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The harmful bug is especially active during the ripening and growth of crops.
It is present in fields and vegetable gardens, can penetrate into grain storage facilities and cause significant harm to them. To be safe, you need to know his behavior, habits and features.
A bug from the family of "bugbugs-turtles" can reach more than 10 millimeters in length, maximum - 13 millimeters. Its head is one and a half times smaller than the pronotum.
Pronotum has rounded margins. The body of the pest is flat, covered with lines to a point. The scientific name for the bug is Eurygaster integricep.
Harmful turtles survive the winter mainly among fallen leaves, that is, their places of concentration are forests and gardens. When the air warms up to +15, these bugs wake up from hibernation. Approximately this temperature is reached in spring, so winter varieties are more threatened. The wind is very important for the migration of harmful turtles - in which direction it will blow. Bed bugs can cover distances up to 50 kilometers, but in some cases the length may increase to two hundred kilometers.
After the bugs find the right place, they begin to multiply. After two weeks, the females lay their eggs. Eggs can be found on crops, weeds, and dead plant parts. After another seven days, larvae will begin to hatch from the eggs.
Growing up period divided into five phases and in total is a little more than a month. A special feature is the fact that even small larvae begin to harm the plantings. They eat food that adult nasty turtles eat. That is, the larvae are full-fledged pests. The lifespan of an adult pest is almost a year, namely about ten months, that is, the probability of surviving until the next season is quite high.
Bug predominantly inhabits in the steppe zone and in the southern forest-steppe. It can be found in Russia, Ukraine, Central Asia. It is also found in foreign countries such as Greece, Romania, Turkey, Pakistan and many others.
Harmful turtles destroy wheat, oats and barley. Corn is also sometimes invaded. At the end of the growing season, the bugs move to the grain storage. The rest go to winter, where they dig into the ground and wait for the next spring. They are dangerous because they damage even not eaten plants. Their saliva makes the grain unsuitable for food, gluten loses its elasticity - the dough from such grain will be viscous and gray. If left to chance, then the harvest can be lost completely. When harmful turtles do not find fertile land that has been cultivated by humans, they begin to feed on wild plants and crops. About the appearance of this pest these signs may indicate:
- young shoots wither sharply;
- grains change color;
- ears change in shape.
Attention! Bedbugs of this type are harmless to humans, they are not carriers of diseases, they do not bite, etc.
The fight against a bug with a turtle lay down, if you first prepare, find information about them. The preventive path - prevention of an invasion at the very beginning - will be the easiest. To do this, use varieties that are resistant to parasites, fertilize the ground with preparations based on potassium and phosphorus, check the site for weeds, and surround it with forest belts. Bedbugs see an obstacle in them and do not fly further, thereby the site remains safe.
If harmful turtles nevertheless made their way to the site and are already harming it, you will have to get rid of them directly. One of the easiest solutions is chickens. A chicken can exterminate a fairly large number of bedbugs per day. But this method is not suitable for large industrial scale. Chickens will be a salvation only for small farms with small areas.
Chemicals are the second most powerful bed bug control tool. One of the most popular products is Aktara. The tool acts very quickly, in an hour the pests lose their ability to feed, that is, they lose their ability to harm, and die in 24 hours. There is one more remedy faster in effect - "Karate Zeon"... Death occurs in less than a day. It can be applied both locally and by spraying from the air, covering large areas. Other products - for example, Fastak, Mavrik - have also proven to be highly effective.
Attention! When working with chemicals yourself, strictly follow the instructions. Observe dosage and safety rules. Otherwise, you risk not only the condition of the crop, but also your health.
Bed bugs of the type "harmful turtles" Is one of the many threats to agriculture. If this species is not dangerous for humans, then for grain crops it is a big and serious blow. Bedbugs can sneak into barns, cause significant damage to grain, flour becomes inedible, therefore, the crop is lost. If there is a suspicion that the site has been attacked by a bug, you should immediately pay attention to the characteristic signs of its appearance and choose an appropriate strategy for solving the problem.
Fortunately, this threat has been widely studied for a long time, and there are a number of measures to eliminate it. Prevention will be the creation of forest belts around the site, the use of special fertilizers. On a small scale, chickens will help to deal with the bug; they destroy the pest quite intensively. If things have gone too far, then chemicals will have to be used.
Next, you will see a photo of a bug of a harmful turtle:
In this video, you will find out at what stage of development the harmful bug is harmful to the bug: