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Practical advice on how to grow eggplants in Siberia? Step-by-step instructions from choosing a variety to planting and caring for seedlings in the open field

Practical advice on how to grow eggplants in Siberia? Step-by-step instructions from choosing a variety to planting and caring for seedlings in the open field


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Growing eggplants outdoors in Siberia now doesn't seem like a fantastic task.

Modern science offers many varieties that are resistant to harsh conditions.

How to grow eggplants in Siberia and all the difficulties and subtleties that you will have to face along the way - in our article.

When to plant eggplants for seedlings in Siberia?

Since the summer in Siberia is short, so the choice of eggplant for growing should be made in favor of early varieties or hybridsThis is the first rule, it will allow them to fully ripen and get a good harvest.

Second rule: you have to choose varieties that are resistant to temperature extremes and tolerate low temperatures well... There are many such seeds on the market today. Learn more about preparing seeds before sowing.

Suitable varieties for sowing eggplants for seedlings in Siberia: "Purple Miracle", "Nutcracker", "Sailor", "Robin Hood"... During the short Siberian summer, these varieties have time to fully ripen, in addition, they have a good yield and a number of other advantages.

REFERENCE! When growing seedlings, gardeners face many difficulties and this is perhaps the most difficult stage in growing this crop. Falling, stretching and yellowing of seedlings - this is not a complete list of the problems that one has to face when growing it.

To avoid problems at the very initial stage, the lighting regime should be strictly observed: seedlings loves light, temperature and irrigation.

You should also watch out for harmful insects that can cause irreparable harm to small shoots. A very important point will be the choice of containers for growing seedlings, they must be spacious and disinfected.

How to plant eggplants for seedlings in Siberia? Seedlings are grown only in heated greenhouses... Since another option is impossible not only in Siberia, but even in the southern regions. From the moment the seeds were planted in the ground and before their germination, 80-90 days pass.

Seedlings are planted at the end of May, even at the beginning of Junewhen the threat of frost has passed. Seeds for seedlings should be planted in late February, early March. It is not worth delaying the timing too much, since the plant has a long vegetative period and the eggplants will not have time to ripen, even early ripening varieties.

Landing in open ground

IMPORTANT! The best time for planting eggplant seedlings in open ground is the beginning of June, when the threat of frost is guaranteed to pass. For planting in open ground, varieties of early ripening are recommended.

The harsh conditions can be compensated for by the composition of the soil. It should contain many organic substances and be neutral in composition. To lower the acidity, you can use chalk or dolomite flour, both are good and effective and most importantly safe, as they are completely natural.

By mechanical properties loose and loamy soils are more suitable than others... Therefore, it is better to prepare it before planting.

To do this, you need to take sand at the rate of one bucket per square meter. m. of land. Then dig up everything and loosen it properly. Areas where potatoes grew last season are not recommended for planting eggplants.

For growing in unprotected soil you should choose an illuminated place, preferably without shade and drafts... To create optimal conditions, the following planting scheme is used: between seedlings 40-50 cm and 50-60 cm between rows.

This method of planting does not give thickening and all plants will have enough light, this is especially important in the conditions of the Siberian summer. After planting in open ground, young shoots at first should be protected at night with covering material.

For this, gardeners use non-woven "Agrotex" or "Spanboard". After the bushes have finally hardened, the protection can be removed.

Features of care for seedlings

ATTENTION! It takes a lot of work to get a good eggplant harvest in Siberian conditions. In addition to harsh weather conditions, another danger lies in wait for gardeners: these are harmful insects.

Eggplant can be attacked by spider mites, Colorado potato beetles and other pests that eat nightshade crops. It is possible to fight against aphids, mites and thrips by washing them off with soapy water, but it will be more effective to use the drug "Confidor" and "Barrier".

From the Colorado potato beetle, the Prestige remedy is effectively taken. Since the eggplant seedlings are still grown in greenhouses, they are also threatened by the greenhouse whitefly; the drug Confidor has been successfully used against it for many years.

Most modern varieties and hybrids of eggplant, especially for northern latitudes, have a very high resistance to diseases, including fungi. But this does not mean that gardeners can relax, no one canceled prevention.

Timely watering, abundant, but not frequent, good lighting and low planting density Is the first step towards healthy plants. But all kinds of things are found on the site. If your plantings are affected by root rot, you need to reduce watering.

Black leg is an incurable disease that threatens to spread to other plants. To avoid this, the affected bushes are removed, and the places where they grew are treated with a disinfecting solution. Unfortunately, only such drastic measures can prevent the spread of the disease to the rest of the bushes.

REFERENCE! It should be watered with lukewarm water every 10-12 days, but abundantly. Water should be passed through a filter or defended during the day. Top dressing should be carried out 3-4 times per season. It is better to use complex fertilizers. For this, such means as "Zdraven", "Kemira-hydro" and "Kemira-kombi" are suitable.

In addition, to provide the eggplant bushes with microelements, once every 25-30 days, fertilizing with such preparations as "Zircon +" and "Cytovit" should be carried out. This will fully meet the plant's need for all the necessary substances.

Eggplant bushes need a garter, and its branches must be strengthened with props, since the fruits are quite large, which can cause them to break off.

When the plant reaches 30-45 cm in growth, it can be pinched, leaving no more than 6 ovaries.

Growing a good harvest of this capricious nightshade crop in Siberian conditions is no more difficult than in the south, if you take the right variety. Following our instructions and advice, you will succeed, good luck.

So, we found out when to sow eggplants for seedlings in Siberia, gave the approximate dates for sowing seeds, and gave advice on how to properly grow eggplants in Siberia?

Useful materials

Read other articles on growing and caring for eggplant seedlings:

  • Different growing methods: in peat tablets, in a snail and even on toilet paper.
  • All the features of sowing according to the lunar calendar.
  • The golden rules for growing from seeds.
  • Features of cultivation in various regions of Russia: in the Urals and in the Moscow region.
  • Dive tips.

Practical advice from a gardener on the successful cultivation of eggplant in Siberia:


Watch the video: Talkin Tomatoes. How To Decide Which Varieties To Grow and Their Best Function (May 2022).


Comments:

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