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The Changeable Hibiscus is a spectacular member of the Malvov family. Since the middle of the 19th century, it has been one of the most popular indoor plants.
In the article, we will consider in detail the botanical description, geographic habitat, history of origin, and the appearance of the plant.
We will learn how to properly care for a changeable hibiscus, as well as how to grow it at home and what type of reproduction is suitable for the plant. We will also study what pests can damage this plant.
- Other names: Crazy Rose (rosa loca), Lotus tree.
- Latin name: Hibiscus mutabilis.
South China is considered to be the birthplace of the Volatile Hibiscus, where for centuries it has been widely used in folk medicine, as well as in the manufacture of natural dye, ropes and ropes. In medieval China, flowering hibiscus acquired a cult status, “responsible” for strengthening marriages and prospering businesses.
At the end of the 18th century, the changeable hibiscus first appeared in Europe, and a little later in Russia. The flower began to quickly gain popularity around the world due to its relative unpretentiousness and impressive appearance.
Hibiscus has been cultivated as a houseplant since 1831.
In natural conditions, Hibiscus Variable has a height of about 3-4m. Annual growth is 35 cm in height and 35 to 40 cm spread.
- Umbrella crown.
- Erect branched trunk, leaves are arranged on long thin petioles, drooping almost vertically with age.
- The leaves are large, velvety (about 25x25 cm), dark green, maple-shaped, with jagged edges.
- Flowers can be from 5 to 30 centimeters in diameter.
- Hibiscus fruits are small capsules that split into five leaves. Inside - fibrous or fluffy seeds.
At home, hibiscus has a height of 50 cm to 3 meters. Great for making bonsai.
Here you can see a photo of hibiscus:
Hibiscus mutabilis grows with great difficulty in cold climates (most often as a houseplant).
Outdoors, it grows freely in tropical regions of China and Asia, America, Brazil, Africa, and the Middle East.
Interesting fact! Hibiscus Changeable (crazy rose) got its name because of its petals, which gradually change color from pale cream to purple during flowering.
Growing at home
In the summer months, the optimum temperature for hibiscus is 20-22 ° C.
In winter, it is recommended to lower it to 14–16 ° C. This temperature will have a beneficial effect on the formation of flower buds.
The plant needs high humidity and abundant watering. The water should be separated, at room temperature. Too frequent watering is destructive for hibiscus. Each subsequent watering is carried out only after the top layer of the earth becomes dry.
Daily spraying with water is also recommended. During the flowering period, this procedure is carried out with caution, not allowing it to fall on the flowers.
Hibiscus prefers diffused sunlight and warmth. The plant is quite shade-tolerant, but with a lack of light it develops worse and blooms a little. In summer, it is useful to take it out to the balcony or terrace, taking care of protection from drafts.
- The land is soddy, leafy, pine.
- Some charcoal.
The soil must be loose and drainage is required.
Acidity is as close to neutral as possible.
An important measure in the care of hibiscus is the timely and correct pruning of the plant. It is carried out after the end of flowering., early spring or autumn.
It is dangerous to prune in late spring - hibiscus may not bloom in summer.
The first step is to decide on the desired size and the shape of the plant. Depending on the tastes of the owner or the design of the room, it can be either a small neat tree or a sprawling flowering shrub.
To form a tree:
- Remove the lateral shoots of the second generation, leaving a few central shoots.
- Gently shorten the upper part into several buds.
To form a bush:
- Conversely, prune the central branch to allow the lateral branches to gradually develop into full stems.
- Leave a few lower buds, remove the central part.
Hibiscus needs additional feeding once every 2-3 weeks.
- In the spring, the plant needs fertilization with nitrogen and sodium (alternately), since at this time it prepares for active growth.
- During the flowering period, water-soluble mineral fertilizers containing phosphorus, iron, potassium, copper, manganese, magnesium, etc. are recommended.
The capacity is selected individually for each hibiscus, focusing on its condition and appearance. If the plant does not bloom on time, it may need to be transplanted into a larger container.
A hibiscus pot should have a tray where water supplies accumulate, allowing the flower to easily wait for the next watering.
Young hibiscus are transplanted once a year. An adult plant (after 3 years) can be replanted once every 2-3 years.
Regular transplants are carried out with great care, using the transshipment methodto protect the root system from mechanical damage.
- For 2-3 days before transplanting, water the soil abundantly in order to facilitate the extraction of the earthen clod from the previous pot.
- Remove the plant from the pot along with the soil. Do not destroy the earth lump, visually inspecting the condition of the roots and the degree of development of the soil.
- Remove only the substrate that has not been mastered by the root system (top layer).
- Pour fresh soil in its place, compact it manually.
- For the first time (until the roots get stronger and the substrate is not compacted enough), you can install a support.
- After transplanting, it is better to water the hibiscus through the pallet in order to accelerate the development of the new soil by the plant's root system.
- Good diffused lighting for at least eight hours a day (fluorescent lamps can be used).
- The temperature is about 14-16 ° C.
- Watering once a week.
- The soil may not be fertilized, but if the condition of the plant requires it, it is recommended to use phosphorus-potassium fertilizing once a month.
Hibiscus can be propagated by seed or cuttings.
Favorable time - from February to April and from July to September.
- Green and semi-lignified cuttings with 2-3 internodes are cut from the tops of the youngest growth.
- Cuttings root well after 20-30 days, either in water or in pots under a glass jar.
- When the roots appear, the sprouts are transplanted into pots (it is recommended to add bone meal to the soil).
- The pots are installed on the sunny side. It is better to water with a sprayer (so as not to wash out the soil).
Favorable time for sowing is from mid-January to April.
- Soak hibiscus seeds for 12 hours before planting.
- Moisten the soil, add mineral fertilizers.
- The seeds of the Hibiscus Volatile plant are not too thick to sow.
- Cover the top of the pot with a plastic bag for a 15 ° C greenhouse effect.
Diseases and pests
Insufficient quality and non-systematic care leads to the weakening of the plant and all kinds of diseases:
- the appearance of pests (spider mites, scale insects, aphids, etc.);
- fungal diseases;
- falling of buds and leaves;
- hibiscus stops blooming;
- the plant flies around and turns yellow.
- Indian hibiscus. Morphologically very similar to Hibiscus Variable, but differs in light pink petals that do not change their color.
- Cooper's hibiscus. A characteristic feature is the variegated foliage that combines green with shades of white, pink and yellow.
- Syrian hibiscus. It has large flowers, different shades of scarlet and purple spectrum, but there are also two-color specimens.
- Sour hibiscus. It is famous for its deep crimson jagged foliage, which gives it a unique charm.
- Hibiscus Sparkling. It owes its name to the bizarre color of flowers, lilac and red shades.
The incredibly beautiful Chinese rose flower has long become the most popular among cultivated crops. The varieties and types of this charming plant are presented in a luxurious palette of colors. In our articles you can read about the nuances of planting and caring for marsh and garden, hybrid and herbaceous, white and pink hibiscus. Meet the tree bonsai, fire Fireball, variegated Variegated.
Hibiscus Volatile is not picky enough, but requires regular and thoughtful maintenance.... The conscientious owner will be generously rewarded with many years of inspired living in the shadow of this fantastic plant with such a special atmosphere.