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Parsley is unusually healthy, tasty and unpretentious greens in terms of growing. It contains a huge amount of vitamin C (there is several times more of it in the roots of greenery than in lemon), vitamin E, a high content of B vitamins (B1, B2, B6, B9), a large amount of potassium, calcium, magnesium and phosphorus ...
Parsley contains phytohormones, its use is beneficial for both women and men. Greens grow well both in the open field and in the greenhouse. But even in the absence of a summer residence, parsley can be perfectly cultivated at home. Consider in the article how to properly plant root parsley in an apartment in a pot on a windowsill or on a balcony, how to feed it when harvesting at home.
Features of growing greenery at home and differences from a greenhouse or in the open field
- Parsley is a very light-loving herb... When grown outdoors or in a greenhouse, you don't have to worry about additional lighting. In the conditions of an apartment, it is worth choosing the brightest place in the room - windows facing south will be preferable.
When growing greenery at home, you should take care of additional lighting - this is especially true in autumn or early spring, when there is little sun.
- It will be necessary to carefully monitor the temperature and dryness of the air.... Ideal for growing greenery - about 18 - 20 degrees Celsius. If the temperature is much higher, you need to ventilate the room and put additional screening from the sun.
- Soil moisture also requires more serious control.... In the open field, the roots of parsley go to a considerable depth, from where they get water, and the risk of moisture stagnation is also minimal. In a box near the greenery, the roots may begin to rot when the soil is waterlogged, and the leaves turn yellow when there is insufficient irrigation.
It is recommended to water the parsley in boxes every day, in small portions, gently sprinkling water, ideally with a flower sprayer. After each irrigation, it is necessary to slightly loosen the soil.
You can learn more about growing parsley here.
Which varieties to choose?
There are no special varieties of parsley to grow on balconies and window sills, but when buying seeds, you should choose early ripening varieties - you can harvest at home 10-12 days earlier.
Early maturing include:
- Green pearls.
On the packaging, this property of greenery will be indicated.
The later varieties have higher yields, but the cultivation period is much longer.... If you have enough time, you can plant one late one on two or three pots of early parsley to extend the harvest time.
When to sow and what does planting time depend on?
Both seed and root parsley can be grown all year round, but the best time is when daylight hours get longer. If the seeds are planted at the end of February, fresh greens can be cut in mid-April, after a month and a half.
Winter parsley, planted in autumn, requires even more careful maintenance - mandatory additional lighting in the form of a fluorescent lamp, air humidification and watering twice a day. Under these conditions, greens, although less bright and fragrant than in summer, can delight even at Christmas.
Growing on a window on a windowsill and on a balcony - is there a difference?
Growing greenery on the balcony is preferable, as there is usually more light and parsley grows better.
Reference! Large containers can be installed on the balcony, in which the greenery will feel more comfortable than in a small pot on the windowsill.
Step by step instructions: how to plant greens at home?
What needs to be prepared?
- A pot or drawer that has holes for water to drain.
- Drainage (washed small stones, broken brick, you can buy ready-made).
- Nutrient soil.
- Watering can or sprayer for indoor flowers.
If the box is large, you will need a small hoe for the subsequent loosening of the soil., if the pot is small, you can loosen the soil with your hands. In the future, you will need a ready-made dressing for greens or seedlings.
Since modern purchased seeds are carefully selected and have a high germination rate, in order to germinate, there is no need to clean and sort them.
The seeds collected at the dacha are preliminarily freed from small debris.
Essential oils of seeds prevent their rapid germination... To speed up the germination of seeds - before planting, the seeds must be wrapped in several layers of gauze, held for a few minutes under a stream of running, preferably warm water and left in a wet cloth for a couple of days.
What kind of soil is needed?
For growing parsley, ready-made soil for seedlings, indoor flowers or greenery is suitable. It is not worth saving on the purchase of soil - the better and more nutritious soil is used, the more greenery will grow.
