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Dill Is one of the most popular types of greenery. He is loved for its spicy taste that can change any dish, give freshness and a special smell to food. In addition to its taste, dill boasts a huge range of nutrients. And if we add here the fact that it is very easy to grow these greens, then such fame of dill becomes understandable.
The plant is quite unpretentious. There are even such happy gardeners on whose plots dill grows on its own, without human intervention. Seeds fall to the soil in the fall, and germinate again in the spring.
But, until such a result is achieved, it is worth listening to some recommendations for planting and leaving dill.
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How to grow dill outdoors?
Neighborhood with other cultures
Separately, it should be noted that there are no obvious conflicts with other plants. Therefore, dill is combined with cucumbers, cabbage, zucchini, tomatoes and other vegetables.
It is not recommended only to plant dill on the site of last year's celery garden.
But, of course, the planting must be planned without harming the main plants. That is, greens should not grow in the immediate vicinity of the vegetable stalk, so as not to take away moisture and nutrients from it.
Seed germination occurs at about 3-5 degrees. However, conditions around 16-18 degrees are optimal. The plant can grow in shaded areas, but it is better to plant in lighted beds.
Greens are formed when the daylight hours are about 10-12 hours, but for the formation of seeds it takes 15 hours of daylight.
Soil for planting dill
For a good harvest, the soil must be moist, otherwise the plant will wilt, and the leaves will become dry and tough. This indicator for soil is at the level of 75-80%, for air - 60-70%.
Fertilize the soil before planting. In this case, the soil should be slightly acidic, and ideally neutral. Here are the feeding rates:
- organic fertilizers per 1 sq. m - 3-4 kg of manure or 5 kg of compost,
- mineral fertilizers per 1 sq. m - 150 g of potassium salt and 200 g of superphosphate.
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Sowing seeds can be done in April-May, depending on the climate. At the same time, work can be started on average in April-May, that is, when the soil is ready.
Before planting, you can pre-prepare the seeds to reduce the time it takes for them to germinate. You can keep them for 2 days in an ash solution. Or place gauze bags with seeds in water (40-50 degrees) for 3-4 days. In the latter case, the water must be drained about 4-5 times, then the seeds must be dried.
Seeds are planted 2 cm deep into the ground. Moreover, for 1 sq. m of surface should account for about 1-2 g of seeds. With this method of planting, there will be 15-20 plants on the same area, the distance between them is 5-7 cm. You can arrange the dill in rows. But in this case, vacuum will be required after germination.
Dill is an unpretentious plant. But if the goal is a large harvest of juicy and fragrant greens, then you need to take care of the crops.
- Water 1-2 times a week.
- Loosen the ground periodically.
- Eliminate weeds as they appear.
- Cut overly dense plantings.
- Spud rows of greenery several times.
- Harvesting and storage.
You can eat greens right away. However, it is better to collect dill for its further preparation and storage at the time of the formation of inflorescences. At this time, the plant reaches a height of about 30 cm.
The best time to harvest dill is in the early morning after the dew has melted. In the daytime, plants may wilt somewhat.
You can store dill in dried form (both herbs and seeds). To do this, the collected plant parts must be washed and dried in the shade. In this case, you often need to stir the dill. Then put it in cloth bags or glass jars and place in a dark place.
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Greens can also be kept in the fridge freezer. In this case, it is better to arrange the plants in layers. Then you do not have to pre-cut the dill, but simply break off the required amount.
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How to plant dill on a windowsill?
Growing technology is not too different from a similar process in the open field. Here are some tips for those looking to get fresh greens right at home all year round.
- In winter, you need to organize additional lighting (plus 5-6 hours in the morning, evening hours).
- In the process of growth, fertilize with concentrated fertilizers.
It may not be so important to thoroughly follow all these instructions for planting, care and collection. The main thing is to treat any business with a soul. The more is done for the plant, the more yield it will bring. And it doesn't matter where the dill will grow - on the window of the house or in the garden bed. The main thing is that this plant is an excellent gift for your mood and health.