Balsam is a favorite flower of many. A variety of forms, bright color and long, abundant flowering made balsam a real favorite among indoor plants, it is loved by both experienced flower growers and beginners. Learn how to grow balsam at home so that it always delights you with its amazing look!
And also this article will tell you what environmental conditions are considered ideal for balsam, what may be the reasons for the lack of flowering and what pests and diseases can threaten the plant.
Ideal conditions for growth
It is good to keep balsam outdoors. If it is not possible to take it out into the garden or on an open balcony, ventilate the room more often! This recommendation is valid provided that there is no significant temperature difference between indoor and outdoor. A sharp change in conditions of detention is detrimental to balsam. Protect from strong gusts of wind - fragile stems and leaves break easily.
Balsam is a southern plant, and the lack of sun does not affect it in the best way. But do not keep the flower in too bright sun. The structure of its leaves and stems is quite delicate, so the balsam quickly dehydrates and withers. The best conditions: access to the morning sun, but in hot lunch and afternoon hours, the plant is better to shade.
The ideal temperature for balsam is 20-23 degrees; during the dormant period (winter), the plant should not be kept in a room where it is less than 15 degrees. Balsam is afraid of low temperatures, it may die.
- Humidity and watering.
Balsam loves abundant watering. In the summer, do not allow even short-term drying out of the soil. But he also needs moist air. It is imperative to spray balsam!
- The soil.
The soil needs fertile, loose. Acidity PH 6 -6.5. Composition: sod land / leaf land / peat / humus / sand. Everything in equal parts. Necessarily at the bottom of the pot - drainage from expanded clay or washed river pebbles.
Here you can see a photo of balsam:
How to take care of him?
Balsam is quite unpretentious, but some growing and care conditions should still be strictly observed.
Proper watering is often and abundant.... In summer, daily watering is usually required. In winter, you should reduce the volume, but do it regularly. The lack of moisture immediately affects the appearance of the plant - the leaves look drooping, the flowers begin to fall off. Water must be defended.
If white limescale builds up on top of the soil, it is alkalization caused by hard water. Replace the topsoil with a new one, and water in the pan of the pot! This problem will no longer arise.
Important! Do not let the water stagnate in the pot for a long time after watering. The plant must absorb all the moisture. Excess water must be drained and reduced the next time it is watered.
Throughout the flowering period, balsam requires fertilizing with mineral fertilizers containing phosphorus and potassium. It must be carried out once every 15 days. You should first make regular watering with clean water. In winter, this measure is not necessary. After transplanting or planting a new plant, feeding can begin after three weeks (you will learn how to plant or move balsam to another pot here).
Can I spray with water?
Spraying should be as regular as watering... Dry air can cause buds and even leaves to drop. At low temperatures (less than 20 degrees), spraying cannot be carried out - the plant will get sick.
Pruning and pinching
When to start and how to properly prune and pinch a plant? Balsam usually forms a beautiful bushy crown. Therefore, pruning is carried out if necessary - for example, due to a violation of the conditions of detention, the plant shed its foliage and lost its decorative appearance. In this case, you can correct the shape - new shoots grow quickly and look healthier.
Pinching helps to maintain an attractive plant appearance, enhance flowering and growth... The plant becomes branched and dense, new buds are tied. You can also pick off wilted leaves and flowers. Removing dead parts is an additional prophylaxis against pests and diseases.
It is better to start pinching after picking young plants. Or, if you notice that the shoots are starting to stretch. First, check to see if your balsam has enough light. Perhaps you need to add lighting. Then, to fix the already formed irregular bush - boldly pinch the tops! This will accelerate the growth of side shoots and give the plant the correct shape.
You need to cut or pinch the stem above the axils of the leaves without damaging the dormant buds.
Important! Pinching does not apply to dwarf balsam species!
How to keep balsam in winter? In the cold season, it is better to keep the plant at a temperature of 15 to 20 degrees.... Water regularly as soon as the soil in the pot begins to dry out. It is better not to spray and undercut. But if the plant is kept at a higher temperature and near heaters, continue to spray your balsam.
Why doesn't it bloom?
Balsam flowers look like beautiful butterflies - the abundance of shades and shapes is amazing. At the same time, the blooming balsam should delight you from spring to late autumn. But what if the balsam does not want to bloom?
Let's deal with the reasons:
- Lack of moisture... During the flowering period, water is vital for the plant.
- Pot too spacious... In this case, the balsam develops a powerful root system and a juicy dense crown, but there will be few flowers. It is better to let your flowerpot be slightly cramped for the plant.
- Old plant... After two, maximum three years, the balsam becomes obsolete, loses its aesthetic appearance and ceases to give abundant flowering. There is only one way out - to plant new cuttings and discard the old bush.
- The lack of flowering may be due to the fact that balsam has been hit by pests or diseases... Inspect the leaves and stems regularly to find insidious foes in time.
- Lack of light... If you can't keep the plant on the eastern windows, or your balsam has to live in the shade, add some artificial lighting! This will be enough for the balsam to delight you with an abundance of flowers.
- Balzamin also does not like frequent changes of location.... Better not to rearrange it often. If you need to hide from direct sunlight, come up with an opportunity to shade, and do not touch the pot itself!
- Balsam will not bloom if the temperature in the room is below +15 degrees... He also does not like cold drafts.
- Using fertilizers with a high nitrogen content will lead to the fact that your plant will actively grow the green part, but the balsam will not want to bloom.
Pests and diseases
Balsam is often affected by the Putin tick, whitefly and aphids. These pests are very dangerous - they can destroy even a strong adult plant.
You can destroy insects:
- Using chemicals - "Aktellik", "Fitoverm", "Introvir" - when preparing the solution, follow the recommendations for a specific drug.
- Or folk remedies: soap solution, infusions of garlic, mustard powder and tobacco dust.
Root rot - usually starts if the plant is kept in a cold room, while being watered with tap water. To save the balsam, you need to:
- Transplant by removing the affected roots.
- Slices must be sprinkled with charcoal (you can use activated, from a pharmacy).
- Transfer the plant to a warmer room, water with settled water at room temperature.
Attention! Sometimes balsam infects a virus. At the same time, the plant turns black and withers. Unfortunately, the disease cannot be cured. The affected flower must be immediately isolated from other plants and destroyed.
As you can see, growing balsam is not such a difficult and time-consuming task. But what pleasure this plant will bring to you, how it will decorate your home when you dress with a cap of delicious, bright, delicate flowers! To do this, just follow our recommendations!
We suggest you watch a video about caring for balsam: