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How to grow bell peppers in a polycarbonate greenhouse: the nuances of growing, planting and care

How to grow bell peppers in a polycarbonate greenhouse: the nuances of growing, planting and care


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One of the popular vegetable crops on personal plots is bell pepper. To get the vitamins you need after a long winter, every gardener or summer resident is always looking for ways to get a harvest of vegetables earlier.

Pepper heat-loving plant and does not grow very well outdoors.

To solve this issue, you don't have to invent a bicycle, it is a well-known greenhouse growing method that speeds up the process of harvesting. And so, the postulate can be distinguished: bell pepper - cultivation in a greenhouse, a guarantee of high yields!

Variety selection

Indoors you can grow a variety of varieties, differing in the size and color of the fruit, their shape and flavor shades. Bell peppers can be conical, elongated, oval, or spherical, with colors ranging from dark green to pale yellow, red, or orange. The size fruit fluctuates from 1 to 30 cm in length.

Plants are divided into groups according to maturity and size of the bush. Choice this or that option depends on the type of greenhouse and climatic conditions of a particular region.

In areas with a temperate climate, very early and early peppers can be grown in a film greenhouse without additional heating. Their ripening period is from 90 to 110 days after the appearance of the first shoots.

Desirable to choose plants with compact or medium spreading bushes suitable for confined greenhouse spaces... In heated winter greenhouses, you can grow any varieties, focusing on the taste, appearance and juiciness of the fruit. Planting of peppers with different vegetation periods is possible, allowing harvests to be obtained until late autumn.

In addition to early maturing varieties it is recommended to try later, the period of growth and maturation of which lasts up to 150 days. Late-ripening peppers are distinguished by a very interesting taste, increased juiciness and large fruit size, moreover, they are rarely found on sale.

Among the popular varieties and hybrids:

  • Early ripe: "Ilya Muromets", "Orange Miracle", "Green Miracle", "Toad", "Tenderness", "Gambler", "Winnie the Pooh", "Ruby Stars". Suitable for plastic greenhouses, pest resistant.
  • Medium early: "California Miracle", "Swallow", "Firstborn of Siberia", "Night", "Golden Rain", "Gift of Moldova". Medium early varieties and hybrids have small fruits, the yield in the soil is low, in greenhouses it increases significantly.
  • Mid-late and late: Garden Ring, Albatross, Paris, Lyudmila, Sailor, Vivaldi, Figaro. They are practically not grown in the open ground of the middle lane, they give good yields in heated greenhouses. The fruits have a long shelf life and are impressive in size.

Greenhouse requirements

Shelter for pepper can be heated or without additional heating... An unheated greenhouse is suitable for early maturing varieties, it allows you to achieve a good and fast harvest in regions with a temperate and warm climate. Such greenhouses build without foundation, on wooden or metal frames.

A cold greenhouse can be covered with foil or glass. Some growers use disused window frames. The approach is economical, but such a greenhouse will have to be repaired before the start of each season.

Capital winter greenhouses more practical build on a solid foundation, it is possible to sink into the ground by half a meter. Welded metal structures with anti-corrosion coating are used as a frame.

Winter greenhouses cover double layer of polyethylene film, tempered glass or polycarbonate... The latter option is considered the most durable, but it is more expensive.

The structure must be equipped with vents, a double door and lamps for illumination. You can heat the greenhouse using boilers or wood-burning stoves. The drip irrigation system is used only in expensive industrial greenhouses, in simpler watering is carried out from buckets or hoses, directly under the root plants.

Peppers can be grown together with other warm and moisture-loving crops. Ideal neighbors for them are cucumbers and radishes. Bell peppers undesirable to plant together with herbs and tomatoes. No less dangerous neighbor - bitter pepper... When placed in the same greenhouse, pollination is possible, sweet fruits will acquire an unpleasant bitter taste.

Growing features

First step - selection of seeds for sowing... They should be fresh, two years after harvesting, the germination of seeds decreases sharply.

Before sowing, the material can be soaked for 10-12 hours in a growth stimulant solution. After that the seeds are washed and wrapped in a damp cotton cloth for pecking.

For greenhouse cultivation, seeds can be sown in peat pots or boxes. Planting is carried out in February or early March, since the germination period takes at least 7 days, and often lasts up to a month. The seed placement depth should not exceed 10 mm. The container with seeds is covered with glass or foil and placed in a warm, well-lit place.

Seedlings can be grown in an apartment or in a year-round heated greenhouse. For successful germination of pepper seeds need good humidity and temperature 20-25ºC... After the appearance of entrances, the temperature in the room is lowered, the plants begin to harden, removing the glass for certain periods of time.

2 weeks after the appearance of the entrances, the seedlings watered with solution complex mineral fertilizers... At the age of 2 months, the grown peppers are quite ready for transplantation to a permanent place in the greenhouse. Plants are placed at a distance of 30 cm from each other.

The soil should be light enough, neutral acidity. It is recommended to add peat and sand to the garden soil. The soil necessary good loosen and add ash to it, humus or mineral fertilizers (potash, superphosphate).

It is not recommended to apply fresh manure, it can lead to massive fall of flowers and excessive overgrowth of bushes.

The basis of care for peppers - timely watering warm settled water. Watering is carried out only at the root. Plants are very moisture-loving and do not tolerate even short-term drought. Open containers of water and frequent watering of the floor and glass will help maintain the humidity level in the greenhouse.

Occasionally the greenhouse needs to be ventilated... The ideal temperature is 18-25ºC, a sudden cold snap or exhausting heat is equally undesirable. Plants also do not tolerate average daily temperature drops.

Pepper loves frequent and abundant feeding. Some growers add a mild mullein solution each time they water. Balanced mineral complexes can also be added to the soil. After a year intensive exploitation topsoil in the greenhouse you need completely replace, this contributes to higher yields.

Bell peppers do not tolerate heavy, caked soil, reacting with slow growth and lack of ovaries. At least once a week, it is necessary to loosen the soil between the plants, providing oxygen to the roots.

If there is no possibility of regular loosening, the soil needs to be mulched humus, sawdust, straw or sunflower seed husks.

A watering hole is left around each plant. For the correct development of the bush and the formation of ovaries, it is necessary to regularly remove the leaves on each plant. No more than 2 strong lateral shoots are left on the bush, the rest are pinched.

Required leaves and shoots are removed below the main branching zone. This technique promotes correct insolation, the plant does not waste energy on building up green mass, concentrating on the formation of ovaries.

Pepper bushes are very fragile and easily damaged during processing. For greenhouses it is better to choose compact plantswithout sprawling lateral shoots. Elongated stems must be tied up, otherwise they will break under the weight of the fruit.

The harvest time depends on how long they are going to be stored. For transportation and sale peppers of technological maturity are ideal... At this stage, the fruits are fully formed and range in color from green to yellowish.

Peppers of full physiological maturity have a bright color, which is fully consistent with the variety, and a pronounced taste. Such fruits must be eaten immediately, they cannot be stored. The harvest is removed in the morningby carefully cutting or plucking the fruit along with the short stalk.

Delicious and juicy bell peppers are quite unpretentious. With a well-equipped greenhouse, adherence to the irrigation and feeding regime, even an inexperienced grower will be able to achieve excellent yields... Having received good results, you can start experimenting with varieties and even breeding work.

For helpful tips on growing peppers in a greenhouse, see the video below:


Watch the video: Peppers LOVE This GREENHOUSE! Pepper Harvest. Greenhouse Tour (May 2022).


Comments:

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