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Jobs of the month in the garden in January
In the month of January no big jobs in the garden are needed. We have to worry about keeping the lawn and the flower beds clean from the leaves.
In areas with the mildest climate, where the risk of frost is small, during the weeks of January it is possible to prune flowering shrubs with late spring or summer flowering, such as roses, buddleje, caryopteris, etc. We leave intact the shrubs that bloom at the beginning of spring, such as calicanthus, forsizie, jasmine, camellias, azaleas; we will be able to grow these plants after flowering, because now they are already preparing flower buds.
the works of the month of January, therefore, must be calibrated in relation to the climate and exposure, as well as, naturally, to the type of plants present in the soil.
During this time of year it is better to use fertilizers with a high value of potassium and phosphorus, to strengthen the plants; if desired it is also possible to enrich the soil in preparation for spring: in this case we use mature organic fertilizer or slow release granular fertilizer, rich in nitrogen. This operation, to be carried out in autumn or at the end of winter, enriches the soil for a few months, so that the plants find many nutrients as soon as they begin to vegetate, when the temperatures tend to rise and the days get longer.If the season is very dry it is advisable to remember to water the evergreens even in January, since they do not have a real rest period; in regions with mild climate it may also be necessary to irrigate the lawn or the hedges, although in general the month of January is quite rainy, so as to allow us to avoid abundant watering.New plants in the garden
During the winter, most plants are at rest. It is therefore the ideal time to plant flowering shrubs in pots or pots. We are still in time to plant spring-flowering bulbous plants (eg crocus, allium, tulips, etc.), especially in regions where winters are not very harsh; in fact these plants can stand the cold only if they are already at home when the lowest temperatures arrive. If instead we want something ready to take effect, we plant violets that do not fear frost and bloom all winter. Also the heather is very suitable both for the garden and for the terraces and balconies.
Even in the orchard, if the land is not frozen, we can plant new fruit trees. To properly plant a fruit plant we will have to prepare a hole about 50-60 cm deep and 40-50 cm in diameter. On the bottom of the hole we will put mature manure that we will cover with a 10 cm layer of earth so that the roots do not come into contact with it; the plant must be positioned in the center of the hole. The hole must be covered with a soil composed of three parts of earth, a part of peat and a part of earthworm humus. It is advisable not to prune the plants during the colder months, in order to prevent the frost from ruining the branches. It is also important to spread mature manure around the fruit trees already home, without touching the trunk, and dig the surrounding earth. To be carried out is also a treatment with fungicides on all fruit trees in the garden; this operation is absolutely essential on peach, cherry, apricot and plum trees.
It is also possible to begin to prune both the vines and the fruit plants; we recommend the addition of organic substance to prepare the plant for spring.