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Cultivation of parsley
Parsley is one of the most used odors in Italian cuisine, and goes well with meat, fish and pasta dishes. It can be found on the market very easily, but it is equally easy to cultivate it in our garden, following some precautions.
Parsley, to grow well, needs a temperate climate, which does not have too many changes in temperature, and can be sown in the months from March to July. It is advisable to choose an area where the plants will not be exposed to sunlight throughout the day: parsley does not tolerate too hot temperatures. The soil should be mixed with peat, in order to facilitate the flow of water without stagnation. It is also advisable to prepare the soil a few weeks before sowing the parsley with a special fertilizer: in this way, the plants that will be born will have the right nutrition.
It is sufficient to obtain organic fertilizer (the manure is fine) which must be mixed with the ground during digging, at least twenty centimeters deep.
At the time of sowing (about three weeks after this operation), it is possible to spread the parsley seeds directly on the ground, in rows at least fifteen centimeters apart. In the end, the seeds should be covered with a little soil (forming a layer about two centimeters high) and then sprinkled with rain (it is recommended not to overdo this operation). Parsley seeds are very common: they are found in supermarkets or in stores specializing in gardening items.
Growth and harvest
Parsley needs water to grow well: the soil must always be kept moist, without waiting for it to dry out between the different irrigations. However, care must be taken not to let the water stagnate, and not to create pools. In this way, in fact, it would facilitate the rot of the roots, which would dry out the new parsley seedlings. It is recommended to remove the weeds that, almost certainly, will grow between the parsley plants, and which would remove the nutrients from the soil. It is enough to tear them away, if the cultivation is not too wide, or with the help of a special rake. Parsley does not need further fertilization: the irrigation water is sufficient to provide the nutrients the plants need. We must continue to water the plants even when the parsley is ready for harvest.
The collection of parsley is valid for all the summer and autumn months: the cut plants grow back, and it is therefore possible to collect more twigs from the same plant. When we need parsley, it is therefore possible to sharply cut the twigs we need: the plant will give birth to new ones.
Parsley is a resistant plant, and in areas where the temperature is not too rigid, it can withstand even in winter, provided it is properly protected against frost. In spring it will still be necessary to do a new sowing. A harvest picked the parsley sprigs can be chopped and stored in a jar with olive oil, or frozen: in this way, we could use them when the need arises.
Parsley is a plant that lends itself very well to being grown in pots. This will save space for those who do not have a garden or a garden available; or to those who want to try their hand at creating a vegetable garden on their terrace. It is better to choose an earthenware pot, which allows the oxygenation of the soil: the soil must be prepared so that it is not draining. It is therefore advisable to place gravel or expanded clay pellets on the bottom of the vase, which will guarantee the flow of water, avoiding stagnation. The soil should be fertilized as for sowing in the field, a few weeks before: the sowing of parsley takes place in the way already described. The vase should not be placed in an area where it is exposed to direct sunlight, but must be in the shade. If this is not possible, it is recommended to create a shaded area with a cloth. The same protection must be used if the temperature drops suddenly: if kept in a pot, the parsley can easily be repaired during the winter, thus making the plants last longer.
Like any plant, parsley is also susceptible to various diseases and parasites. The most common enemies of our homemade parsley cultivation are aphids and beetle, whose larvae feed on the leaflets of the plants. If you notice a state of suffering of the seedlings caused by these parasites, it is useful to get pesticides and insecticides. Other problems can be caused by too much water from the watering that, stagnating, will lead to the formation of mold. Often it happens that some sprigs of parsley turn yellow: usually it is the effect of too much sun. In this case, it is sufficient to cut them to see them grow more green and vigorous. In this case, all you can do is suspend irrigation so that the soil can dry out.