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Own business is the main way to gain financial independence. Aspiring entrepreneurs often do not have enough start-up capital. Therefore, the main condition for starting a business is the availability of finance to start your own business.
The cultivation of garlic as a type of activity at low costs is exactly that start of business, which does not require significant investment of finance and has high profitability. To obtain high rates and big profits, you need to study the cultivation technique and understand the details of this production.
Advantages and disadvantages
- at the initial stage, it is difficult to find a reliable supplier of seed;
- the need to cultivate and fertilize the soil;
- for the growth of winter varieties of garlic, a soil containing sand is required;
- in the absence of wholesale buyers, sales difficulties may arise.
- high popularity of the product among the population;
- little competition;
- simple agricultural technology;
- the possibility of growing in a small area;
- the presence of agricultural machinery is not required;
- small amount of start-up investments;
- no special knowledge is needed to start this type of activity.
Reference! When growing garlic, it is also advisable to grow vegetables and onions.
Average yield from 1 ha and 1 are in Russia
How many kg of product can be grown on 1 acre and how much can be harvested from 1 hectare for sale? If the basic agricultural technologies are observed, from 1 hectare of land, you can get a harvest of garlic in the amount of about 13 tons, therefore, from 1 hundred square meters the yield will be 130 kilograms.
It is necessary to spend 6,000 rubles to prepare the soil with an area of 20 acres... According to the plan, this includes plowing, harrowing, as well as preparing the soil directly for planting. The price of planting material will be approximately 20,000, since at least 200 kg will be required for sowing on an area of 20 acres (at a price of 100 rubles per kilogram of seed).
To prepare the soil, you will need 8 tons of fertilizer - peat or humus. For this you will need to pay 25,000 rubles.
Storage of the grown product is possible:
- in an already existing country house.
- construction of a specialized storage facility for garlic.
The total cost of setting up a business according to the developed plan is about 90,000 rubles. But in the presence of a ready-made structure, adapted for storing garlic, the construction of a warehouse is no longer necessary. If there are good soil conditions that are suitable for growing bulbous crops, it is possible to reduce the amount of fertilizer applied. These factors can significantly reduce the amount of start-up costs for production.
Considering that the average yield per hectare is 13 tons of finished products, how much garlic can you get from 20 acres? In this case, from 20 acres, you can expect about 2.5 tons of garlic, for an approximate amount of 25,000 rubles, with an average market price of 50 rubles per 1 kilogram.
Is it profitable to grow for sale on a large scale?
How can you benefit from commercial outdoor cultivation? This business can reasonably be called promising and having high payback rates. This is due to the high demand for the product among the population. If you want to start a garlic business, then there is every reason to feel free to start a business..
Reference! On average, profitability per hectare with wholesale sales is 70%, with retail sales up to 150%.
Cultivation technology on an industrial scale
When wondering how to grow garlic on an industrial scale, a budding farmer must draw up a detailed business plan in order to successfully bring a business idea to life.
Garlic is in sufficient demand among people. When grown, both on an industrial scale and in a small agricultural enterprise, trade is possible in two forms:
- Retail... It is advisable to rent a small retail unit, for example, in the local market.
- About... This will require establishing contacts with wholesale buyers.
The choice of the form of product sales primarily depends on its volume.
The payback of this business is 1 season!
In addition to the above sums of money (planting material, soil preparation and fertilization), you need to take into account other costs associated with ensuring the operation of an agricultural enterprise:
- rent for the use of a land plot;
- wages to hired personnel, if involved;
- the cost of purchasing and using pesticides;
- payment for advertising services.
In each region of Russia, the prices for the listed services are different and can be very different.
Choice of taxation system
When creating an agricultural organization, first of all, you need to register it. in the prescribed manner, in order to avoid violation of the current norms of the current legislation. Your business must be registered without fail, especially when grown on an industrial scale.
When growing products in large industrial volumes, the best form of organizing activities will be LLC. Limited Liability Company - a business company established by one or more legal entities and / or individuals, the authorized capital of which is divided into shares. The members of the company are not liable for its obligations and bear the risk of losses associated with the activities of the company, within the value of their shares or shares in the authorized capital of the company.
For aspiring entrepreneurs the most convenient form of organizing production will be a peasant farm (PFH) - up to 1 hectare of land or as an individual entrepreneur (IE).
Types of taxation:
- peasant farm - is subject to the unified agricultural tax (ESHN);
- individual entrepreneur - simplified taxation system (STS).
The tax rate is the same for both forms of registration. When registering, the classifier code OKVED 01.13 is used "growing root crops, onion vegetables and tubers, such as: carrots, beets, turnips, garlic, onions (including shallots), leeks and other onion vegetables." Registration period is 1 month.
Algorithm of actions for registration of IP:
- Collection of a package of documents (application for state registration of an individual as an individual entrepreneur (form No. Р21001); copy of passport; receipt of payment of state duty).
