Aloe arborescens

Aloe arborescens

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Plant characteristics

Aloe arborescens belongs to the Aloaceae family and lives in places with a hot and dry climate, particularly in northern Africa. It is found, however, even in the most temperate climates especially in the sea areas, it is often used as an ornamental plant in gardens. Besides being very characteristic and pleasant to see, it requires little care. It has been known since ancient times, according to some texts it was discovered by Christopher Columbus during his crossings of the Atlantic to arrive in America and then imported into Europe. The plant has a very long life cycle, it is, in fact, perennial and can even reach several meters in height. The adult specimens are characterized by a very pronounced branching and many red inflorescences. The pollination is cross-type, in fact, the plant is defined as sterile self, the female and male flowers never cross on the same plant. The leaves are succulent, long and tapered, surrounded by thorns along the edges and can even reach eighty centimeters in length. Aloe arborescens is characterized by its glossy green color and needs direct exposure to the sun for many hours a day. As well as on the ground it can also be cultivated in pots and kept indoors, like any other succulent plant. Just place it in a good soil, water it regularly but not too much and keep it near the windows. The thickness of the leaves is an excellent indicator of the state of health of the plant, the larger they are the better it looks and grows.
Aloe Arborescens is often confused with Aloe Barbadensis, but although belonging to the same family, they are two different species. The confusion comes from the fact that the second is much more commercialized than the first. From the plant the juice and the gel are extracted, the cells immediately under the skin contain the yellow liquid part, while the central part contains the gel, which is dense and colorless.


Aloe arborescens is a medical curative plant in all respects and is used to resolve and treat small and large disorders of the body. The major property that is recognized to this species of aloe is the detoxifying one. The plant has the ability to remove toxins and stimulate cells to regenerate. Compared to Aloe Barbadensis this type of plant has a much higher concentration of active ingredients, amino acids and vitamins. It also has a laxative effect due to the presence of anthraquinones. For external use the aloe is applied to the skin because it is able to soothe burns and to mitigate the pain that burn wounds can cause. The application has no particular contraindications but should be reduced or at least controlled in those suffering from diabetes because the active ingredients of this type of aloe tend to lower the glycemic index. In the aesthetic field thanks to the antioxidant action, aloe is used in creams and beauty treatments. In addition to important active ingredients, aloe arborescens is also rich in Chrome, Iron, Magnesium, Selenium and Zinc. Given the high concentration of principles, vitamins and mineral salts, it is also often used to treat degenerative diseases and vitamin deficiencies. Other important properties are anti-inflammatory with respect to mucous membranes and analgesic, it can help to alleviate pain in the bones and joints.

Aloe arborescens: Use and application

The plant is used both in the pharmaceutical and cosmetic industries. On the market there are many products based on aloe arborescens, for external and internal use. In particular, it is present in many massage creams to counteract diseases and joints and muscles. In the form of sprays and gels it is used for skin irritations, cuts and abrasions. Having stimulating and regenerating properties, it helps cell metabolism and promotes skin healing.
The use of aloe juice is particularly indicated for those suffering from irritable bowel syndrome, peptic ulcer and colitis. The use of this particular type of aloe is often associated with homeopathic cures for cancer, but these are theories that never have a scientific proof. However, there is a recipe based on aloe and other ingredients, handed down by a monk of Brazilian origin, Friar Zago. However, the use of this product should not be prolonged, you may also experience some side effects. Excessive dosing can cause vomiting, diarrhea, abdominal pain and intestinal spasms. For this reason it is always important to read the information contained on the drugs and on the products that are purchased. In general, it is not recommended for use in children, for women who are pregnant or breastfeeding, when they have their period, for intestinal diseases or if they are taking diuretic and cortisone-based drugs. On an aesthetic level the aloe helps against skin disorders such as acne and dandruff, herpes, psoriasis. Contrasts gum inflammation, tooth pain, candida, and sores. It can be used alone or in combination with essential oils and clay to create beauty masks.