How to care for indoor begonia to grow beautiful and healthy? Recommendations for flower growers

How to care for indoor begonia to grow beautiful and healthy? Recommendations for flower growers

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Contrary to popular belief, begonia is not only red flowers that are planted in flower beds in parks in the spring or with which gardeners plant their gardens. To date, more than 2000 species of begonias have been bred, many of which are not intended for open ground, but for growing at home. Indoor begonia is popular with many flower growers for its unmatched flower beauty and amazing leaf shape. In this article, we will tell you how to organize the care of begonia in indoor cultivation, what pests and diseases can threaten the flower, and how to properly breed this plant.

Growing features

In floriculture, there are two main subspecies of begonias.:

  • decorative blooming;
  • decorative deciduous;

Based on the names, we can conclude that the former are valued due to their bright colors, and the latter due to their amazing leaves, which have an unusual shape and color.

Begonia flowers in shape most often resemble roses or camellias of a wide variety of colors.... With proper care, at home, the plant can bloom without interruption from late spring to late autumn (read about why begonia does not bloom, and how to achieve beautiful buds, read here). Ornamental deciduous species bloom quite rarely, their flowers are faded, inconspicuous and, as a rule, do not produce seeds. If you do not allow such begonias to bloom, this will significantly improve its well-being and extend the life of the plant for several years.

Thin stems and delicate begonia flowers give the deceptive impression that this plant is fragile, requiring painstaking care and careful care. It's actually pretty simple.

Most home-grown begonias come from the tropics (less often subtropics) and the conditions they need are appropriate:

  • Bright diffused light... At the same time, decorative-flowering species need more illumination, otherwise they may simply stop blooming. Decorative deciduous species exist quite comfortably away from the window.

    Important! Begonia does not like direct sunlight. If the plant is on a southern windowsill, it must be covered from the sun in the summer.

  • Comfortable temperature + 18-22 degrees... Begonia does not tolerate sudden changes in temperature. At +15 degrees, there is a high risk of hypothermia, if the temperature rises above +25, the flower may overheat.
  • Abundant regular watering... During the flowering period, it is recommended to water the begonia at least 2 times a week; during the dormant period, watering is reduced to the required minimum so that the earth does not dry out completely. Water for irrigation should be at room temperature, soft, without impurities.
  • High humidity (not less than 60%)... The humidity of the air for begonias is even more important than the moisture of the soil, if the humidity is insufficient, the plant will very soon begin to dry out. The best option is to use a humidifier.

It is strongly not recommended to spray begonias, moisture ingress on leaves and stems can cause their decay and a number of diseases, for example, powdery mildew. In the absence of a humidifier, comfortable conditions for the plant can be created by placing the pot on a layer of wet expanded clay.

Breeding methods

Reproduction of begonias occurs mainly in a vegetative way.since most ornamental varieties do not produce seeds. For these purposes, use:

  • cuttings;
  • leaves;
  • division of the bush.

Each individual type of begonias has its own characteristics of reproduction, which should be taken into account in order to achieve the desired result. In the case of leaf and stem cuttings, they can be germinated both in water and immediately in the ground, it is recommended to do this from the end of February to April - before the beginning of flowering in decorative flowering species and before the beginning of the period of active growth in decorative deciduous.

How to breed a plant by dividing a bush or tuber - it directly depends on the structure of the plant, any breeding recommendations only apply to specific begonias.

We suggest you watch a video about begonia breeding by dividing a bush:

How to properly organize the cultivation of an indoor flower?

For begonias, it is important to immediately determine the location; this plant does not tolerate frequent rearrangements and changes in conditions. The eastern and southeastern window sills are best suited for it, since it is on them that the illumination level will most closely correspond to the required one.

Also do not forget about feeding, this is especially true for decorative flowering species, since flowering takes a lot of energy from the plant. As soon as the begonia has bloomed, fertilization can be started (mineral complexes with potassium and phosphorus are ideal for flowering begonias). As a rule, feeding is carried out 2-3 times a month, but more detailed recommendations should be found in the instructions for a particular drug. It is necessary to feed begonias until the end of flowering.

For decorative leafy species, mineral fertilizers with nitrogen are well suited. They need to be introduced from late spring to mid-autumn, when the plant begins a period of active growth.

When and how to transplant?

Transplanting a newly purchased plant is not worth it, this will add additional stress and weaken the plant even more. When the original pot becomes small in begonias, and the roots begin to show through the drainage holes and on the surface, it's time to change it to a more spacious one.

Reference! The best time for transplanting begonias is spring. During the flowering period, replanting the plant is strongly discouraged.

The first thing you should pay attention to when planning a transplant is the composition of the soil. Begonias prefer a slightly acidic soil, consisting of leafy soil, peat and black soil, such a composition can either be bought ready-made in the store or prepared on its own.

Transplant procedure:

  1. Prepare a new pot. It is recommended to choose a pot 5-8 cm larger than the previous one in diameter, it is this additional volume that will allow the plant to develop comfortably for the next 2 years before the next transplant.
    Before planting, the pot can be treated with a solution of potassium permanganate or scalded with boiling water (this method may not work for plastic pots). Taking these measures will make sure that there are no pathogens and will help protect the roots of the plant from diseases.
  2. A drainage layer, such as expanded clay, is poured onto the bottom of the pot. In order to protect the roots from an excess of moisture, a small amount of charcoal can be additionally poured over the drainage layer.
  3. Drainage from above is sprinkled with soil (2-3 cm, depending on the volume of the pot).
  4. Begonia is removed from an old pot, excess soil is carefully removed so as not to damage the roots.
  5. The plant is set in the center of the pot and sprinkled with earth from all sides. It is not necessary to tamp the new soil strongly, begonias need air access to the roots.
  6. After transplanting, for some time, begonia is watered abundantly so that the soil does not dry out, if necessary, soil is poured from above.

Even with intensive watering, you need to ensure that water does not accumulate in the pan, as this can lead to root rot.

We suggest you watch a video about begonia transplantation:

Diseases and pests

There are a number of problems and diseases that are common in begonias, and when faced with them, it is necessary to take timely measures to save the plant.

  • One of these problems is powdery mildew disease, which manifests itself in the appearance of whitish spots and stripes on the undersides of leaves and shoots. This disease occurs when there is an excess of moisture, as well as when water gets on the leaves and stems of begonia. The affected areas must be removed, and watering and humidification of the air reduced, this will help to avoid the spread of the disease.
  • Also, excessive watering can lead to root disease with gray and black rot. For obvious reasons, it is not always possible to immediately recognize this disease, but if the leaves darken, wither and fall off, this is a sure sign that something is wrong with the root system.
  • If black or gray rot is found, it is necessary to remove the plant from the pot and lower the roots for 2 hours in a solution of potassium permanganate, after which, remove all damaged areas and transplant the begonia into fresh soil.
  • Of the parasites, begonia most often suffers from aphids, spider mites and whiteflies; abundant spraying with insecticides saves from all of them.
  • Yellowing and drying or wilting of leaves may indicate hypothermia, insufficient air humidity, or improper watering. In all these cases, creating the right conditions quickly brings the plant back to normal.

In addition to the above problems, begonias may also have troubles such as curling leaves and dropping leaves and buds.

Both flowering and decorative leafy begonias can be an amazing addition to your home garden... It is surprisingly simple to grow and propagate them, and they can delight their owner almost all year round.

We suggest you watch a video about begonia care:

Watch the video: Indoor Plants that Flower--for Real! (May 2022).