- The state registration of an individual as an individual entrepreneur takes place at the tax authority at his place of residence, that is, at the place of registration indicated in the passport. If there is no place of registration in the passport, then the registration of the entrepreneur can be carried out with the tax authority at the place of actual residence.
- Transfer of documents to the tax office. They can be transferred personally or remotely directly to the inspection.
- In person or through a representative by proxy. It is also possible to draw up documents in a multifunctional center - in person or through a representative by proxy.
- Reception of documents at the tax authority.
- Receipt of documents on state registration by a person.
- If all the documentation is in order, after 3 workers, the USRIP record sheet is issued to the applicant.
Documents can be obtained in person or through a representative with a notarized power of attorney.
Which variety should you choose?
The main varieties of garlic are:
Attention! The price of seed material for winter garlic is higher than that of spring garlic, but the yield is also higher.
Winter garlic tolerates low temperatures well, has a high yield, large bulbs and good taste. It is planted between September and October. The most common and productive varieties:
Spring varieties of garlic are suitable only for cultivation in the southern regions of the Russian Federation, since they do not tolerate low ambient temperatures. This increases the risks of crop failure from exposure to low temperatures.
Highest-yielding varieties of spring garlic:
Description of cultivated areas
The land for garlic crops must be well-drained and fertile. An important role is played by the degree of coverage of the site. The highest yield indicators are given by garlic when grown in a greenhouse, which also makes it possible to protect crops from adverse weather conditions. Adding sand to the soil has a good effect, which increases its drainage.
With small volumes of cultivated areas, the presence of agricultural equipment is not necessary. But when grown on an industrial scale, mechanization of this process is required. In this case you need to have or rent equipment:
- irrigation system;
- garlic picking machine.
The purchase of the above equipment will cost about 5,000,000 rubles. When running a business within a summer cottage, the above equipment is not required, but you still have to purchase gardening equipment for about 20,000 rubles.
It would be most advisable to plant winter varieties of garlic. Its landing should be carried out 40 days before the onset of the first frost. The most suitable time is September-October.
For planting, you can apply:
- air bulb (arrowhead bulb);
- sevok (single-tooth bulb);
- one tooth of the head.
It is recommended to change the seed every 3 years, which avoids the processes of degeneration of garlic varieties. It is better to use seedlings or one clove of a head of garlic for planting, since an air bulb will yield a crop only after 2 years. The amount of seed required depends on the planting density and variety, but is in the range of 600-1,500 kg / ha.
We suggest you watch a video about planting large volumes of garlic:
From mid-April to early July, garlic is watered about 1 time per week.... In the rainy season, watering is reduced in part or even completely. With an abundance of precipitation in the aisles, drainage grooves are created to prevent the accumulation of excess moisture in the soil. Which can lead to rotting of the bulbs.
In cold summers, garlic should be watered every 9 days. Watering should be carried out in such a way that for each square meter of crops, from 5 to 10 liters of water is consumed. In dry periods, the volume of water for irrigation can be increased to 12-15 liters.
Attention! It is recommended to stop watering the garlic 3 weeks before the intended harvest.
After heavy rains, a soil crust forms on the soil surface, which interferes with the normal access of oxygen to the root system and the deterioration of the growing conditions for the bulbs. After the end of the rains, it is necessary to carry out the process of shallow loosening (3-5 cm). This improves soil aeration. It is necessary to carry out loosening so as not to damage the bulbs.
It is recommended at the beginning of the growing season to carry out 2 fertilizing of garlic crops with nitrogen fertilizers at intervals of two weeks. Winter and spring garlic are fertilized half a month after the emergence of friendly shoots (April-May).
For feeding, a solution of slurry (1:10), poultry droppings (1:20) is also used... Phosphorus-potassium fertilizers are applied during planting of garlic. A good result is obtained by soaking the seed in solutions of humic fertilizers before planting, this increases the germination rate by 20%.
Fertilizing the soil should be done only after watering or rain.
We suggest you watch a video about feeding garlic:
We wrote about the rules for caring for garlic in our material.
The garlic is harvested after all the leaves turn yellow. The cleaning process should take place in dry weather. After harvesting the bulbs, they need to be dried in the open air, cut off the stems and roots, and sort. Harvest sales possible:
- in a chain of stores;
- to catering establishments;
- On the market;
- other wholesale buyers.
The main diseases of garlic are:
- peronosporosis of garlic;
- downy mildew;
- bacterial rot;
- garlic neck rot;
- black mold rot of garlic.
There is a wide range of agricultural products to fight diseases of garlic. It is important to find the focus of the disease at the very beginning, which will save the crop.
We suggest you watch a video about diseases of garlic:
Possible problems and ways to solve them
The main problem in this type of activity is the lack of funding. at the initial stage of activity. With sufficient financial investment, the garlic growing business does not present any significant problems.
Growing garlic is a profitable and rewarding activity. It can be started both on a personal plot and on large territories. You can also start growing garlic without any experience in growing crops.
We invite you to watch a video about growing garlic as a business: