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Carrots have long been famous for their beneficial properties, trace elements and vitamins... The carotene contained in it is extremely useful for maintaining tone and treating visual acuity. Also, carrots have the following characteristics:
- carrots are actively used in cosmetics industry and is part of various face and hair masks;
- as a cosmetic product, carrots can also be used and at home;
- as an effective remedy in the fight against various diseases, it is also used in folk medicine;
- it is impossible to do without carrots in cooking culinary dishes.
Usually, harvesting carrots ends in mid-September - early October, and she wants to feast on all winter, until next spring. Read about the timing and rules for harvesting carrots with us.
If the necessary preparations for the winter in the form of dried carrots, as well as dried and even frozen, have already been made, then how to preserve the remaining harvest?
How to store carrots and beets in the cellar for the winter? Read about storing beets in the cellar on our website.
Storing carrots in a cellar in winter is not an easy task, since, unlike other vegetables, carrots have a very thin peel through which bacteria penetrate easily.
Also, carrots are more prone to fungal diseases.
Therefore, in order to keep carrots safe and sound throughout the winter, you need to have a lot of knowledge in the horticulture and horticulture industry.
Earlier we already talked about storing carrots in an apartment, now let's talk about saving root crops in cellars. If you are a beginner in this field and are just starting to comprehend the basics of gardening and horticulture, then this article is addressed to you.
In it we will explain in detail basic rules and methods for storing carrots in the cellar in winter. To properly save carrots in a cellar or basement, the following features must be taken into account. How to store carrots in the cellar for the winter?
How to prepare the room (basement) before storing carrots for the winter in the cellar? This is not the most difficult task, as many might think, but very important. If the premises are improperly prepared for future storage, you run the risk of getting negative result Your labor.
Carrots can easily sprout or rotif she is not given the proper conditions.
How to store carrots in the cellar correctly? Therefore, in order for the root crop to retain its appearance and taste before the next harvest, the following must be done before placing carrots in the cellar:
- Ventilate the room... It is very important that the storage room for carrots is cool and odor-free.
- Disinfect premises. To do this, you need a 2% solution of chlorine lime. Lime is taken at the rate of 1 kg per 110-140 m2 of surface. After that, the walls of the basement are sprayed with lime. Important! Disinfection should be started one month before the upcoming storage of carrots.
- Whitewash the walls premises with lime. Two weeks after the disinfection procedure, you must go to the whitewashing of the walls. To prepare a lime mortar, it is necessary to take 200 g of copper sulfate at the rate of two to three kilograms of fresh lime per 10 liters of water. Solution consumption: 0.5 l of solution per 1 m2.
These are three basic rules in order to properly prepare the room for the future successful storage of carrots.
How do I prepare carrots for storage? First, you should find out which carrot varieties suitable for long-term storage, and which are not.
For long-term savings conical root crops of varieties are perfect:
Read about the best varieties for winter storage here.
Quick spoilage early varieties of carrots are susceptible, such as:
- Parisian carotel;
Next, you need to select and sort out the carrots, it must be intact, without any kind of damage, since through them the carrot is susceptible to the penetration of pathogenic bacteria and fungal diseases into it. Therefore, carrots that have damage are absolutely unsuitable for long-term storage. And lastly, the tops of carrots must be removed.
It is extremely important to note that the tops can not be cut off! It should not be removed entirely, leaving a few mm (about 2-3). The tops should be trimmed with a pointed knife.
This is the fastest and most convenient way to prepare carrots for storage in the cellar. After completing these very simple procedures, you can go directly to the process of saving carrots.
How to store carrots in the basement in winter? Acceptable temperature in a place where carrots will be stored in the future should be at least 0 ° C and not more than 2 ° C. Air access to stored carrots should be limited as much as possible, and ventilation should be moderate. Moisture in the room should not exceed the maximum maximum of 97%.
Important! Any, even the smallest changes in temperature can greatly affect the condition of carrots, it may start to sprout, rot or dry out. Therefore, carrots should be stored in places that do not freeze in winter: cellars, basements or pits.
By properly conserving carrots, you will retain all of their beneficial nutrients and flavor characteristics, and minimize wastage.
Choice of containers
What is the best way to store carrots? There are several different options provided for long-term storage of carrots in the basement for the winter:
- in sand;
- in plastic bags;
- in clay;
- in moss;
- in coniferous sawdust;
- in onion or garlic skins;
- in an enamel pot;
- in the beds;
- in plastic boxes.
How to store carrots in the cellar in winter? The best and most common the way is to save carrots in the sand. It is actively used by gardeners and summer residents, because at the dachas the question does not arise: where to get sand and there are no problems with basement cool places. We will describe each method in more detail below, as well as provide step-by-step instructions.
Can carrots be stored in sugar bags? Tips for storing carrots from an experienced summer resident in this video:
If carrots are stored in the right conditions for them, in a basement with air temperature from -2 ° C to + 1 ° C and moisture content air in 90-96%, then the carrots can be stored from 4 to 7 months.
If you store carrots not in a cool place, with an air temperature of + 2 ° C to + 4 ° C, then under such conditions shelf life is significantly reduced and can be maximum 2-3 months.
Also, the shelf life of root crops depends on the method you choose:
- In clay - with this method, carrots can be stored until a new harvest (1 year).
- In wet sand - carrots can be stored from 7 to 9 months.
- In sawdust - can be stored until a new harvest (1 year).
- In boxes - carrots can be stored from 4 to 7 months.
- In plastic bags - from 2 to 3 months.
How to store carrots in a cellar in winter? Consider step-by-step instructions for saving carrots with various options.
In plastic bags
How to store carrots in a cellar in winter in bags? To store carrots in bags for the winter in the cellar, you will need foil bags, designed from 5 to 25 kg.
Due to the fact that in film bags the moisture content of the air itself is high, then carrots does not rot, germinate or fade.
The bags should be kept open and preserved as they are, because carrots release CO2, which in small quantities can prevent the development of fungal diseases.
If the bags are kept closed, the CO2 content will exceed the O2 saturation, which will spoil the carrots... If you are going to save carrots in tied bags, then you need to make cracks in them for air to enter.
During the period of saving root crops, the top on the packages begins to form condensate, this indicates an excessive moisture content in the room. Then it should be scattered near the bags slaked lime (fluff), which will absorb excess moisture.
Storing carrots in cling film in the cellar: wash the carrots, dry them (is it worth washing the carrots before storing?). And pieces of 3-5, depending on the size, wrap in plastic wrap.
How to store carrots for the winter in a cellar in the sand? This method is the most popular and widespread.
Because sand shrinks the moisture miasm from carrots, maintains a healthy temperature, and also helps avoid development of various diseases.
To save root crops in this way, we need:
- clay sand (river sand will not work);
Does storing carrots in sand imply dry or wet sand? To preserve carrots, it is best suited wet sand... You can make loose sand moistened as follows: a bucket of sand is diluted with one liter of water. After the sand is moistened, it is laid out on the bottom of the box, a layer of carrots is poured, and back covered with sand. Carrots and sand alternating in layers.
Despite the fact that the sand must be moistened while preserving the carrots, some summer residents dry sand is also readily used, giving preference to buckets over boxes. With this method, sand is poured onto the bottom of the bucket, then the carrots alternately change with sand.
You can learn about storing carrots in the sand from this video:
How to store carrots for the winter in a cellar without sand? How to pour carrots for storage for the winter? Can carrots be stored in sawdust?
In coniferous sawdust
How to store carrots in the cellar in the winter in sawdust? To save, we need:
- coniferous sawdust;
Saving carrots in sawdust by technology is very similar to the previous method.
Just like sand, sawdust laid out in layers alternately with carrots.
Sawdust is also an excellent filler, due to the fact that they contain such beneficial featureslike: phytoncides, which help to avoid germination of carrots, and also prevent the diffusion of fungus and viral microbes into the structure of the carrot.
You can learn how to store carrots in sawdust from the video:
In the moss
Can carrots be stored in moss? To save, we need:
Saving carrots in moss differs from other conservation methods in that it provides correct preparation of raw materials... First, the unwashed carrots must be dried in the sun. After it has dried well, it should be left in a cool place for a day. Laying technology, as in the case of sand and sawdust - alternately in layers moss and carrots are stacked.
Moss is inherent preservative propertiesthat help maintain the right amount of CO2 inside the carrot storage boxes in the cellar. Also, the advantage of moss is that it has practically no weight. Because of what it does not add weight to the boxes.
To save, we need:
- boxes or cardboard boxes;
- cling film.
Using this method of saving, clay is a kind of shield for the root crop, preventing it from germination and wilting throughout the winter.
Consider two options for storing carrots in a clay solution: pouring clay in layers and dipping it in clay.
Half a bucket full of clay diluted with water... The next day, when the substance swells with water, it should be carefully stirred and refilled with water. The diluted clay must be kept for a few days under a layer of water two to three centimeters.
Before using it, you need to pay attention to its consistency. She must be not thicker than sour cream... After the clay is prepared, the bottom of the boxes into which the carrots will be placed must be covered with plastic wrap.
Next, the carrots are laid out in the prepared boxes so that the root vegetables did not touch each other... After that, clay is poured onto the layer of laid out carrots. When the clay dry, pour the next layer of carrots and fill everything with clay again.
Every time a carrot is covered with clay, it is necessary that the last dried up, and only then can the next layer of carrots be laid. And so on to the top of the box.
Dipping in clay
This method is practically no different from the previous one. The only difference is that the carrots are not covered, but enveloped in clay.
Unwashed carrots should be rolled in clay solution, and then dry well her in a well-ventilated place. After that, carefully dried carrots are placed in boxes or in cardboard boxes.
For cooking clay solution clay should be mixed with water to the state of liquid sour cream, so that it subsequently does not have the opportunity to drain from the carrots. The procedure for dipping carrots in clay - photo:
In onion or garlic skins
For storage we need:
- wooden boxes;
- onion or garlic husks.
This method is based on a similar method, which deals with saving carrots in sawdust. Just like sawdust, onion and garlic husks contain such essential oils that contribute to prevent spoilage carrots.
Carrots are folded into boxes, alternating with onion or garlic husks in the following order: carrot / husk / carrot.
In the beds
How to keep the carrot harvest until spring without a cellar? To save, we need:
- polyethylene film;
- shavings, fallen leaves, fertilizers.
Some summer residents, when harvesting, specially partially preserve the carrot harvest. winter in the beds... You can find out more about this method of saving carrots here.
In enameled pans
How to store carrots for the winter at home in the basement? To preserve carrots in this way, they should be washed well, completely remove the tops and dry them well in the sun.
Carrots fit snugly into the pot upright, after which it is covered with a paper towel and closed tightly.
Cooking utensils with carrots should be saved in a cool place, with an increased percentage of moisture, so that the carrots remain in their original form until the new harvest.
In plastic boxes
Can carrots be stored in plastic boxes? To save, we need:
- plastic boxes;
- filler: sand, clay, sawdust (if any).
Saving carrots in plastic boxes is almost the same as saving carrots in wooden containers.
However, a significant advantage of plastic boxes is that this material more stable to the diffusion of fungal diseases and moldiness.
Which, in turn, has a positive effect on the savings procedure and noticeably increases the duration of savings carrots.
The technology of saving carrots in plastic boxes is actually no different from the previously described methods of saving carrots in clay, sawdust and sand. The only difference is the container material in which the carrots will be stored.
What to do if there is no cellar?
How to store carrots and beets if there is no cellar? This question interests many people, because not everyone has private houses with a cellar or basement.
As we already know, carrots are well preserved at temperatures from 0 ° C to + 2 ° C and a moisture content of 96%, so it will be kept in the apartment quite problematic... However, there are some ways to help fix this problem.
Carrots can be saved in the refrigerator in plastic bags... The duration of savings using this method will be very low, but you will be insured against possible rotting and sprouting of root crops.
Also, if the apartment has glazed and well heated balcony, it is possible to store the carrots there, in wooden boxes with wet sand.
But the most effective and long-term is a way to save carrots in clay.
By creating a protective shell on the carrots, the clay helps preserve the carrots throughout the year. You can also save carrots in clay on the balcony in boxes or bags.
How to keep carrots for the winter without a cellar? You will learn how to store carrots without a cellar by watching this video:
Consider the following method for storing carrots without a basement.
How to use the caisson?
How to store carrots in a caisson? First of all, you should figure out what a caisson is. Caisson is waterproof design... Simply put, this is a box or chamber that is externally equipped so as not to allow water to pass from the outside.
To save carrots in this way, you need them well rinse and remove the topsthen it follows well dry in the shadow. After the carrots are dry enough, they need to be laid out in plastic bags... Root vegetables must be placed in the caisson on the same day.
Hint: a couple of sachets can be leave in the fridge, since in winter it is not every day that it is possible to get carrots out of the caisson.
In addition to their taste, carrots are also very useful root vegetable... In cooking, there are practically no such dishes for the preparation of which carrots would not be used. Carrots also make delicious and refreshing fresh juices.
Also, carrots are one of the main components in various cosmetics... It makes excellent masks, scrubs and creams. Carrots are also used in folk medicine as an effective tool in the fight against various kinds of diseases.
Therefore, the question of storing carrots in winter is quite relevant in our time. We all love to eat carrots in the summer. But summer, as a rule, passes quickly, and I really want to pamper myself with vegetables and fruits, not only in summer, but also in winter.
And cunning sellers raise prices for vegetables and fruits in winter almost 3 times and, unfortunately, the price does not always correspond to the quality. In this regard, each of us should learn ourselves store carrots at home.
In this article, we have tried to give comprehensive answers to all frequently asked questions. We hope this article on storing carrots helped you. Be healthy and happy!