We are searching data for your request:
Upon completion, a link will appear to access the found materials.
At the very initial stage of growing eggplant, namely its seedlings, lovers will face difficulties in the form of many pests.
To successfully fight them in the upcoming season and protect yourself in the future, read our article.
Pests of eggplant seedlings, photo
Aphids are one of the most common pests both eggplant seedlings and adult plants. It causes significant harm to the plant by feeding on its juices. As a result the plant may die.
Differs in incredible fertility, in one season it can bring up to twenty generations. If you do not take action in time, then you can say goodbye to the harvest, and not only to eggplants.
Often found in greenhouse shelters... The mite lives, feeds and develops on the underside of the leaves. Differ in that their very difficult to deduce, sometimes it is necessary to make titanic efforts to clean the greenhouse of this pest.
At first, the leaf is covered with barely noticeable whitish dots and pimples. Then they get bigger and the leaves dry and fall off. Causing huge damage to plants, a tick actively developing throughout the summer season... It takes 15 to 30 days for one generation to develop.
Greenhouse whitefly (greenhouse)
Causes great damage to vegetables and eggplant seedlings are no exception. They feed on plant juices, as a result of which leaves curl, dry and fall off... In case of mass accumulation, they can cause significant harm to pepper seedlings.
These are the larvae of click beetles. They infect the roots of seedlings eggplant and pepper. They can also go outside and eat up the lower leaves. Plants damaged by this pest greatly lag behind in growth, which affects the yield.
This is a large insect up to 5 cm. Paving the way underground, bear damages plant roots... Thus, causing great harm to both young shoots and adult plants. Prefers to live in moist, humid soils.
They harm plants both in greenhouse and film shelters, and in open ground. Feed on seedling leaves, because of what she dies. The most active time for slugs is evening and night.
it worst enemy of all nightshade crops... It eats the leaves of eggplant seedlings, lives on pepper less often. Larvae are especially dangerous Colorado potato beetle, they have an excellent appetite and can destroy young shoots entirely, this can be a real disaster. Eggplant seedlings are particularly affected.
There are several types of this pest, potato, marsh, cotton and yellow. These are caterpillars of butterflies... They feed on leaves and the thinnest stems of seedlings. Their fertility is very high., one female is capable of laying up to 1000 eggs, of course, not all survive, but this is a lot.
Pest control measures
Next, let's talk about how to treat eggplant seedlings from pests?
Aphids on eggplant seedlings, what to do?
For those who do not want to apply chemicals on the site, natural remedies can be used. Spraying seedlings with a decoction of wormwood and tansy will be very effective.
Young shoots are simply sprayed with this solution, the pest does not tolerate this smell and dies, and those who survive will leave.
Also you can use a soapy solution, but it will make sense when the seedlings are not heavily affected.
Learn more about aphid control methods.
Fight against spider mites
Preventive measures in this matter are primarily... After the season, the greenhouse must be disinfected with bleach. Remove the remnants of all previous landings.
This will help protect from the invasion of this pest. If the seedlings have been attacked by a spider mite, then the same means are used as in the fight against aphids.
Read more about the fight against mites: chemicals and folk remedies.
Greenhouse whitefly control measures
You can wash off the larvae by watering the seedlings, while they drown and die. A more effective way, especially with a big defeat, is drugs "Confidor" and "Intavir".
There is a danger of overflowing seedlings, which can cause other problems. For minor lesions, you can also use an old, reliable soap solution.
Fighting the wireworm
To combat this very dangerous pest use special traps... To do this, take chopped root vegetables: potatoes, beets or carrots, stick them on thin wooden sticks.
Then they are inserted into pre-prepared holes and slightly sprinkled with earth, leaving for 3-5 days. After that, the trapped insects are collected and burned.
Watch a video on how to make wireworm traps:
How to deal with a bear?
In order for the pest not to get to your site where eggplant seedlings grow, you need make small grooves between the rows and fill them with sand dipped in kerosene or mothballs... Medvedka will not come close to you, and if it does appear, it will run away very quickly.
Read more about how to deal with the bear: effective remedies and folk methods.
Slugs and fighting them
Soil polishing, dusting with tobacco dust there will be very effective measures to combat this pest.
Also, as a preventive measure, you should not overmoisten the soil and regularly ventilate the greenhouse.
Fighting the Colorado potato beetle
Beetles and their larvae harvested by hand... To facilitate this process, you can lay out baits. If there are a lot of them, then it would be advisable to resort to chemistry, the drug "Prestige" will be very effective.
Read more about all methods of fighting the beetle, including folk methods.
Methods for dealing with gnawing scoops
To successfully combat this pest we need to get rid of the weeds, it is they that are the breeding ground where scoops breed.
Also for habitat disturbance weeding and increased watering of seedlings is necessary.
Read more on scoop control.
When growing eggplant seedlings, the diseases and pests of which we described in the article, many unpleasant surprises await a beginner and an experienced gardener.
Fighting them is not easy, but quite capable. Just follow the instructions. Good luck and good harvest!
Read other articles on growing and caring for eggplant seedlings:
- Different growing methods: in peat tablets, in a snail and even on toilet paper.
- All the features of sowing according to the lunar calendar.
- The golden rules for growing from seeds.
- Features of cultivation in various regions of Russia: in the Urals, Siberia and the Moscow region.
- Tips for preparing seeds before sowing, proper feeding and picking seedlings.
About pest control with folk remedies: