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Coral begonia has been popular for its long-term appeal. In cultivation, this flower is undemanding. For its growth and development, it is enough to organize suitable conditions of detention.
Begonia is a common indoor flower that is grown both in small apartments and in huge greenhouses, where the plant reaches two meters in height. There are about 1600 species of it in the world, and today we will talk about one of them.
You will learn what coral begonia is, how it differs from other species, how to plant it correctly and how to get a beautiful flowering plant.
Botanical description and photo of a houseplant
Coral begonia, aka coralline, is an upright species of ornamental indoor plants belonging to the genus Begonia.
Coral begonia is native to Brazil. In tropical forests, a flower can grow up to 1.5 m in height, and at home - 0.6-1 m.
The leaves, which have a regular arrangement, are colored in different shades of green. They reach 7 cm in width and 20 cm in length. Their leathery surface is covered with milky and silvery specks. They have a rugged and elongated oval shape. In bright light and in summer, their back side takes on a juicy crimson color.
Flowers consist of 3 or 4 fused petals, which come in different colors:
They are collected in inflorescences similar to bunches of berries. Flowers of this kind of begonia smell good and taste good too.
The discoverer of begonia is the botanist Charles Plumier... During a trip to explore the Antilles in the 17th century, he saw this unusual flower. Charles Plumier named this plant in honor of the Governor of Haiti, Michel Begon, who donated funds for the expedition.
We offer you to watch a video about coral begonia:
There are many different species and varieties of this beautiful plant, which differ in size, color, and care nuances. On our site you will find information about the following varieties: Diadem, Naked, Sizolistnaya, Mix, Bauer or Tiger, Collar, Fista and Mason. You will also be interested in learning about terry begonia, with yellow flowers and bright red leaves.
Where and how to plant?
To plant a coral begonia, you need a pot with holes in the bottom. Then excess water will not accumulate, which means it will not lead to decay.
At the bottom, it is necessary to organize a 2 cm drainage layer of any material:
- broken brick;
- expanded clay.
The width of its top should be greater than the width of the bottom. It is best to take clay, which heats up slowly and does not contain harmful impurities. You cannot put vases with coral begonia in direct sunlight on the loggia, open air and window sills, otherwise there will be burns on the leaves.
Lighting and location
Coral begonias need diffused light and thrive in shade.... In winter, the flower can not be removed from the window if it does not blow from it. The window sills of the eastern, western and northern sides are considered the best place. The flower should not be placed near heating appliances and open vents. He loves warm air without wind.
The lack of light on coral begonias is reflected negatively. It leads to stunted growth and development of the plant.
To plant a flower, you can buy a ready-made soil mixture or mix 2 parts of ordinary garden soil and 1 part each:
- compost or humus;
- coarse sand.
It is important to note that as drainage, you can use gravel, polystyrene or pieces of broken brick.
- When growing coral begonia, it is very important to water it properly. In summer, this should be done regularly and abundantly. The slightest drought can lead to the death of the flower. It is advised to add potassium fertilizers to the water 2 times a month. In the spring, you can also use phosphorus fertilizers as a top dressing no more than 2 times a month.
In winter, water should be moderate. In summer, the optimum temperature is considered to be 18-24 ° С, and in winter - 15-16 ° С. Sufficient moisture and warmth have a beneficial effect on the development and growth of the flower. It is recommended to humidify the area around it, but you should not allow water to get on the leaves.
- In order to develop new flowers faster, and the plant does not lose nutrients, you need to regularly remove those that have faded and dried up. Provided that the coral begonia is in permeable soil, caring for it will be easy. Systematic pinching of the crown encourages the flower to tiller and the development of beautiful lateral shoots.
- A young plant in early summer is advised to be transplanted into a larger pot. But in this case, it must be borne in mind that if a large amount of land remains unused, decay may begin. This procedure is best done the day after the plant has been watered. An adult plant often does not need to be replanted. Transplanting cannot be done during the flowering period of begonia.
- Caring for this flower includes pruning. If the bush is not formed, the appearance will be spoiled by the elongated stems.
It is recommended to cut off the shoots that appear after the third internode. They can be used for breeding.
Begonia is one of the most beautiful and popular plants on our windowsills, parks and gardens. You will learn how to properly care for decorative leafy, flowering, tuberous and bush begonias, as well as what they are, on the pages of our portal.
Common diseases and pests
Diseases and pests of begonia:
- Begonia can get sick with a disease such as gray rot. The reason is high humidity and high temperature. The disease is characterized by the appearance of white spots on the leaves, gradually turning into a plaque that covers all the leaves. They then rot and break off. If left untreated, the plant will die.
- Another common disease of coral begonia is bacterial spot. It is evidenced by the presence of small watery spots on the leaf plates. This disease cannot be treated, therefore, the flower and soil will have to be disposed of, and the pot must be processed.
- There are insect pests from which coral begonia most often suffers - these are scale insects and spider mites.
- This plant can be propagated at home using a 10-centimeter leafy cutting. In order for it to take root, it is placed in water or wet sand. As soon as they grow up to 1.5 cm, the cuttings are transplanted into the ground, and covered with a jar to create greenhouse conditions. If you lightly sprinkle the place where the stalk is in contact with the soil with wood ash, then the plant will not become infected with a fungal disease.
- There is another way of reproduction of coral begonia - with the help of a leaf. On its reverse side, you need to make cuts, put on a damp substrate and cover with foil. It is systematically recommended to cut off parts with formed roots, leaving only some for further growth. When transplanting, it is necessary to divide the rhizome. Such a procedure, in addition to reproduction, will also help to rejuvenate an adult begonia.
We offer you to watch a video about the breeding features of coral begonia:
Problems when growing begonias:
- When growing this flower, you may notice that it sheds foliage. If in winter there is a massive fall, it means that it is very cold in the room and the plant freezes. An increase in temperature will help.
- If, before the leaves fall off, they become colorless, then the coral begonia is affected by a nematode. Treatment is useless, the plant and contaminated soil must be disposed of.
- When the flower is in the kitchen, leaf wilting can often be observed. The cause of this problem is the harmful products of gas combustion, so it must be moved to another room.
We suggest watching a video about possible problems when growing coral begonia:
Why doesn't it bloom?
It so happens that begonia coral foliage gives, but does not bloom, there are reasons for this:
- One of them may be its young age, when the plant simply does not have time to develop before the time of its natural flowering.
- The begonia will not have flowers if it does not have enough light, therefore, if it is moved to a more lighted room, the position will change.
- If the edges of the leaves dry up and there are no flowers, too dry air may be the culprit. An increase in humidity in the room will help to correct the situation with the help of a container with water placed near the plant.
Extremely cold air has a negative effect on the flowering of coral begonia. In such conditions, flowers will not appear. It is necessary to create a comfortable air and thermal regime for the plant.
- If the flower's schedule of rest periods gets lost, then it will not have enough strength to bloom again. In order for everything to return to normal, you need to help the plant correct it, namely, in the summer, begonia:
- transfer to a dark, cool place;
- artificially reduce daylight hours;
- reduce watering.
After about 2 months, the flower must be gradually removed from this state: increase daylight hours, temperature and watering.
- Sometimes the lack of flowering is due to a deficiency of vitamins. Changing the soil to a special soil designed specifically for begonias will help.
- If there are pests or diseases on the plant, the plant may not start blooming either. In this case, appropriate treatment should be carried out.
Coral begonia is a real decoration for any interior... It refers to plants that are very responsive when properly cared for. If comfortable conditions are initially created, then it will bloom colorful and profusely for a long time.