applications. It is used not only for cooking, but also for medical purposes, as well as for the preparation of cosmetics. Not only tubers are used, but also the leaves of an earthen pear.
You may be interested in looking at our articles on the beneficial properties of a not-so-well-known Jerusalem artichoke syrup product, as well as how to prepare and use dried vegetable for treatment.
Which is better to choose, when and why?
Of course, this question cannot be definitely answered. Everything is based on the preferences of the individual. Jerusalem artichoke has more advantages in terms of cultivation., which is quite unpretentious and survives in any conditions (read more about growing and planting Jerusalem artichoke rules here) Based on taste preferences, the palm can be given to sweet potatoes, since there are a huge number of root vegetable varieties from which an incredible variety of dishes can be prepared.
Both sweet potato and Jerusalem artichoke have earned the title of useful and necessary plants. Nowadays, more and more often on personal plots you can find their plantings. And in the matter of choosing one or another plant, everyone must proceed from their individual preferences. The most important thing in any business is a sense of proportion.