If you want to prepare the perfect soil yourself, you need to buy:
- ready-made earthen mixture for flowers or seedlings;
- coconut fiber;
- sifted ash;
- a piece of chalk;
We mix the ingredients in the ratio: 50% of the finished soil, 10% of coconut fiber, 30% of peat, 10% of vermiculite. While stirring, add a little sifted ash and chalk - for additional nutrition of the soil and preventing its acidification in the future.
In the most extreme case, you can use the land from the dacha, enriched with recycled compost and other organic matter.
A prerequisite for growing greens is good drainage. - parsley does not tolerate moisture stagnation. At the bottom of the pot or box, you need to pour a little broken brick, stones or ready-made granulate.
We choose the brightest place in the house for greenery. On the balcony, you can put a box in any place with maximum illumination. In the apartment, you must choose a window on the sunny side.
If it is possible to move the box from one window sill to another during the day in order to provide the parsley with as long daylight hours as possible, this is worth doing. In the evening, you can turn on the fluorescent lamp. Also once every two to three days, the pot must be turned backwards to the sun.
- The seeds are planted in well-moisturized soil. In densely compacted, thoroughly spilled soil, it is necessary to make grooves about 1 cm deep, into which to sow seeds - at a distance of a centimeter from each other.
- Then sprinkle the seeds with earth and use a spray bottle to thoroughly but gently moisten the top layer of the soil.
Important! After planting, before the first shoots, watering is undesirable. At night, the pot must be covered with a film to create a greenhouse effect; in the morning, the protection must be removed to ensure high-quality ventilation.
- So that the soil does not dry out, you need to remove the pot from the bright sun into the shade before the shoots appear and provide additional humidification in the room.
- If the soil is still dry, it must be moistened very carefully, with fine water dust from a spray bottle for flowers.
We suggest you watch a video about planting parsley seeds at home:
Read more about planting parsley here, and learn more about growing greens from seedlings here.
Further care of seedlings
- If the shoots are too abundant, the parsley must be thinned out, otherwise the stems will be too thin, and the leaves are few. The distance between the branches should be about 4 cm.
- The pot with greens should be turned over every two to three days with the back side to the sun so that the greens grow evenly.
- Watering at home - daily, using a spray bottle for flowers. After each watering, the soil must be slightly loosened, you can from time to time "dust" the ground with dry soil from above, so that the main layer does not dry out.
- Top dressing for parsley - weekly, with special fertilizers for greens, seedlings or flowers.
Waterlogging of the soil must not be allowed - drainage must be of high quality. In spring and autumn, it is advisable to use fluorescent lamps in order to extend the daylight hours for greenery and increase the green mass.
When can you cut and how to store the crop?
As soon as the branches reach a height of 10-12 cm, the greens can be cut off and eaten. For winter storage, parsley can be frozen or dried.
Small portion bags or containers are suitable for freezing. - the washed, dried greens are finely chopped, tamped tightly in a container and sent to the freezer. You can store such blanks all winter.
For drying, you can use a vegetable dryer or in a simple way - chop the greens finely, put them on a large surface in a thin layer in the shade and stir periodically.
Store dried parsley in a dark, dry place., in a tight-fitting jar.
We invite you to watch a video about freezing parsley:
We suggest you watch a video about drying parsley:
With careful care and following all the rules described above problems with growing greens at home should not arise... The main task is to understand whether it is possible to spray the growing greens on a daily basis and provide them with sufficient lighting.
- Parsley grows poorly in the absence of the sun, and even lamps of additional light solve this problem poorly. There is a high risk of waterlogging the greens - if the drainage is done poorly, the roots will immediately begin to rot, and the greens will die before they can harvest.
- With dry air in an apartment or balcony, the edges of the leaves will begin to dry out and turn yellow. In February-April, when the heating system is operating at full capacity, it is necessary to install a humidifier or air washer in the room.
- With insufficient feeding, the greens grow thin and too tall, with few leaves, pale and weak. With regular soil enrichment, this problem, as a rule, does not exist.
Thus, growing parsley for herbs at home requires effort and almost daily attention. Regular watering, frequent feeding, additional lighting are necessary conditions for obtaining a rich harvest. But the result is definitely worth it - fresh, full of vitamins, fragrant herbs on the table can delight you almost all year round!