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Vegetable gardens and gardens
Creating and caring for vegetable gardens and gardens is not only a pastime but a way to re-establish that relationship with nature that modern lifestyles gradually contribute to weakening. Working the land, setting up a garden, growing plants and doing all the operations necessary to correct maintenance of a green space in respect of biodiversity requires time, effort, knowledge of plants and gardening techniques as well as the availability of the tools and utensils needed to do the work of the gardener. Make a good harvest, grow plants and flowers protecting them from pests and from the atmospheric agents to see them grow up healthy it is certainly gratifying and is the way in which nature pays for its efforts and commitment.
Operations to be carried out for vegetable garden and garden
There is always something to do in the gardens or gardens; There are many operations to be carried out and the devices to be observed to avoid unpleasant problems that can in a short time nullify a job that lasted months. Prepare the soil, sow, implant, graft, protect plants from pests, wind and frost, prepare the most suitable irrigation systems, building greenhouses, removing weeds, etc. they are all operations to be carried out scrupulously and that are part of the ordinary maintenance of a vegetable garden or an orchard. Taking care of your green space means loving nature, respecting biodiversity and understanding the need to safeguard the balance of the surrounding ecosystems. This is why the art of gardening is increasingly eco-sustainable or oriented to the use of natural methods and non-polluting substances. Only by respecting these principles will it be possible to enjoy healthy and nutritious organic products.
Work and improve the soil
The soil is a primary element necessary for the growth and development of any plant species. It contains the organic substances that plants need to live. The roots not only draw nourishment from the soil but anchor themselves to it by mixing it up, breaking up the clods, stones and rocks, thus creating nourishment for other plant species. Often in intensive cultivation, the soil exhausts its nutritive properties and turns into inert soil. it can be made fertile only artificially with the use of chemical substances. The soil contains micro-organisms capable of generating nourishment for both plants and other organisms such as insects and earthworms. They are in fact able to decompose the particles of dead organic matter by transforming them in nutrients. These micro-organisms together with the leaves and plant residues make up the biological part of the very important soil in the surface layer of a garden because it is responsible for the correct growth of plants. In uncultivated land this component is naturally present whereas in poor soils it can be added to the surface of manure or compost a particular soil obtained by mixing the remains of plants and vegetables. But the soil is also composed of minerals and inorganic substances such as sand and gravel which, properly mixed with organic factors, determine the right compactness and the correct drainage or the quantity of water of which the roots can have. It is therefore advisable to add sand and gravel to a soil that is too compact and contains a high biological component whereas, on the contrary, excessively permeable soils must be enriched with compost. An important parameter to consider for the choice of the type of plants to be cultivated concerns the pH or the determination of the acid or alkaline characteristics of the soil. An acid soil is recognized by the excessive presence of wild flora. The typical acidity of calcareous soils can be exploited by the gardener to his advantage through the cultivation of specific plants such as the Pieris, the Kalmia, the Japanese maple and the Liquidambar.
Providing the right amount of water to your plants is not at all easy, especially in the summer months when excessive heat and drought make the soil arid, putting at risk the life of the most delicate plants. Sometimes it takes so much experience to put point the most suitable irrigation system for your needs. Fortunately, on the market there are many products (sprinklers, guns, lances, tubes of various sizes, sockets, fittings, etc.) useful for those who intend to build an automated surface irrigation system within the own vegetable garden or garden.It is obvious that you need to know what is the right amount of water to be supplied periodically to each plant (normally 15 liters every 3 days for medium-sized plants or one and a half liters of water per cubic meter of crown) and the exact size of the space to be irrigated so as to avoid waste. With the help of guns and spears you can reach the less accessible points such as the top of the canopy he trees while with the aid of sprinklers it is possible to evenly wet very large soils.For the most demanding there is the possibility of creating underground installations a little more expensive and normally made with the help of specialized technicians. These particular irrigation systems they are characterized by the presence of concealed sprinklers that emerge from the ground only when the water flow is opened.