Many people think that growing eggplants in the Urals in the open field is an unrealistic task.
This is not the case, there are varieties and hybrids of eggplant that allow you to do this.
Read more about the features, timing of planting seedlings and other subtleties in our article.
When to plant eggplants for seedlings in the Urals?
REFERENCE! The Urals belongs to the area of agriculture with an increased risk, this is due to the fact that the summer in this region is short. In this regard, the choice of eggplant for growing in this region should be made in favor of early varieties or hybrids, this first rule will allow them to fully ripen and get a good harvest.
Second rule: it is necessary to choose varieties that are resistant to temperature extremes and tolerate low temperatures well.
There is a large selection of such seeds on the market now. The most famous among them are "Delicacy Gribovsky-752", "Dwarf early-951", "Dnestrovets", "Rotunda"... In a short summer in the Urals, these varieties have time to fully ripen, in addition, they have good yields and a number of other advantages. Learn more about preparing seeds before sowing.
It is better to grow under a film, this will give an additional guarantee that heat-loving vegetables will have time to ripen before the end of summer.
It is possible to do this in unprotected ground, but it is risky and troublesome. Therefore, in order to make life easier for yourself, you need to cover it with a film.
When growing seedlings of gardeners, many difficulties await; this is perhaps the most crucial stage in growing this type of nightshade. Falling seedlings, stretching and yellowing of foliage - this is not a complete list of the difficulties that gardeners have to face when growing it.
IMPORTANT! To avoid problems at the very beginning, the lighting regime should be strictly observed, seedlings are very fond of light, temperature and watering regime.
You should also watch out for harmful insects that can cause irreparable damage to small shoots. Also, a very important point will be the choice of containers for growing seedlings, they should be spacious and treated with an antiseptic.
How to grow eggplants in the Urals in a greenhouse? These vegetables in the Urals are grown only in heated greenhouses, since no other option is possible. It takes about three months from the moment the seeds were planted in the ground to their germination.
Planting dates for eggplant seedlings in the Urals. To be guaranteed to avoid return frosts, which is not uncommon for the Ural regions, it is better to wait until the middle of the month. It turns out seeds for seedlings should be planted in late February - early March.
Strong it is not worth delaying the deadline, since the plant has a long vegetative period and eggplants may not have time to ripen, even early maturing and frost-resistant ones.
Open ground transplant
The optimal time for planting eggplant seedlings in open ground is early-mid Junewhen you can not be afraid of frost at night.
For planting in open ground, varieties of early ripening, resistant to temperature extremes, are recommended.
How to plant eggplants for seedlings in the Urals? The harsh climatic conditions can be mitigated by the composition of the soil where the eggplants will grow. It should be rich in minerals and trace elements and be neutral in composition.
Eggplants like all nightshades do not like acidic soils... To lower the acidity, you can use chalk or dolomite flour, both products are equally good and effective and, most importantly, safe, as they are completely natural.
In terms of mechanical properties, loose and loamy soils are more suitable than others. Therefore, it is better to prepare it before planting. To do this, you need to take sand at the rate of one bucket per square meter. m. of land. You can add peat and ripe sawdust.
Then dig up everything and loosen it properly. For growing in unprotected soil choose a well-lit place, preferably without shade and drafts. To create optimal conditions, the following planting scheme is used: between seedlings 45-50 cm and 50-65 cm between rows.
This method of planting does not give excessive thickening and all the bushes will have enough light, this is especially important in summer conditions in the Urals. After planting in open ground, young shoots should first be protected at night with a covering material. After the bushes have finally hardened, the protection can be removed.
How to grow eggplants outdoors in the Urals?
It takes a lot of work to get a good eggplant harvest in the difficult climatic conditions of the Ural region.
In addition to the harsh weather conditions, another danger lies in wait for gardeners: these are pests.
Eggplant can be attacked by spider mites, Colorado potato beetles and other pests that eat nightshade crops. Aphids, mites and thrips can be fought by washing them off with soapy water, but Barrier will be more effective.
From the Colorado potato beetle, the Prestige remedy is effectively taken. Since eggplant seedlings are still grown in greenhouses, they are, among other things, threatened by the greenhouse whitefly and the drug Confidor has been successfully used against it for many years.
Most modern varieties and hybrids of eggplant, especially for regions with low temperatures, have good resistance to diseases, including fungal ones. But this does not mean that the owners of summer cottages can relax, no one canceled prevention.
Timely watering, abundant but infrequent, good lighting and low planting density is the first step to healthy plants and a good harvest. But all kinds of things are found on the site. If your plantings are affected by root rot, you need to reduce watering.
Blackleg Is an incurable disease that threatens to spread to other plants. To avoid this, the affected bushes are removed, and the places where they grew are treated with a disinfecting solution. Unfortunately, only such drastic measures can prevent the spread of the disease to the rest of the bushes.
It should be watered with lukewarm water every 10-12 days, but abundantly. Water should be passed through a filter or defended during the day. Top dressing should be carried out 3-4 times per season.... It is better to use complex fertilizers.
For this, such means as "Zdraven" "Kemira-hydro" "Kemira-Kombi" are suitable.
In addition, to provide the eggplant bushes with microelements, every 25-30 days, fertilizing with such preparations as "Zircon +" and "Cytovit" should be carried out. This will fully meet the needs of the plant for all the necessary substances.
Eggplant bushes require a mandatory garter, and its branches should be strengthened with props, since the fruits are quite large, which can cause them to break off. When the plant reaches 30-45 cm in growth, it can be pinched, leaving no more than 6 ovaries.
Fortunately, there are varieties that can be grown outdoors in the Urals. This is not the easiest thing, but if you try hard, everything will work out, of course. Good luck and a big harvest.
Read other articles on growing and caring for eggplant seedlings:
- Different growing methods: in peat tablets, in a snail and even on toilet paper.
- All the features of sowing according to the lunar calendar.
- The golden rules for growing from seeds.
- Features of cultivation in various regions of Russia: in Siberia and in the Moscow region.
- Is it obligatory to do a dive?
Tips for growing eggplant seedlings in the Urals from the practice: