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Ampel begonias are an excellent solution for decorating gazebos, backyards and fences. The tuberous perennial is characterized by unpretentious care and is characterized by long hanging shoots, bright leaves, a variety of shapes and a wide range of colors. This article will tell you what "Ampel Begonia" is, what varieties of plants exist and which one to choose, how to plant and how to care, what is needed to propagate begonia, and what pests and diseases can threaten it.
What is this flower?
Ampel begonia is a bush 20-25 cm in height. Shoots reach 40 cm in length. Asymmetrical green leaves are formed on bulk stems. Flowers have a diameter of 5 cm, monoecious, unisexual and bright colors:
Flowers of two types grow on ampelous begonia: female and male.
Reference! Flowers on begonias live no more than 10 days and die off. Long flowering is due to the constant development of new buds.
In the open field, the culture blooms from mid-summer and continues to bloom until the onset of frost (subject to proper care). At home, ampelous begonia is strewn with flowers almost all year round.
Ampel begonias native to tropical and subtropical rainforests Asia, India, Africa, South America. By the end of the 17th century, this culture had spread to Europe. It was brought in by the botanist Plumier. The plant got its name - "begonia" in honor of Begon - the organizer of the expedition to the islands of South America.
Plant varieties with photos and names
There are dozens of varieties of hybrid origin. They were obtained and adapted by breeders for our climatic conditions. There is a large series of varieties of ampelous tuberous begonia - "Chanson". Plants are characterized by semi-double and double flowers 6-8 cm in diameter, camellia-shaped. The length of the shoots is from 30 to 40cm. Popular varieties of the Chanson series:
- Vanilla yellow.
- Dark red.
- Bicolor pink and white.
- Two-tone orange-yellow and others.
Ampel varieties flower growers distinguish into a separate subgroup of tuberous begonias... Its main difference is the drooping growth of twigs. This can be clearly seen in the photo.
Consider a series of varieties in the photo:
Bicolor pink and white:
Planting material is purchased in winter. Germination begins in March. Healthy tubers are planted in pots, the diameter of which exceeds 3 cm. Before planting, they are kept in sand and on a damp cloth. Necessarily in the light and warm. The planting material is periodically sprayed with soft warm water. The dishes should be shallow and wide and have a drainage hole.
Important! Begonias are demanding on the soil. Loose and nutritious soil with zero acidity is suitable for them.
Features of planting ampelous begonia in a pot:
- A layer of broken brick or gravel is laid on the bottom of the container, and sand is covered on top.
- Pour in a substrate for begonias. For prevention, the soil is treated with a fungicide or potassium permanganate.
- The planting material is laid out on a wet ground with a convex side.
- The space around them falls asleep. The upper part is left free.
- The tubers completely fall asleep only after the sprouts appear. But not deep.
The begonias planted in pots are kept in a warm, bright place.
Watered carefully, avoiding moisture on the tubers. Ampel begonia is used to the bright, but scattered sun. For planting in the garden, they choose places protected from the wind and the scorching sun.... Shading is necessary to avoid burns on the leaves.
A good time for planting outdoors is early July. The soil for begonias should be breathable and neutral in acidity. Sandstone mixed with peat and leaf humus is suitable. If loam predominates on the garden plot, it is diluted with leaf humus, sand.
Algorithm for planting ampelous begonia on the street:
- Make holes for each bush, taking into account its size. The interval between large plants should be at least 30 cm, between medium plants - 20 cm, between small plants - 15 cm.
- Add a mixture of ash with humus or a special substrate to the holes.
- Moisten the soil and place the seedlings.
- Cover the base of the shoot with earth.
The soil is sprinkled with ash and humus. It is imperative to loosen the soil to supply oxygen.
How to take care of it properly?
Ampelous begonia at home prefers good lighting with soft, diffused light. It is advisable to place pots with plants in places where morning and evening sunlight will fall on them (before 11 and after 15 hours). It is best to place flowers on the eastern and western windowsills.
Attention! You cannot keep begonias in constant bright sun.
The leaves will burn, tarnish and begin to wither. Temperature range:
- In summer, no higher than plus 20-22 degrees.
- In winter, at least plus 15.
- During the rest period - plus 7-10.
In summer, containers with plants can be taken out onto the balcony or terrace. Place in a place protected from wind and rain. Begonias love regular but moderate watering. Excess moisture leads to decay of the root system.
- Moisturizing regimen - 2-3 times a week.
- Spraying from a spray bottle is excluded.
- Do not take cold tap water for irrigation. Before use, it is defended for a day, filtered or boiled.
- The moisture is distributed evenly over the entire dish.
- Do not allow the soil to dry out.
Water begonias only with soft room water. In winter, moisture is reduced. Carry out as the earth dries up once a week. During the period of abundant flowering, they are watered more often.
In the growth phase, ornamental crops are fed with nitrogen fertilizers. At the time of flowering, formulations with a low nitrogen content and saturated with phosphorus and potassium are introduced. 1-2 times a year can be fertilized with organic matter. As necessary, dried leaves and flowers are removed from begonias.
Outdoor crops are provided with regular watering, fertilization and weeding. Watering features:
- Moisturize abundantly (especially in dry weather), but avoid stagnant moisture.
- Watering is carried out every 3 days. Better in the morning.
- Water around the root.
Young plants are fed with phosphorus and potash fertilizers. Flowering bushes are fertilized with complex compounds. With the onset of a cold snap, feeding and watering are stopped. Dead begonias are prepared for winter: the stems are cut, the tubers are dug out after 2 weeks. After drying, they are cleaned, placed in a box and stored in a cool place: in the refrigerator or in the basement.
Major diseases and pests
Common diseases in begonias are gray rot, powdery mildew.... Against gray rot, a solution of copper sulfate with laundry soap is used. The preparations of Morestan or Fundazol will help to defeat powdery mildew.
Leads to diseases:
- Excess watering: yellowing, dropping and decay of leaves.
- Too dark place: Leaves are stained.
- Dry air: falling of buds, flowers and leaves.
- Heat: leaves wither.
Begonias are affected by pests: greenhouse aphids, soft false shield, whitefly, greenhouse thrips, spider mites and others.
To prevent diseases and attacks of harmful insects, protective systemic fungicides are used.
Effective fungicides with complex action:
Ampel begonias are propagated by seeds, cuttings, and dividing tubers. The seeds are planted at the end of February. For granulated seeds, peat tablets are used as soil. They are laid out on a pallet and moistened abundantly. Seeds are sown and sprayed with room water. Cover with polyethylene. Moisturize regularly.
Ordinary seeds are sown in boxes in non-acidic soil with drainage... Store in a bright room at a temperature of + 22-24 degrees.
Propagation by cuttings:
- Cutting and preparing the stems.
- Removing excess leaves and drying the sections.
- Placing the shoots in a vessel of room temperature water.
- Planting in pots after the roots appear.
For reproduction by dividing the tuber, it is cut into several parts.so that there is a developed shoot on each slice. Sections are treated with charcoal and dried within 24 hours. Then they are planted in a container. Observing the elementary rules of care, even a novice gardener is able to grow an ampelous begonia.
The main conditions are the choice of a bright place with protection from direct sun, regular watering without waterlogging, prevention of diseases and the appearance of pests.
We suggest you watch a video about ampelous begonia: