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When growing roses in the middle lane in the autumn, it is necessary to prepare such flower crops for winter. However, many gardeners often do the wrong thing.
People are misled by fairly common myths about preparing roses for the cold season.... So, there are opinions that plants must be cut shortly in the fall, fed only with potassium and phosphorus, and spud.
It is also a mistake to think that rose shoots are very elastic, and spruce branches are an ideal insulation. In addition to everything, amateur gardeners, following false recommendations, often do the wrong thing in the process of building a shelter. There are 6 most popular misconceptions, which we will talk about below.
Myth 1: obligatory pruning of plants before shelter
Before cutting all the shoots of roses to a height of 20 to 30 centimeters, which many gardeners and summer residents are sure of the need to carry out, you should determine which plants of which varieties are present on your site.
It is recommended to prepare only hybrid tea roses by this method for the cold weather, as well as those that belong to the floribunda group. If you cut off the shrubs, budcovers and climbing plants, this can greatly slow down their growth next year to the point that they do not bloom at all.
If there is no way to accurately determine the variety, it is better to leave the rose uncircumcised.... In this case, it is recommended only to remove all buds and leaves, and bend the shoots to the ground before covering.
You should not cut off the shoots that appeared on the bushes in the warm autumn period, since they will be able to please you with large beautiful flowers in the future. It is necessary to shorten such shoots in the spring, which is a stimulus for the awakening of the buds located in the lower part of the plant.
Myth 2: the warmer the shelter, the better.
The protection for roses in terms of keeping warm is precisely the layer of air, but not the material itself used for covering. Snow can also serve as an excellent insulation.
Accordingly, the best shelter for roses is a frame made of boards, poles, plastic vegetable boxes or, for example, perforated plywood boxes, on top of which a spunbond with a density of 60 g / m2 is laid.
Myth 3: as top dressing - only potassium and phosphorus
In order to increase the immunity of plants in winter, they must receive not only phosphorus and potassium. Roses during cold weather also need calcium, magnesium and other beneficial trace elements. But what should not be in fertilizers is nitrogen. However, feeding by no means cancels the construction of the correct shelter.
Myth 4: the shoots are so elastic that it will not be difficult to bend them to the ground.
In fact, it is not so easy to bend rose shoots to the ground in one step. So you can harm. Therefore, you should not postpone the bending of the shoots until late autumn.: It is recommended to gradually lower and fix the branches closer to the ground from the end of September. Thus, by the very moment of shelter, the stems will already reach the ground.
Important! Rose shoots reach the maximum degree of elasticity during the day in warm weather. It is at such a time that it is better to tilt them without fear of breaking.
Myth 5: hilling is obligatory
Hilling processing has not only advantages, but also certain disadvantages. If a thaw sets in, the bottom of the bush can support it, and as a result of severe frosts, it can crack.
For this reason, only self-rooted roses grown from cuttings should be spilled without fail, since their root system is very unstable to low temperatures.
In special nurseries, you can buy seedlings in which roses are grafted onto rose hips.... Plants of this type are able to withstand the cold well, so you can refuse to hilling them.
But one important point should be considered: if the planting was carried out at a shallow depth, and the grafting site was above the ground level, it is better to spud the plant... For these purposes, it is recommended to use a substrate consisting of garden soil, peat and sand.
Myth 6: the ideal material for shelter is spruce branches.
It may not be difficult to get spruce branches in the right amount to insulate a couple of rose bushes. If there are a large number of plants on the site, this can become an insoluble problem. In this case, it becomes necessary to go to forestry and make inquiries about the planned felling of trees, from which it will be possible to pick up the unsolicited spruce branches. Illegal actions are fraught with a fine.
You can avoid such a hassle by purchasing a spunbond or roofing material. It is better to refuse the use of polyethylene film, since it disrupts air and moisture exchange.
The most correct approach to preparing roses for the winter period and warming them is the best option to keep them healthy until spring. Use only materials recommended for the construction of shelters., before pruning the shoots, determine the variety of the plant, use calcium, magnesium, phosphorus, potassium as fertilizers, refusing to apply nitrogen.
You should also find out if hilling can be of any benefit. And remember: blind faith in myths is only harm to roses on your site.