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Different varieties of potatoes differ not only in their yield or taste, but also in that, according to the State Register, they are suitable for growing only in certain regions.
That is, the soil and climatic conditions in your area are best suited to any particular type of potato.
However, there are varieties that are intended for all regions of the country, without exception. A striking representative of such is "Nevsky".
Potatoes Nevsky: variety description
|general characteristics||mid-early table potatoes, considered the best of domestic ones, close to the Dutch varieties in terms of yield|
|Ripening period||70-85 days|
|Mass of marketable tubers||90-130 gr|
|The number of tubers in the bush||9-15|
|Yield||380-500 c / ha|
|Consumer qualities||the pulp does not darken during mechanical damage and cooking, good taste|
|Preferred growing regions||fertile sandy loam and light loam with a deep arable layer|
|Disease resistance||moderately resistant to common scab and late blight|
|Growing features||cannot be planted in cold soil or directly from storage, sensitive to breakage of sprouts, responds well to increased doses of fertilizers|
|Originator||CJSC "Vsevolozhsk selection station"|
This variety was bred in the North-West Research Institute of Agriculture with the help of crossing of two other varieties (Veselovskaya and Candidate) back in 1976. It was included in the State Register of Varieties of the Russian Federation in 1982. Refers to medium-late varieties of potatoes, complete the maturity of the plant occurs in 75 - 90 days after the first shoots. The undoubted advantages of Nevsky include its yield, on average, about 35-50 tons of potatoes are obtained from one hectare of crops.
You will find information about the yield of other varieties in this table:
|Nevsky||380-500 c / ha|
|Ilyinsky||180-350 c / ha|
|knapweed||200-480 c / ha|
|Laura||330-510 c / ha|
|Irbit||up to 500 c / ha|
|Sineglazka||up to 500 c / ha|
|Adretta||up to 450 c / ha|
|Alvara||290-440 c / ha|
|Breeze||up to 620 c / ha|
|Zekura||450-550 c / ha|
|Kubanka||up to 220 c / ha|
One bush of this variety forms 10-15 tubers. The tubers themselves are quite massive, they can reach up to 130 g each. The shape is oval-round with a thin light yellow skin and creamy fleshwhich does not darken for a long time after cutting. Starch content 10 - 13%.
The eyes on the tubers are small, pinkish. Potatoes of this variety, among other things, have a long shelf life, however, in low temperature conditions, the tubers germinate faster than usual. Marketability remains at an impressive 92 - 95% mark.
You can find the keeping quality indicators of other potato varieties in the table below:
|Variety name||Keeping quality|
Bushes of Nevsky potatoes are low, erect, have many branched stems. During flowering, the plant has many white flowers, but they also fall off quickly. The sheets are wide, with a glossy surface, dark green in color. Due to their large size and surface, they reflect the sun's rays well, preventing moisture from evaporating quickly, which helps the bush to survive dry weather.
We bring to your attention some interesting materials about the properties of potatoes. Why is solanine dangerous, is it possible to eat potatoes raw and how is juice useful, why do people eat sprouts?
The photo shows the potato variety "Nevsky":
First of all, it is worth mentioning about excellent taste of this variety... Only because of them alone, many gardeners choose Nevsky for planting. Potatoes of this variety can be boiled and fried, but they are most suitable for adding to various soups and salads. But for making mashed potatoes, it is better not to use it due to its low starch content.
IMPORTANT! Among other things, Nevsky is rich in vitamin C, which is a natural antioxidant.
For good growth, Nevsky does not require any unnecessary care or specific conditions. The only thing he needs is warmth... Therefore, it is better to plant it on the beds at that time of spring, when the last frosts have already passed.
From the fact that it is intended for cultivation in all regions of the Russian Federation, it can be concluded that it perfect for all types of our soils. However, more will suit him. sandy loam and light loam... Illumination is another key to a bountiful harvest. You should not plant your potatoes in the shade of houses, trees, etc., because this will negatively affect its growth.
As for planting, immediately before planting the tubers, they should be thoroughly rinsed with a solution of potassium permanganate, this will disinfect your planting material.
Holes for tubers should be on half a meter apart, the distance between the rows increases by several tens of centimeters, and the depth of the holes themselves should be at the mark in 20 cm. Such a strict distance between plants is first of all maintained so that later it would be more convenient to do hilling.
About whether it is necessary to huddle potatoes, how is it better to do it - manually or using a walk-behind tractor, and whether it is possible to get a good harvest without weeding and hilling, read the articles on our website.
Also it is recommended to place fertilizer in the form of bird droppings or manure in each well... Subsequently, this variety does not need any additional fertilizing with minerals. Read more about how to feed potatoes, when and how to apply fertilizers and which of them are the best, how to properly feed the plants when planting.
IMPORTANT! To plant tubers in the soil, you need to strictly sprouts up.
In general, these potatoes are grown using standard agricultural practices. If necessary, mulching can be used to control weeds and additional watering during dry times.
Diseases and pests
Nevsky potatoes boast good resistance to many diseases: alternaria, rhizoctonia, scab, late blight, potato cancer, fusarium, verticillosis, late blight of tubers.
Its only weakness is the nematode.... If this attack is not detected in time (and it is difficult to do this, because the plants susceptible to these pests outwardly do not differ in any way from healthy ones), then it, without exaggeration, can destroy almost all of your crop.
Nematodes are small worms that mainly affect plant roots. It is because of this that it is difficult to detect the coming trouble in time. And if you cannot notice the pest in time, then the best means of dealing with it will be preventive methods of protection:
- only healthy and undamaged tubers should be allowed for planting;
- alternation of crops and the return of potatoes to their former planting site no earlier than 3 years later;
- constant removal of weeds and digging of soil in the fall;
- if plants affected by a nematode were found, then they should be immediately separated from healthy ones and subsequently burned.
You can hear and see about possible biological methods of protection against nematodes in this video:
Often, gardeners are also troubled by such pests as Colorado beetles, potato moths, bears, wireworms. On our site you will find a lot of useful recommendations on how to deal with them effectively:
- How to get rid of a wireworm in your garden.
- We clean the beds from potato moth: part 1 and part 2.
- How to drive away a bear using chemistry or folk methods.
- Fighting the Colorado potato beetle and its larvae - folk and chemical preparations:
Excellent yield, culinary and taste characteristics, unpretentious cultivation. All these features made Nevsky one of the most popular varieties of potatoes both at home and abroad. So you can be sure that it will not become superfluous on your site.
At the end of the article, I would like to say that there are many varieties and methods of growing them. We invite you to get acquainted with modern Dutch technologies, learn all the intricacies of growing early varieties, read about which varieties are popular in Russia and what are grown in other countries of the world, how to turn potato growing into a profitable business. And also everything about alternative methods: under straw, in bags, in boxes, in barrels, from seeds.
We also offer you to familiarize yourself with other varieties of potatoes that have different ripening periods:
|Mid late||Medium early||Superearly|
|Son||The dark woman||Farmer|
|Crane||Lord of the open spaces||Meteor|