An interesting hybrid F1 for experienced and novice gardeners "Leo Tolstoy": description, yield, rules of care

An interesting hybrid F1 for experienced and novice gardeners

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All lovers of sweet and juicy tomatoes will surely like the promising Leo Tolstoy hybrid. It is suitable for growing in a greenhouse or in the ground under a film, the fruits are large, bright, very tasty. Ripe tomatoes can be eaten fresh or used to make juices, sauces, and purees.

If you are interested in this variety of tomatoes, read more about it in our article. In it we will tell you both about the features of cultivation and about the main characteristics.

Tomato "Tolstoy" F1: variety description

A hybrid of Russian selection was bred for cultivation in all regions. Tomatoes are planted in the ground under a film or in a greenhouse, depending on the climatic zone. The harvested fruits are well stored, transportation is possible. Tomatoes plucked in the technical ripeness phase ripen quickly at home.

This variety is a hybrid of the first generation, unpretentious in terms of keeping conditions. Determinate bush, up to 130 cm high. A compact, strong plant does not need pinching and tying. The plant forms a moderate amount of greenery. Medium early hybrid, fruiting begins at 110-115 days. One bush can be harvested 2.5-3 kg of tomatoes.

Among the main advantages of the variety:

  • good productivity;
  • juicy fleshy fruits with a pleasant sweetish taste and delicate aroma;
  • resistance to major diseases of nightshade;
  • cold resistance;
  • a compact bush that does not require pinching and tying to a support.

There are practically no disadvantages of the variety. Some gardeners note that fewer ovaries are formed under adverse weather conditions. The variety is sensitive to soil nutrition.

You can see the yield of other varieties of tomatoes in the table below:

Variety nameYield
Lev Tolstoy2.5-3 kg per bush
Russian size7-8 kg per square meter
Long Keeper4-6 kg per bush
Podsinsky miracle5-6 kg per square meter
American ribbed5.5 kg per bush
De Barao the giant20-22 kg per bush
Premier6-9 kg per square meter
Polbig4 kg per bush
Black bunch6 kg per bush
Kostroma4-5 kg ​​per bush
Red bunch10 kg per bush

Fruit characteristics:

  • Fruits are medium in size. In the first harvest, tomatoes are usually larger, reaching 500 g. The rest of the tomatoes are smaller, 200-300 g each.
  • Maturation takes place throughout the season.
  • Ripe tomatoes are bright red, flat-rounded, slightly ribbed.
  • Moderately firm skin prevents the tomatoes from cracking.
  • Fruits contain 5-6 chambers, the pulp is juicy, pleasantly sweet.
  • The taste is very intense; some people compare the taste of tomatoes to watermelon.
  • The high content of sugars and beta-carotene makes the fruit ideal for baby and diet nutrition.

You can compare the weight of the fruits of this variety with others in the table below:

Variety nameFruit weight
Lev Tolstoy200-500 grams
The president250-300 grams
Summer resident55-110 grams
Broody90-150 grams
Andromeda70-300 grams
Pink Lady230-280 grams
Gulliver200-800 grams
Banana red70 gram
Nastenka150-200 grams
Olya-la150-180 grams
De Barao70-90 grams

A salad variety, suitable for preparing side dishes, hot dishes, soups, sauces and mashed potatoes. Ripe fruits produce a thick and sweet juice, ideal for baby food.

A photo

You can see the fruits of the Leo Tolstoy tomato in the photo:

Growing features

Seeds for seedlings are sown in March and early April. Light soil with a neutral reaction is used for planting. The optimal composition is a mixture of garden or turf soil with humus or peat. For greater looseness, washed river sand or vermiculite is added to the soil. A small dose of superphosphate or wood ash will increase the nutritional value.

Before sowing, seeds are disinfected with a solution of hydrogen peroxide or potassium permanganate, and then soaked in a growth stimulator for 10-12 hours. Prepared and dried seeds are sown with a depth of 1.5 cm and covered with foil. The ideal temperature for germination is 25 degrees. After germination, the seedlings move to a well-lit place: on the sill of a south-facing window, or under powerful electric lamps.

After unfolding 2-3 true leaves, the seedlings dive into separate pots. After the transplant, fertilizing is carried out with a complex mineral fertilizer. Watering of seedlings is moderate, only warm, settled water is used. In order for the seedlings to develop evenly, the seedling pots are constantly rotated. Plants intended for planting in the ground must be hardened. They are taken out into the open air, gradually increasing the time spent outdoors. On warm days, seedlings can be spent on the balcony or in the garden all day.

Planting in the ground or greenhouse takes place in May or early June. Before planting, the soil is thoroughly loosened, potassium-phosphorus fertilizers and wood ash are introduced into each hole (1 tablespoon per bush). The bushes are planted at intervals of 40 cm, the distance between the rows is 60 cm. After planting, the plants are watered with warm, settled water. In the future, watering is moderate, once every 6-7 days. Tomatoes do not tolerate stagnant moisture in the soil, but they do not like drought either. Watering is carried out after the topsoil dries slightly.

During the season, it is recommended to feed the plantings 3-4 times with complex fertilizer with a high content of phosphorus and potassium. After the onset of the flowering period, nitrogen-containing fertilizers cannot be used, which cause a massive discharge of ovaries. Fruits are harvested as they ripen and lasts all summer. In the greenhouse, the ovaries are formed before frost, the last fruits can ripen at home.

Pests and diseases

Like many hybrids, Leo Tolstoy is susceptible to some typical diseases: fusarium, late blight, gray rot. To prevent viral infections, disinfecting the soil with an aqueous solution of potassium permanganate or copper sulfate will help. It is recommended to plant tomatoes on soil occupied by legumes, herbs, cabbage or carrots. In the greenhouse, the topsoil is renewed annually.

The land between the rows must be mulched with peat or straw, this will protect the plants from late blight and black leg. Regular airing of greenhouses helps with fungal diseases, as well as frequent spraying of plantings with a pale pink solution of potassium permanganate or diluted phytosporin. Diseased plants must be destroyed immediately. With timely preventive measures, the risk of tomato infection is reduced to a minimum..

Regular inspection of plantings will help from damage by pests. Tomatoes are threatened by naked slugs, aphids, whiteflies, thrips, spider mites.

In the open field, plants infect Colorado beetles and a bear. You can get rid of slugs and beetle larvae using an aqueous solution of ammonia. Plants affected by aphids are washed with warm soapy water, and the mite is destroyed with insecticides. It is important not to allow toxic drugs to get on the surface of the soil, flowers and fruits.

"Lev Tolstoy" is an interesting and fruitful hybrid, which should be grown not only by experienced, but also by novice gardeners. Planting tomatoes in a greenhouse, regular feeding and disease prevention helps to achieve a good harvest. With proper agricultural technology, there will be no problems with the variety, small mistakes are quite permissible.

You can familiarize yourself with the Leo Tolstoy tomato variety in the following video:

In the table below you will find links to tomato varieties with different ripening periods:

Mid lateEarly ripeLate ripening
gold fishYamalPremier
Raspberry miracleRose of WindGrapefruit
Market miracleDivaBull heart
De Barao OrangeBuyanBobcat
De Barao RedIrinaKing of Kings
Honey fireworksPink spamGrandma's gift
Krasnobay F1Red GuardSnowfall F1

Watch the video: Tolstoy Biography 1970 (August 2022).