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The bonsai tree with the exception of the size however does not change at all from its similar that is found in the parks or in the avenues and the same duration of life does not differ that for little, one even speaks of centennial bonsai handed down from father to son from generation to generation.
Bonsai art is an art that involves more knowledge ranging from the field of botany to its own bonsai techniques which consist in guiding the plant material to assume the shape and the dimensions always desired respecting the vegetative and functional balance of the plant.
Bonsai, miniature trees, need continuous and particular care, not by chance, they are considered, for this reason, never finished works of art, for example to make the plant as a whole stronger and more suitable to survive in tight spaces, is it is necessary to prune it with the tap roots (roots that penetrate the soil), then it must be subjected to periodic repotting, and with appropriate pruning of branches the basic form of the bonsai is defined, with the pruning of the leaves and shoots, instead, it is refined and embellished the basic form to be obtained.
The bonsai pot is a fundamental aesthetic element that can also enhance a not particularly beautiful bonsai by enhancing the qualities and concealing the defects.In general, the pots can be bought at specialized shops but with a little imagination and manual skills, they can also be made using clay or cement at home, while those on the market are made of terracotta, gres or porcelain.The bonsai vase is characterized in accordance with three parameters that are size, shape, color, and of particular importance is the material with which it was built which can be of terracotta, stoneware or porcelain, each with its own characteristics.For the purposes of plant well-being, it is advisable to always choose the most transpiring pot of contents and it is the absolute terracotta pot that is completely breathable, followed by breathable stoneware, while porcelain is not very breathable.The choice of bonsai pot undoubtedly is a difficult choice and it is then necessary to take into account the species of plant chosen and the interventions to be practiced to educate it to the needs of a bonsai, trying to achieve a good balance between the pot and the plant.The width of the recommended vessel should be 2/3 of the height of the plant while, while the height of the vessel H should be equal to the diameter of the plant, the depth, instead, of the vessel should correspond to the width of the plant.The shape of the bonsai vase ranges from the round to the rectangular, from the square to the oval, and so on the combination of a shape rather than another to a bonsai depends on the style of bonsai that is chosen in bonsai cultivation.The color must be in harmony with the bonsai style, nothing flashy the neutral colors are often considered the most appropriate to enhance the composition.The Japanese have given great importance to the rules concerning the various forms that the plant must take, the styles that aim to achieve aesthetic perfection have been created, each style has fixed rules that follow both single bonsai with a single plant and the group bonsai consisting of more plants originating from the same root or groups of plants.Bonsai styles and vases
As nature varies and changes plants, so too the art of bonsai, an imitation of what exists in nature, although small in size, is expressed in different shapes and styles and, depending on them, matches the most suitable vase to enhance the bonsai.
The most important bonsai styles are: the erect style, erect random, inclined, cascading, semicascata.
The formal erect style is typical in plants in nature is a style characterized by a single trunk that grows gradually tapering towards the apex or growing upwards are an example of conifers, it is in any case a very binding style because it obliges to fixed rules by establishing in a precise and punctual manner and the arrangement of the branches and trunk, for the combination of the vase you can choose between that of the square, rectangular, round or oval shape.
The casual upright style is a style formed by a more or less sinuous trunk it is common for most plants and is the simplest style to make, the species that are best suited to this style are oaks, maples and beeches while for the vase the square, rectangular and oval shape is fine.
With the inclined style the bonsai is characterized by the trunk and the vegetation inclined to the right or left, with strong and evident roots on the surface of the soil and arranged in the same direction of inclination of the plant, for this style the suitable vase can be either rectangular or round than oval.
The cascading style is a style that recreates the appearance of trees grown in particular environmental situations such as steep cliffs, the trees that best lend themselves to this style are the conifers, the azalea, the hawthorn and the vase to combine can be of square, round or hexagonal shape.
The semicascata style very much resembles the cascade style, it differs in the fact that the trunk, even though falling outside the vase, stops its fall just below the upper edge of the vase of the tree, the species of plants that lend are the same as the waterfall style and also the shape of the vase is the same.
Anchoring of the plant to the bonsai pot
The vase that will house the bonsai as well as being suitable as a shape and as a measure must be cleaned and sterilized by germs and parasites, furthermore the bottom of the vase must have one or two holes covered by a mesh with not too thin meshes also fixed to them.
The holes for drainage must be large enough to ensure a correct flow of water and a correct air circulation and to this net in the case of low pots that are secured to the roots of the tree through a copper wire to give stability to the bonsai.
The shallow depth of the bonsai pot and the chosen plant can give rise to the need to secure the plant to the pot, the stability of the plant can be obtained according to two methods or using a metal wire that fixes the roots to the bottom of the container giving stability to the tree or using a wet mixture of peat and kneaded soil that is compressed around by a stick gently trying not to damage the bonsai roots in such a way that an anchoring plate is formed.
Adding more earth to the whole pot, all that remains is to water abundantly but gently with a nebulizer to avoid holes in the ground.